Reverse a Doubly Linked List
The problem discussed here involves reversing a doubly linked list. A doubly linked list is a data structure where each node contains a value and two pointers, one pointing to the next node (in the forward direction) and another pointing to the previous node (in the backward direction). The task is to reverse the order of the nodes in the linked list while preserving the connections between them.
Given a doubly linked list, the objective is to reverse the order of the nodes, changing the head to point to the previously last node and the tail to point to the previously first node.
Idea to Solve
The idea to solve this problem is to iterate through the linked list while reversing the connections of each node. For each node, swap its next and prev pointers to reverse the order. Also, update the head and tail pointers accordingly.
Here's the pseudocode that outlines the algorithm to reverse a doubly linked list:
class LinkNode: int data LinkNode next LinkNode prev class DoublyLinkedList: LinkNode head LinkNode tail function reverse(): If head is null: Print "Empty Linked List" Else: Initialize temp node with head Initialize back node with null Update tail to head While temp is not null: Update head to temp Move temp to temp's next Update temp's prev to temp's next Update temp's next to back Update back to temp Create a DoublyLinkedList object Insert nodes into the object Display the linked list Call reverse function to reverse the linked list Display the reversed linked list
reversefunction checks if the list is empty. If it is, it prints "Empty Linked List." Otherwise, it initializes a temp node with the head and a back node with null. It also updates the tail pointer to point to the head since the tail will become the new head after reversing.
- The algorithm iterates through the linked list. For each node, it swaps the next and prev pointers to reverse the connections. It also updates the head pointer to the current node and moves the temp pointer to the next node. The back pointer is used to store the previous node in the reversed order.
- After the loop, the reversed list is constructed, and both the head-to-tail and tail-to-head connections are reversed.
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- Reversing a doubly linked list requires visiting each node once, so the time complexity is O(N), where N is the number of nodes in the linked list.