Swift Extension

Extension are used to provide new features to existing classes, structure ,enumeration and protocol data types. We can define extension in using of following syntax.

extension extensionType{
//Provide definitions
}

Example of Extension

//Add extension to Int class

extension Int {
    //Adding on factorial calculation functionality to integer
    func factorial()->Int{
       if(self<=1) { return 1 }
       else { return self * (self-1).factorial() }
    }
}

var result = 4.factorial()
var data = 5

print("Factorial of 4: \(result)") 

result = data.factorial()

print("Factorial of \(data): \(result)") 

Output

Factorial of 4: 24
Factorial of 5: 120


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