Posted on by Kalkicode
Code Matrix

# Spiral traversal of matrix in c

``````/*
C Program for
Spiral form of matrix
*/
#include <stdio.h>

#define ROW 7
#define COL 6
void spiral(int data[ROW][COL], int s_row,
int s_col, int e_row,
int e_col, int element) {
// Left to right
for (int i = s_col; i <= e_col && element > 0; ++i) {
element--;
printf(" %3d", data[s_row][i]);
}
// Top to down
for (int i = s_row + 1; i <= e_row && element > 0; ++i) {
element--;
printf(" %3d", data[i][e_col]);
}
// Bottom right to bottom-left
for (int i = e_col - 1; i >= s_col && element > 0; --i) {
element--;
printf(" %3d", data[e_row][i]);
}
// Bottom left to top
for (int i = e_row - 1; i > s_row && element > 0; --i) {
element--;
printf(" %3d", data[i][s_row]);
}
if (s_row + 1 <= e_row - 1 && element > 0) {
// Recursive call
spiral(data, s_row + 1,
s_col + 1,
e_row - 1,
e_col - 1,
element);
}
}
int main() {
int arr[ROW][COL] = {
{1 ,  2 ,  3 ,  4 ,  5 ,  6} ,
{22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 7} ,
{21 , 36 , 37 , 38 , 27 , 8} ,
{20 , 35 , 42 , 39 , 28 , 9} ,
{19 , 34 , 41 , 40 , 29 , 10} ,
{18 , 33 , 32 , 31 , 30 , 11} ,
{17 , 16 , 15 , 14 , 13 , 12}
};
int element = COL * (ROW);
spiral(arr, 0, 0, ROW - 1, COL - 1, element);
return 0;
}``````

Output

``   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  25  26  27  28  29  30  31  32  33  34  35  36  37  38  39  40  41  42``

## Comment

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