# Two matrix subtraction

Here given code implementation process.

``````/*
C Program
+ Perform two matrix subtraction
*/
#include <stdio.h>

#define ROW 3
#define COL 3

//Display the element of given 2d matrix
void show_data(int matrix[][COL]) {

printf("-----------------\n");

for (int i = 0; i < ROW; ++i) {

for (int j = 0; j < COL; ++j) {

printf("%4d", matrix[i][j]);
}

printf("\n");
}

printf("\n");
}
void matrix_subtraction(int matrix1[][COL],int matrix2[][COL])
{

//This matrix are store the result of subtraction
int result[ROW][COL];

for (int i = 0; i < ROW; ++i) {

for (int j = 0; j < COL; ++j) {

//Subtract matrix A [i] row and [j] columns into
// Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
result[i][j] = matrix1[i][j] - matrix2[i][j];

}
}
//Display Matrix Elements
printf("  Matrix A\n");
//print element of matrix1
show_data(matrix1);

printf("\n  Matrix B\n");
//print element of matrix1
show_data(matrix2);

printf(" (Matrix A) - \n (Matrix B)\n");
//Display resultant matrix
show_data(result);

}
int main() {
//Define matrix 1
int matrix1[ROW][COL] = {
{
1, 2, 3
},

{
2, -5, 2
},
{
-7, 4, 3
}
};

//Define matrix 2
int matrix2[ROW][COL] = {
{
3, 1, 4
},
{
1, 3, 3
},
{
2, 2, 2
}
};

matrix_subtraction(matrix1,matrix2);

return 0;
}```
```

#### Output

``````  Matrix A
-----------------
1   2   3
2  -5   2
-7   4   3

Matrix B
-----------------
3   1   4
1   3   3
2   2   2

(Matrix A) -
(Matrix B)
-----------------
-2   1  -1
1  -8  -1
-9   2   1
``````
``````/*
C++ Program
Perform two matrix subtraction
*/
#include<iostream>
#define ROW 3
#define COL 3
using namespace std;

class MyMatrix {
public:

//Display the element of given 2d matrix
void show_data(int matrix[ROW][COL]) {
int row = ROW;
int col = COL;
cout << "---------\n";
//Assume Both same N x M  size Matrix
for (int i = 0; i < row; ++i) {

for (int j = 0; j < col; ++j) {

cout << " " << matrix[i][j];
}
cout << "\n";
}
cout << "\n";
}
void matrix_subtraction(int matrix1[ROW][COL], int matrix2[ROW][COL]) {
//Assume both matrix are equal size
//Assume  N x N Matrix size
int row = ROW;
int col = COL;
int result[ROW][COL];
for (int i = 0; i < row; ++i) {
for (int j = 0; j < col; ++j) {
//subtract matrix A [i] row and [j] columns into
//Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
result[i][j] = matrix1[i][j] - matrix2[i][j];
}
}
cout << " Matrix A\n";
//print element of matrix1
this->show_data(matrix1);
cout << "\n Matrix B\n";
//print element of matrix1
this->show_data(matrix2);
cout << " (Matrix A) - \n (Matrix B)\n";
//Display resultant matrix
this->show_data(result);
}
};
int main() {
MyMatrix obj ;
int matrix1[ROW][COL] = {
{
1,
2,
3
},
{
2,
-5,
2
},
{
-7,
4,
3
}
};
int matrix2[ROW][COL] = {
{
3,
1,
4
},
{
1,
3,
3
},
{
2,
2,
2
}
};
obj.matrix_subtraction(matrix1, matrix2);
return 0;
}```
```

#### Output

`````` Matrix A
---------
1 2 3
2 -5 2
-7 4 3

Matrix B
---------
3 1 4
1 3 3
2 2 2

(Matrix A) -
(Matrix B)
---------
-2 1 -1
1 -8 -1
-9 2 1
``````
``````/*
Java Program
Perform two matrix subtraction
*/
public class MyMatrix {

//Display the element of given 2d matrix
public void show_data(int [][]matrix) {

System.out.print("-----------------\n");

//Assume Both same N x M  size Matrix
int row = matrix.length;

int col = matrix[0].length;

for (int i = 0; i < row; ++i) {

for (int j = 0; j < col; ++j) {

System.out.print("  "+ matrix[i][j]);
}

System.out.print("\n");
}

System.out.print("\n");
}
public void matrix_subtraction(int [][]matrix1,int [][]matrix2)
{
//Assume both matrix are equal size
//Assume  N x N Matrix size
int row = matrix1.length;

int col = matrix1[0].length;

//This matrix are store the result of subtraction
int [][]result = new int[row][col];

for (int i = 0; i < row; ++i) {

for (int j = 0; j < col; ++j) {

//subtract matrix A [i] row and [j] columns into
//Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
result[i][j] = matrix1[i][j] - matrix2[i][j];

}
}
System.out.print("  Matrix A\n");
//print element of matrix1
show_data(matrix1);

System.out.print("\n  Matrix B\n");
//print element of matrix1
show_data(matrix2);

System.out.print(" (Matrix A) - \n (Matrix B)\n");
//Display resultant matrix
show_data(result);

}

public static void main(String[] args) {

MyMatrix obj = new MyMatrix();
//Define matrix 1
int [][]matrix1 = {
{
1, 2, 3
},

{
2, -5, 2
},
{
-7, 4, 3
}
};

//Define matrix 2
int [][]matrix2 = {
{
3, 1, 4
},
{
1, 3, 3
},
{
2, 2, 2
}
};
obj.matrix_subtraction(matrix1,matrix2);

}
}```
```

#### Output

``````  Matrix A
-----------------
1  2  3
2  -5  2
-7  4  3

Matrix B
-----------------
3  1  4
1  3  3
2  2  2

(Matrix A) -
(Matrix B)
-----------------
-2  1  -1
1  -8  -1
-9  2  1
``````
``````/*
C# Program
Perform two matrix subtraction
*/
using System;
public class MyMatrix {

//Display the element of given 2d matrix
public void show_data(int[,] matrix) {

Console.Write("-----------------\n");

//Assume Both same N x M  size Matrix
int row = matrix.GetLength(0);

int col = matrix.GetLength(1);

for (int i = 0; i < row; ++i) {

for (int j = 0; j < col; ++j) {

Console.Write("  " + matrix[i,j]);
}

Console.Write("\n");
}

Console.Write("\n");
}
public void matrix_subtraction(int[,] matrix1, int[,] matrix2) {
//Assume both matrix are equal size
//Assume  N x N Matrix size
int row = matrix1.GetLength(0);

int col = matrix1.GetLength(1);

//This matrix are store the result of subtraction
int[,] result = new int[row,col];

for (int i = 0; i < row; ++i) {

for (int j = 0; j < col; ++j) {

//subtract matrix A [i] row and [j] columns into
//Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
result[i,j] = matrix1[i,j] - matrix2[i,j];

}
}
Console.Write("  Matrix A\n");
//print element of matrix1
show_data(matrix1);

Console.Write("\n  Matrix B\n");
//print element of matrix1
show_data(matrix2);

Console.Write(" (Matrix A) - \n (Matrix B)\n");
//Display resultant matrix
show_data(result);

}

public static void Main(String[] args) {

MyMatrix obj = new MyMatrix();
//Define matrix 1
int[,] matrix1 = {
{
1,
2,
3
},

{
2,
-5,
2
},
{
-7,
4,
3
}
};

//Define matrix 2
int[,] matrix2 = {
{
3,
1,
4
},
{
1,
3,
3
},
{
2,
2,
2
}
};
obj.matrix_subtraction(matrix1, matrix2);

}
}```
```

#### Output

``````  Matrix A
-----------------
1  2  3
2  -5  2
-7  4  3

Matrix B
-----------------
3  1  4
1  3  3
2  2  2

(Matrix A) -
(Matrix B)
-----------------
-2  1  -1
1  -8  -1
-9  2  1
``````
``````<?php
/*
Php Program
Perform two matrix subtraction
*/
class MyMatrix {
//Display the element of given 2d matrix

public 	function show_data(\$matrix) {
echo("-----------------\n");
//Assume Both same N x M  size Matrix
\$row = count(\$matrix);
\$col = count(\$matrix[0]);
for (\$i = 0; \$i < \$row; ++\$i) {
for (\$j = 0; \$j < \$col; ++\$j) {
echo(" ". \$matrix[\$i][\$j]);
}
echo("\n");
}
echo("\n");
}
public 	function matrix_subtraction(\$matrix1, \$matrix2) {
//Assume both matrix are equal size
//Assume  N x N Matrix size
\$row = count(\$matrix1);
\$col = count(\$matrix1[0]);
//This matrix are store the result of subtraction
\$result = array_fill(0, \$row,  array_fill(0, \$col, 0));
for (\$i = 0; \$i < \$row; ++\$i) {
for (\$j = 0; \$j < \$col; ++\$j) {
//subtract matrix A [i] row and [j] columns into
//Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
\$result[\$i][\$j] = \$matrix1[\$i][\$j] - \$matrix2[\$i][\$j];
}
}
echo(" Matrix A\n");
//print element of matrix1
\$this->show_data(\$matrix1);
echo("\n Matrix B\n");
//print element of matrix1
\$this->show_data(\$matrix2);
echo(" (Matrix A) - \n (Matrix B)\n");
//Display resultant matrix
\$this->show_data(\$result);
}
};

function main() {
\$obj = new MyMatrix();
//Define matrix 1
\$matrix1 = array(array(1, 2, 3), array(2, -5, 2), array(-7, 4, 3));
//Define matrix 2
\$matrix2 = array(array(3, 1, 4), array(1, 3, 3), array(2, 2, 2));
\$obj->matrix_subtraction(\$matrix1, \$matrix2);
}
main();```
```

#### Output

`````` Matrix A
-----------------
1 2 3
2 -5 2
-7 4 3

Matrix B
-----------------
3 1 4
1 3 3
2 2 2

(Matrix A) -
(Matrix B)
-----------------
-2 1 -1
1 -8 -1
-9 2 1
``````
``````/*
Node Js Program
Perform two matrix subtraction
*/
class MyMatrix {
//Display the element of given 2d matrix
show_data(matrix) {
process.stdout.write("-----------------\n");
//Assume Both same N x M  size Matrix
var row = matrix.length;
var col = matrix[0].length;
for (var i = 0; i < row; ++i) {
for (var j = 0; j < col; ++j) {
process.stdout.write(" " + matrix[i][j]);
}
process.stdout.write("\n");
}
process.stdout.write("\n");
}
matrix_subtraction(matrix1, matrix2) {
//Assume both matrix are equal size
//Assume  N x N Matrix size
var row = matrix1.length;
var col = matrix1[0].length;
//This matrix are store the result of subtraction
var result = Array(row).fill(0).map(() => new Array(col).fill(0));;
for (var i = 0; i < row; ++i) {
for (var j = 0; j < col; ++j) {
//subtract matrix A [i] row and [j] columns into
//Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
result[i][j] = matrix1[i][j] - matrix2[i][j];
}
}
process.stdout.write(" Matrix A\n");
//print element of matrix1
this.show_data(matrix1);
process.stdout.write("\n Matrix B\n");
//print element of matrix1
this.show_data(matrix2);
process.stdout.write(" (Matrix A) - \n (Matrix B)\n");
//Display resultant matrix
this.show_data(result);
}
}

function main(args) {
var obj = new MyMatrix();
//Define matrix 1
var matrix1 = [
[1, 2, 3],
[2, -5, 2],
[-7, 4, 3]
];
//Define matrix 2
var matrix2 = [
[3, 1, 4],
[1, 3, 3],
[2, 2, 2]
];
obj.matrix_subtraction(matrix1, matrix2);
}
main();```
```

#### Output

`````` Matrix A
-----------------
1 2 3
2 -5 2
-7 4 3

Matrix B
-----------------
3 1 4
1 3 3
2 2 2

(Matrix A) -
(Matrix B)
-----------------
-2 1 -1
1 -8 -1
-9 2 1
``````
``````# Python 3 Program
# Perform two matrix subtraction
class MyMatrix :
# Display the element of given 2d matrix
def show_data(self, matrix) :
print("-----------------")
row = len(matrix)
col = len(matrix[0])
i = 0
while (i < row) :
j = 0
while (j < col) :
print(" ", matrix[i][j],end="")
j += 1

print(end="\n")
i += 1

print("\n")

def matrix_subtraction(self, matrix1, matrix2) :
row = len(matrix1)
col = len(matrix1[0])
result = [
[0] * col
for _ in range(row)
]
i = 0
while (i < row) :
j = 0
while (j < col) :
# Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
# subtract matrix A [i] row and [j] columns into
# Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
result[i][j] = matrix1[i][j] - matrix2[i][j]
j += 1

i += 1

print(" Matrix A")
self.show_data(matrix1)
print(" Matrix B")
self.show_data(matrix2)
print(" (Matrix A) - \n (Matrix B)")
self.show_data(result)

def main() :
obj = MyMatrix()
matrix1 = [
[1, 2, 3],
[2, -5, 2],
[-7, 4, 3]
]
matrix2 = [
[3, 1, 4],
[1, 3, 3],
[2, 2, 2]
]
obj.matrix_subtraction(matrix1, matrix2)

if __name__ == "__main__":
main()```
```

#### Output

`````` Matrix A
-----------------
1  2  3
2  -5  2
-7  4  3

Matrix B
-----------------
3  1  4
1  3  3
2  2  2

(Matrix A) -
(Matrix B)
-----------------
-2  1  -1
1  -8  -1
-9  2  1
``````
``````# Ruby Program
# Perform two matrix subtraction
class MyMatrix
# Display the element of given 2d matrix
def show_data(matrix)
print("-----------------\n")
row = matrix.length
col = matrix[0].length
i = 0
while (i < row)
j = 0
while (j < col)
print(" ", matrix[i][j])
j += 1
end
print("\n")
i += 1
end
print("\n")
end
def matrix_subtraction(matrix1, matrix2)
row = matrix1.length
col = matrix1[0].length
result = Array.new(row){Array.new(col, 0)}
i = 0
while (i < row)
j = 0
while (j < col)
# Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
# subtract matrix A [i] row and [j] columns into
# Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
result[i][j] = matrix1[i][j] - matrix2[i][j]
j += 1
end
i += 1
end
print(" Matrix A\n")
self.show_data(matrix1)
print("\n Matrix B\n")
self.show_data(matrix2)
print(" (Matrix A) - \n (Matrix B)\n")
self.show_data(result)
end
end
def main()
obj = MyMatrix.new()
matrix1 = [
[1, 2, 3],
[2, -5, 2],
[-7, 4, 3]
]
matrix2 = [
[3, 1, 4],
[1, 3, 3],
[2, 2, 2]
]
obj.matrix_subtraction(matrix1, matrix2)
end
main()```
```

#### Output

`````` Matrix A
-----------------
1 2 3
2 -5 2
-7 4 3

Matrix B
-----------------
3 1 4
1 3 3
2 2 2

(Matrix A) -
(Matrix B)
-----------------
-2 1 -1
1 -8 -1
-9 2 1

``````
``````/*
Scala Program
Perform two matrix subtraction
*/
class MyMatrix {
//Display the element of given 2d matrix
def show_data(matrix: Array[Array[Int]]): Unit = {
print("-----------------\n");
var row: Int = matrix.length;
var col: Int = matrix(0).length;
var i: Int = 0;
while (i < row) {
var j: Int = 0;
while (j < col) {
print(" " + matrix(i)(j));
j += 1;
}
print("\n");
i += 1;
}
print("\n");
}
def matrix_subtraction(matrix1: Array[Array[Int]], matrix2: Array[Array[Int]]): Unit = {
var row: Int = matrix1.length;
var col: Int = matrix1(0).length;
var result: Array[Array[Int]] = Array.fill[Int](row, col)(0);
var i: Int = 0;
while (i < row) {
var j: Int = 0;
while (j < col) {
//Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
//subtract matrix A [i] row and [j] columns into
//Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
result(i)(j) = matrix1(i)(j) - matrix2(i)(j);
j += 1;
}
i += 1;
}
print(" Matrix A\n");
this.show_data(matrix1);
print("\n Matrix B\n");
this.show_data(matrix2);
print(" (Matrix A) - \n (Matrix B)\n");
this.show_data(result);
}
}
object Main {
def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
var obj: MyMatrix = new MyMatrix();
var matrix1: Array[Array[Int]] = Array(
Array(1, 2, 3),
Array(2, -5, 2),
Array(-7, 4, 3));
var matrix2: Array[Array[Int]] = Array(
Array(3, 1, 4),
Array(1, 3, 3),
Array(2, 2, 2));
obj.matrix_subtraction(matrix1, matrix2);
}
}```
```

#### Output

`````` Matrix A
-----------------
1 2 3
2 -5 2
-7 4 3

Matrix B
-----------------
3 1 4
1 3 3
2 2 2

(Matrix A) -
(Matrix B)
-----------------
-2 1 -1
1 -8 -1
-9 2 1
``````
``````/*
Swift 4 Program
Perform two matrix subtraction
*/
class MyMatrix {
//Display the element of given 2d matrix
func show_data(_ matrix: [[Int]]) {
print("-----------------\n");
let row: Int = matrix.count;
let col: Int = matrix[0].count;
var i: Int = 0;
while (i < row) {
var j: Int = 0;
while (j < col) {
print(" ", matrix[i][j],terminator:"");
j += 1;
}
print(terminator:"\n");
i += 1;
}
print(terminator:"\n");
}
func matrix_subtraction(_ matrix1: [[Int]], _ matrix2: [[Int]]) {
let row: Int = matrix1.count;
let col: Int = matrix1[0].count;
var result: [[Int]] = Array(repeating: Array(repeating: 0, count: col), count: row);
var i: Int = 0;
while (i < row) {
var j: Int = 0;
while (j < col) {
//Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
//subtract matrix A [i] row and [j] columns into
//Matrix B [i] row and [j] columns
result[i][j] = matrix1[i][j] - matrix2[i][j];
j += 1;
}
i += 1;
}
print(" Matrix A");
self.show_data(matrix1);
print("\n Matrix B");
self.show_data(matrix2);
print(" (Matrix A) - \n (Matrix B)");
self.show_data(result);
}
}
func main() {
let obj: MyMatrix = MyMatrix();
let matrix1: [
[Int]
] = [
[1, 2, 3],
[2, -5, 2],
[-7, 4, 3]
];
let matrix2: [
[Int]
] = [
[3, 1, 4],
[1, 3, 3],
[2, 2, 2]
];
obj.matrix_subtraction(matrix1, matrix2);
}
main();```
```

#### Output

`````` Matrix A
-----------------

1  2  3
2  -5  2
-7  4  3

Matrix B
-----------------

3  1  4
1  3  3
2  2  2

(Matrix A) -
(Matrix B)
-----------------

-2  1  -1
1  -8  -1
-9  2  1
``````

## Comment

Please share your knowledge to improve code and content standard. Also submit your doubts, and test case. We improve by your feedback. We will try to resolve your query as soon as possible.