Trie Deletion

Trie Node Deletion

Here given code implementation process.

/*
  C++ program
  Trie Deletion
*/

#include <iostream>

#include <string.h>

#define ALPHABETS 26

using namespace std;

class Node {
  public:
    bool end;
    Node *children[ALPHABETS];
    Node() {
      this->end = false;
      for (int i = 0; i < ALPHABETS; ++i) {
        this->children[i] = NULL;
      }
    }
};
class Trie {
  public:

    Node *root;
    Trie() {
      this->root = new Node();
    }
    //Search given text is exist in tire
    bool search(string text) {
      int length = text.size();
      int index = 0;
      Node *head = this->root;
      for (int level = 0; level < length; level++) {
        index = text[level] - 'a';
        if (head->children[index] == NULL) {
          return false;
        }
        head = head->children[index];
      }
      if (head != NULL && head->end == true) {
        return true;
      } else {
        return false;
      }
    }

    void insert(string text) {
      int length = text.size();
      int index = 0;
      Node *head = this->root;
      for (int level = 0; level < length; level++) {
        index = text[level] - 'a';
        if (head->children[index] == NULL) {
          head->children[index] = new Node();
        }
        head = head->children[index];
      }
      if (head != NULL) {
        //indicates end of string
        head->end = true;
      }
    }
    bool emptyNode(Node *root) {
      for (int i = 0; i < ALPHABETS; i++) {
        if (root->children[i] != NULL) {
          return false;
        }
      }
      return true;
    }
    Node *lastNode(string text) {
      int length = text.size();
      int index = 0;
      Node *head = this->root;
      for (int level = 0; level < length; level++) {
        index = text[level] - 'a';
        if (head->children[index] == NULL) {
          return NULL;
        }
        head = head->children[index];
      }
      if (head != NULL && head->end == true) {
        return head;
      } else {
        return NULL;
      }
    }


    //This method are handle the request of deleted text in trie tree
    Node *deleteNode(string text, Node *root, int level) {
      if (root != NULL) {
        if (level == text.size()) {
          if (this->emptyNode(root)) {
            return NULL;
          }
          return root;
        }
        int index = text[level] - 'a';
        root->children[index] = this->deleteNode(text, root->children[index], level + 1);
        if (root->end == false && this->emptyNode(root)) {
          return NULL;
        }
      }
      return root;
    }

    void deleteText(string text) {
      Node *last = this->lastNode(text);
      if (last != NULL) {
        if (this->emptyNode(last)) {
          this->deleteNode(text, this->root, 0);
        } else {
          last->end = false;
        }
        cout << "Delete Text " << text << endl;
      } else {
        cout << "Not Exist Delete Text String : " << text << endl;
      }
    }
};

int main() {
  Trie obj;
  obj.insert("cooky");
  obj.insert("cool");
  string text = "cooky";
  if (obj.search(text)) {
    cout << "Exist : " << text << endl;
  } else {
    cout << "Not Exist : " << text << endl;
  }
  obj.deleteText("cooky");
  if (obj.search(text)) {
    cout << "Exist : " << text << endl;
  } else {
    cout << "Not Exist : " << text << endl;
  }
  return 0;
}

Output

Exist : cooky
Delete Text cooky
Not Exist : cooky
/*
  Java program
  Trie Deletion
*/

class Node {
  //Indicates end of string
  public boolean end;

  public Node[] children;

  public Node(int size) {
    end = false;
    children = new Node[size];
  }
}
public class Trie {

  public int ALPHABETS = 26;

  public Node root;

  public Trie() {
    root = new Node(ALPHABETS);
  }
  //Search given text is exist in tire
  public boolean search(String text) {
    //first get the length of text
    int length = text.length();

    //This variable are used to task find the index location of character
    int index = 0;

    //get the root node
    Node head = root;

    for (int level = 0; level < length; level++) {
      //Get the index
      index = text.charAt(level) - 'a';

      if (head.children[index] == null) {
        return false;
      }

      head = head.children[index];
    }
    if (head != null && head.end == true) {
      return true;
    } else {
      return false;
    }
  }
  public void insert(String text) {
    //First get the length of text
    int length = text.length();

    //This variable are used to task find the index location of character
    int index = 0;

    //Get the root node
    Node head = root;

    for (int level = 0; level < length; level++) {
      //Get the index
      index = text.charAt(level) - 'a';

      if (head.children[index] == null) {
        //When need to add new Node
        head.children[index] = new Node(ALPHABETS);
      }

      head = head.children[index];
    }
    if (head != null) {
      //indicates end of string
      head.end = true;
    }
  }
  public boolean emptyNode(Node root) {

    for (int i = 0; i < ALPHABETS; i++) {
      if (root.children[i] != null) {
        return false;
      }
    }
    return true;
  }
  //Search given text is exist in tire
  public Node lastNode(String text) {
    //first get the length of text
    int length = text.length();

    //This variable are used to task find the index location of character
    int index = 0;

    //get the root node
    Node head = root;

    for (int level = 0; level < length; level++) {
      //Get the index
      index = text.charAt(level) - 'a';

      if (head.children[index] == null) {
        return null;
      }

      head = head.children[index];
    }
    if (head != null && head.end == true) {
      return head;
    } else {
      return null;
    }
  }
  public Node deleteNode(String text, Node root, int level) {

    if (root != null) {

      //if get last node of string
      if (level == text.length()) {

        if (emptyNode(root)) {
          return null;
        }
        return root;
      }

      int index = text.charAt(level) - 'a';

      root.children[index] =
        deleteNode(text, root.children[index], level + 1);

      if (root.end == false && emptyNode(root)) {
        return null;
      }

    }
    return root;

  }
  //This method are handle the request of deleted text in trie tree
  public void delete(String text) {
    //Get last node of deleted text
    Node last = lastNode(text);

    if (last != null) {

      if (emptyNode(last)) {
        //If last node of deleted text is not a part of other text string
        deleteNode(text, root, 0);
      } else {
        last.end = false;
      }

      System.out.println("Delete Text " + text);
    } else {
      //When node element are not exist
      System.out.println("Not Exist Delete Text String : " + text);
    }
  }
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    //Make object
    Trie obj = new Trie();

    obj.insert("cooky");
    obj.insert("cool");

    String text = "cooky";

    if (obj.search(text)) {
      System.out.println("Exist : " + text);
    } else {
      System.out.println("Not Exist : " + text);
    }

    obj.delete("cooky");

    //After Delete
    if (obj.search(text)) {
      System.out.println("Exist : " + text);
    } else {
      System.out.println("Not Exist : " + text);
    }
  }
}

Output

Exist : cooky
Delete Text cooky
Not Exist : cooky
Trie Delete Node
#Python Code
#Trie Deletion
class Node :

  def __init__(self,size) :
    self.end = False
    self.children = [None] * size
  

class Trie :
 
  def __init__(self) :
    self.ALPHABETS = 26
    self.root = Node(self.ALPHABETS)
  
  def search(self,text) :
    length = len(text)
    index = 0
    head = self.root
    level = 0
    while ( level < length ) :
      index =  ord(text[level]) - ord('a')
      if (head.children[index] == None) :
        return False
      
      head = head.children[index]
      level += 1
    if (head != None and head.end == True) :
      return True
    else :
      return False
    
  
  def insert(self,text) :
    length = len(text)
    index = 0
    head = self.root
    level = 0
    while ( level < length ) :
      index =  ord(text[level]) - ord('a')
      if (head.children[index] == None) :
        head.children[index] = Node(self.ALPHABETS)
      
      head = head.children[index]
      level += 1
    if (head != None) :
      head.end = True
    
  
  def emptyNode(self,root) :
    i = 0
    while ( i < self.ALPHABETS ) :
      if (self.root.children[i] != None) :
        return False
      i += 1
    
    return True
  
  def lastNode(self,text) :
    length = len(text)
    index = 0
    head = self.root
    level = 0
    while ( level < length ) :
      index = ord(text[level]) - ord('a')
      if (head.children[index] == None) :
        return None
      
      head = head.children[index]
      level += 1
    if (head != None and head.end == True) :
      return head
    else :
      return None
    
  
  def deleteNode(self,text, root, level) :
    if (self.root != None) :
      if (level == len(text)) :
        if (self.emptyNode(self.root)) :
          return None
        
        return self.root
      
      index = ord(text[level]) - ord('a')
      self.root.children[index] = self.deleteNode(text, self.root.children[index], level + 1)
      if (self.root.end == False and self.emptyNode(self.root)) :
        return None
      
    
    return self.root
  
  def delete(self,text) :
    last = self.lastNode(text)
    if (last != None) :
      if (self.emptyNode(last)) :
        self.deleteNode(text, self.root, 0)
      else :
        last.end = False
      
      print("Delete Text ", text)
    else :
      print("Not Exist Delete Text String : ", text)
    
  
def main() :
  obj = Trie()
  obj.insert("cooky")
  obj.insert("cool")
  text = "cooky"
  if (obj.search(text)) :
    print("Exist : ", text)
  else :
    print("Not Exist : ", text)
  
  obj.delete("cooky")
  if (obj.search(text)) :
    print("Exist : ", text)
  else :
    print("Not Exist : ", text)
    
  

if __name__ == "__main__":
  main()

Output

Exist :  cooky
Delete Text  cooky
Not Exist :  cooky
/*
  C# program
  Trie Deletion
*/
using System;
public class Node {
  //Indicates end of string
  public Boolean end;

  public Node[] children;

  public Node(int size) {
    end = false;
    children = new Node[size];
  }
}
public class Trie {

  public int ALPHABETS = 26;

  public Node root;

  public Trie() {
    root = new Node(ALPHABETS);
  }
  //Search given text is exist in tire
  public Boolean search(String text) {
    //first get the.Length of text
    int length = text.Length;

    //This variable are used to task find the index location of character
    int index = 0;

    //get the root node
    Node head = root;

    for (int level = 0; level < length; level++) {
      //Get the index
      index = text[level] - 'a';

      if (head.children[index] == null) {
        return false;
      }

      head = head.children[index];
    }
    if (head != null && head.end == true) {
      return true;
    } else {
      return false;
    }
  }
  public void insert(String text) {
    //First get the.Length of text
    int length = text.Length;

    //This variable are used to task find the index location of character
    int index = 0;

    //Get the root node
    Node head = root;

    for (int level = 0; level < length; level++) {
      //Get the index
      index = text[level] - 'a';

      if (head.children[index] == null) {
        //When need to add new Node
        head.children[index] = new Node(ALPHABETS);
      }

      head = head.children[index];
    }
    if (head != null) {
      //indicates end of string
      head.end = true;
    }
  }
  public Boolean emptyNode(Node root) {

    for (int i = 0; i < ALPHABETS; i++) {
      if (root.children[i] != null) {
        return false;
      }
    }
    return true;
  }
  //Search given text is exist in tire
  public Node lastNode(String text) {
    //first get the.Length of text
    int length = text.Length;

    //This variable are used to task find the index location of character
    int index = 0;

    //get the root node
    Node head = root;

    for (int level = 0; level < length; level++) {
      //Get the index
      index = text[level] - 'a';

      if (head.children[index] == null) {
        return null;
      }

      head = head.children[index];
    }
    if (head != null && head.end == true) {
      return head;
    } else {
      return null;
    }
  }
  public Node deleteNode(String text, Node root, int level) {

    if (root != null) {

      //if get last node of string
      if (level == text.Length) {

        if (emptyNode(root)) {
          return null;
        }
        return root;
      }

      int index = text[level] - 'a';

      root.children[index] =
        deleteNode(text, root.children[index], level + 1);

      if (root.end == false && emptyNode(root)) {
        return null;
      }

    }
    return root;

  }
  //This method are handle the request of deleted text in trie tree
  public void delete(String text) {
    //Get last node of deleted text
    Node last = lastNode(text);

    if (last != null) {

      if (emptyNode(last)) {
        //If last node of deleted text is not a part of other text string
        deleteNode(text, root, 0);
      } else {
        last.end = false;
      }

      Console.WriteLine("Delete Text " + text);
    } else {
      //When node element are not exist
      Console.WriteLine("Not Exist Delete Text String : " + text);
    }
  }
  public static void Main(String[] args) {
    //Make object
    Trie obj = new Trie();

    obj.insert("cooky");
    obj.insert("cool");

    String text = "cooky";

    if (obj.search(text)) {
      Console.WriteLine("Exist : " + text);
    } else {
      Console.WriteLine("Not Exist : " + text);
    }

    obj.delete("cooky");

    //After Delete
    if (obj.search(text)) {
      Console.WriteLine("Exist : " + text);
    } else {
      Console.WriteLine("Not Exist : " + text);
    }
  }
}

Output

Exist : cooky
Delete Text cooky
Not Exist : cooky
<?php

/*
  Php program
  Trie Deletion
*/
class Node {
  public $end;
  public $children;

  function __construct($size) {
    $this->end = false;
    $this->children = array_fill(0, $size, NULL);
  }
}
class Trie {
  public $ALPHABETS = 26;
  public $root;

  function __construct() {
    $this->root = new Node($this->ALPHABETS);
  }
  public function search($text) {
    $length = strlen($text);
    $index = 0;
    $head = $this->root;
    for ($level = 0; $level < $length; $level++) {
      $index = ord($text[$level]) - ord('a');
      if ($head->children[$index] == null) {
        return false;
      }
      $head = $head->children[$index];
    }
    if ($head != null && $head->end == true) {
      return true;
    } else {
      return false;
    }
  }
  public function insert($text) {
    $length = strlen($text);
    $index = 0;
    $head = $this->root;
    for ($level = 0; $level < $length; $level++) {
      $index = ord($text[$level]) - ord('a');
      if ($head->children[$index] == null) {
        $head->children[$index] = new Node($this->ALPHABETS);
      }
      $head = $head->children[$index];
    }
    if ($head != null) {
      $head->end = true;
    }
  }
  public function emptyNode($root) {
    for ($i = 0; $i < $this->ALPHABETS; $i++) {
      if ($this->root->children[$i] != null) {
        return false;
      }
    }
    return true;
  }
  public function lastNode($text) {
    $length = strlen($text);
    $index = 0;
    $head = $this->root;
    for ($level = 0; $level < $length; $level++) {
      $index = ord($text[$level]) - ord('a');
      if ($head->children[$index] == null) {
        return null;
      }
      $head = $head->children[$index];
    }
    if ($head != null && $head->end == true) {
      return $head;
    } else {
      return null;
    }
  }
  public function deleteNode($text, $root, $level) {
    if ($this->root != null) {
      if ($level == strlen($text)) {
        if ($this->emptyNode($this->root)) {
          return null;
        }
        return $this->root;
      }
      $index = ord($text[$level]) - ord('a');
      $this->root->children[$index] = $this->deleteNode($text, $this->root->children[$index], $level + 1);
      if ($this->root->end == false && $this->emptyNode($this->root)) {
        return null;
      }
    }
    return $this->root;
  }
  public function delete($text) {
    $last = $this->lastNode($text);
    if ($last != null) {
      if ($this->emptyNode($last)) {
        $this->deleteNode($text, $this->root, 0);
      } else {
        $last->end = false;
      }
      echo("Delete Text $text\n");
    } else {
      echo("Not Exist Delete Text String : $text\n");
    }
  }
}
function main() {
  $obj = new Trie();
  $obj->insert("cooky");
  $obj->insert("cool");
  $text = "cooky";
  if ($obj->search($text)) {
    echo ("Exist : $text\n");
  } else {
    echo("Not Exist : $text \n");
  }
  $obj->delete("cooky");
  if ($obj->search($text)) {
    echo("Exist : $text\n");
  } else {
    echo("Not Exist : $text\n");
  }
}
main();

Output

Exist : cooky
Delete Text cooky
Not Exist : cooky
#
#  Ruby program
#  Trie Deletion
#
class Node 
  attr_reader :end, :children
  attr_accessor :end, :children
  def initialize(size) 
    @end = false
    @children =  Array.new(size){nil}
  end
end

class Trie 
  attr_reader :ALPHABETS, :root
  attr_accessor :ALPHABETS, :root
  def initialize() 
    @ALPHABETS = 26
    @root = Node.new(@ALPHABETS)
  end
  def search(text) 
    length = text.length
    location = 0
    head = @root
    level = 0
    while ( level < length ) do
      location = text[level].ord-'a'.ord
      if (head.children[location] == nil) 
        return false
      end
      head = head.children[location]

      level += 1
    end
    if (head != nil and head.end == true) 
      return true
    else 
      return false
    end
  end
  def insert(text) 
    length = text.length
    location = 0
    head = @root
    level = 0
    while ( level < length ) 
      location = text[level].ord-'a'.ord
      if (head.children[location] == nil) 
        head.children[location] = Node.new(@ALPHABETS)
      end
      head = head.children[location]

      level += 1
    end
    if (head != nil) 
      head.end = true
    end
  end
  def emptyNode(root) 
    i = 0
    while ( i < @ALPHABETS ) 
      if (@root.children[i] != nil) 
        return false
      end
      i += 1
    end
    return true
  end
  def lastNode(text) 
    length = text.length
    location = 0
    head = @root
    level = 0
    while ( level < length ) 
      location = text[level].ord-'a'.ord
      if (head.children[location] == nil) 
        return nil
      end
      head = head.children[location]
      level += 1
    end
    if (head != nil and head.end == true) 
      return head
    else 
      return nil
    end
  end
  def deleteNode(text, root, level) 
    if (@root != nil) 
      if (level == text.length) 
        if (self.emptyNode(@root)) 
          return nil
        end
        return @root
      end
      location = text[level].ord-'a'.ord
      @root.children[location] = self.deleteNode(text, @root.children[location], level + 1)
      if (@root.end == false and self.emptyNode(@root)) 
        return nil
      end
    end
    return @root
  end
  def delete(text) 
    last = self.lastNode(text)
    if (last != nil) 
      if (self.emptyNode(last)) 
        self.deleteNode(text, @root, 0)
      else 
        last.end = false
      end
      print("Delete Text " + text + "\n")
    else 
      print("Not Exist Delete Text String  :" + text + "\n")
    end
  end
end



def main() 
  obj = Trie.new()
  obj.insert("cooky")
  obj.insert("cool")
  text = "cooky"
  if (obj.search(text)) 
    print("Exist  :" + text + "\n")
  else 
    print("Not Exist  :" + text + "\n")
  end
  obj.delete("cooky")
  if (obj.search(text)) 
    print("Exist  :" + text + "\n")
  else 
    print("Not Exist  :" + text + "\n")
  end
end
main()

Output

Exist  :cooky
Delete Text cooky
Not Exist  :cooky
/*
  Node JS program
  Trie Deletion
*/
class Node {
  
  constructor(size) {
    this.end = false;
    this.children = new Array(size).fill(null);
  }
}
class Trie {
  
  constructor() {
    this.ALPHABETS = 26;
    this.root = new Node(this.ALPHABETS);
  }
  search(text) {
    var length = text.length;
    var index = 0;
    var head = this.root;
    for (var level = 0; level < length; level++) {
      index = text.charCodeAt(level) - 'a'.charCodeAt(0);
      if (head.children[index] == null) {
        return false;
      }
      head = head.children[index];
    }
    if (head != null && head.end == true) {
      return true;
    } else {
      return false;
    }
  }
  insert(text) {
    var length = text.length;
    var index = 0;
    var head = this.root;
    for (var level = 0; level < length; level++) {
      index = text.charCodeAt(level) - 'a'.charCodeAt(0);
      if (head.children[index] == null) {
        head.children[index] = new Node(this.ALPHABETS);
      }
      head = head.children[index];
    }
    if (head != null) {
      head.end = true;
    }
  }
  emptyNode(root) {
    for (var i = 0; i < this.ALPHABETS; i++) {
      if (this.root.children[i] != null) {
        return false;
      }
    }
    return true;
  }
  lastNode(text) {
    var length = text.length;
    var index = 0;
    var head = this.root;
    for (var level = 0; level < length; level++) {
      index = text.charCodeAt(level) - 'a'.charCodeAt(0);
      if (head.children[index] == null) {
        return null;
      }
      head = head.children[index];
    }
    if (head != null && head.end == true) {
      return head;
    } else {
      return null;
    }
  }
  deleteNode(text, root, level) {
    if (this.root != null) {
      if (level == text.Length) {
        if (this.emptyNode(this.root)) {
          return null;
        }
        return this.root;
      }
      var index = text.charCodeAt(level) - 'a'.charCodeAt(0);
      this.root.children[index] = this.deleteNode(text, this.root.children[index], level + 1);
      if (this.root.end == false && this.emptyNode(this.root)) {
        return null;
      }
    }
    return this.root;
  }
  delete(text) {
    var last = this.lastNode(text);
    if (last != null) {
      if (this.emptyNode(last)) {
        this.deleteNode(text, this.root, 0);
      } else {
        last.end = false;
      }
      console.log ("Delete Text " + text);
    } else {
      console.log ("Not Exist Delete Text String : " + text);
    }
  }

}

function main() {
  var obj = new Trie();
  obj.insert("cooky");
  obj.insert("cool");
  var text = "cooky";
  if (obj.search(text)) {
    console.log ("Exist : " + text);
  } else {
    console.log ("Not Exist : " + text);
  }
  obj.delete("cooky");
  if (obj.search(text)) {
    console.log ("Exist : " + text);
  } else {
    console.log ("Not Exist : " + text);
  }
}
main();

Output

Exist : cooky
Delete Text cooky
Not Exist : cooky


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