Recursive selection sort for singly linked list

Here given code implementation process.

// C program for 
// Recursive selection sort for singly linked list
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

// Linked List LinkNode
struct LinkNode
{
    int data;
    struct LinkNode *next;
};
// Singly linked list 
struct SingleLL
{
    struct LinkNode *head;
    struct LinkNode *tail;
};
// Returns the new linked list
struct SingleLL *newLinkedList()
{
    // Create memory of head and tail Nodes
    struct SingleLL *sll = (struct SingleLL *) malloc(sizeof(struct SingleLL));
    if (sll == NULL)
    {
        printf("Memory overflow\n");
    }
    else
    {
        sll->head = NULL;
        sll->tail = NULL;
    }
    return sll;
}

// Returns the new node of linked list
struct LinkNode * createNode(int data)
{

    // Create dynamic node
    struct LinkNode *node = (struct LinkNode *) malloc(sizeof(struct LinkNode));

    if (node == NULL)
    {
        printf("Memory overflow to Create LinkNode\n");
    }
    else
    {
        // Set initial node value
        node->data = data;
        node->next = NULL;
    }
    return node;
}

// Handles the request of adding new node in linked list
void addNode(struct SingleLL *sll, int data)
{
   
    struct LinkNode *node = createNode(data);

    if (sll->head == NULL)
    {
        sll->head = node;
    }
    else
    {
        // Append the node at last position
        sll->tail->next = node;
    }
    sll->tail = node;
}
// Display linked list element
void display(struct SingleLL *sll)
{
    if (sll->head == NULL)
    {
        return;
    }
    struct LinkNode *temp = sll->head;
    // iterating linked list elements
    while (temp != NULL)
    {
        printf(" %d →", temp->data);
        // Visit to next node
        temp = temp->next;
    }
    printf(" NULL\n");
}
// Implement selection sort in linked list
void selectionSort(struct SingleLL *sll, struct LinkNode * start)
{
    if(start == NULL)
    {
        // Stop recursion
        return;
    }
    
    // Define some auxiliary variables
    struct LinkNode*auxiliary = start;
    struct LinkNode*back      = NULL;
    struct LinkNode*min       = start;

    // Find minimum node in linked list
    while(auxiliary!=NULL && auxiliary->next != NULL)
    {
        if(min->data > auxiliary->next->data)
        {
            min = auxiliary->next;
            back = auxiliary;
        }

        // Visit to next node
        auxiliary = auxiliary->next;
    }
    auxiliary = start;

    if(auxiliary==min)
    {
        // Set new start node
        auxiliary  = min->next;
    }

    if(back!=NULL)
    {
        // Separate the new min element
        back->next = min->next;
    }
 
    // Set that there is no node after resultant minimum
    min->next = NULL;

    if(sll->head == NULL)
    {
        // When have first resultant node
        sll->head = min;
    }
    else
    {
        // Add resultant node at last position 
        sll->tail->next = min;
    }

    // Set new tail of linked list
    sll->tail = min;

    // Recursive, sort the elements of linked list
    selectionSort(sll,auxiliary);


    
}

// Handles the request of sorting linked list element
void  sortElement(struct SingleLL *sll)
{
    if(sll->head==NULL)
    {
        
        return;
    }
    struct LinkNode*temp = sll->head;

    sll->head = NULL;

    selectionSort(sll,temp);


    
}
int main(int argc, char const *argv[])
{
    struct SingleLL *sll = newLinkedList();

  
    //  1 →  17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL
    addNode(sll, 1);
    addNode(sll, 17);
    addNode(sll, -4);
    addNode(sll, 16);
    addNode(sll, -5);
    addNode(sll, 29);
    addNode(sll, 7);
    addNode(sll, 39);
    addNode(sll, 23);
  
    printf("\n Before Sort Linked List  : \n");
    display(sll);

    // Sort element 
    sortElement(sll);

    printf("\n After Sort Linked List  : \n");
    display(sll);
    return 0;
}

input

 Before Sort Linked List  :
 1 → 17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL

 After Sort Linked List  :
 -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
/*
  Java Program for 
  Recursive selection sort for singly linked list
*/
// Linked list node
class LinkNode
{
	public int data;
	public LinkNode next;
	public LinkNode(int data)
	{
		this.data = data;
		this.next = null;
	}
}
public class SingleLL
{
	public LinkNode head;
	public LinkNode tail;
	public SingleLL()
	{
		this.head = null;
		this.tail = null;
	}
	// Add new Node at end of linked list 
	public void addNode(int data)
	{
		LinkNode node = new LinkNode(data);
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			this.head = node;
		}
		else
		{
			// Append the node at last position
			this.tail.next = node;
		}
		this.tail = node;
	}
	// Display linked list element
	public void display()
	{
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			System.out.println("\n Empty linked list");
			return;
		}
		LinkNode temp = this.head;
		//iterating linked list elements
		while (temp != null)
		{
			System.out.print(" " + temp.data + " →");
			// Visit to next node
			temp = temp.next;
		}
		System.out.print(" NULL\n");
	}
	// Implement selection sort in linked list
	public void selectionSort(LinkNode start)
	{
		if (start == null)
		{
			// Stop recursion
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		LinkNode auxiliary = start;
		LinkNode back = null;
		LinkNode min = start;
		// Find minimum node in linked list
		while (auxiliary != null && auxiliary.next != null)
		{
			if (min.data > auxiliary.next.data)
			{
				min = auxiliary.next;
				back = auxiliary;
			}
			// Visit to next node
			auxiliary = auxiliary.next;
		}
		auxiliary = start;
		if (auxiliary == min)
		{
			// Set new start node
			auxiliary = min.next;
		}
		if (back != null)
		{
			// Separate the new min element
			back.next = min.next;
		}
		// Set that there is no node after resultant minimum
		min.next = null;
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			// When have first resultant node
			this.head = min;
		}
		else
		{
			// Add resultant node at last position 
			this.tail.next = min;
		}
		// Set new tail of linked list
		this.tail = min;
		// Recursive, sort the elements of linked list
		selectionSort(auxiliary);
	}
	// Handles the request of sorting linked list element
	public void sortElement()
	{
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			return;
		}
		LinkNode temp = this.head;
		this.head = null;
		selectionSort(temp);
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		SingleLL sll = new SingleLL();
		// Construct linked list
		sll.addNode(1);
		sll.addNode(17);
		sll.addNode(-4);
		sll.addNode(16);
		sll.addNode(-5);
		sll.addNode(29);
		sll.addNode(7);
		sll.addNode(39);
		sll.addNode(23);
		System.out.print("\n Before Sort Linked List : \n");
		//  1 →  17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL
		sll.display();
		// Sort element 
		sll.sortElement();
		System.out.print("\n After Sort Linked List : \n");
		// -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
		sll.display();
	}
}

input

 Before Sort Linked List :
 1 → 17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL

 After Sort Linked List :
 -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
// Include header file
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

/*
  C++ Program for 
  Recursive selection sort for singly linked list
*/

// Linked list node
class LinkNode
{
	public: 
    int data;
	LinkNode *next;
	LinkNode(int data)
	{
		this->data = data;
		this->next = NULL;
	}
};
class SingleLL
{
	public: 
    LinkNode *head;
	LinkNode *tail;
	SingleLL()
	{
		this->head = NULL;
		this->tail = NULL;
	}
	// Add new Node at end of linked list 
	void addNode(int data)
	{
		LinkNode *node = new LinkNode(data);
		if (this->head == NULL)
		{
			this->head = node;
		}
		else
		{
			// Append the node at last position
			this->tail->next = node;
		}
		this->tail = node;
	}
	// Display linked list element
	void display()
	{
		if (this->head == NULL)
		{
			cout << "\n Empty linked list" << endl;
			return;
		}
		LinkNode *temp = this->head;
		//iterating linked list elements
		while (temp != NULL)
		{
			cout << " " << temp->data << " →";
			// Visit to next node
			temp = temp->next;
		}
		cout << " NULL\n";
	}
	// Implement selection sort in linked list
	void selectionSort(LinkNode *start)
	{
		if (start == NULL)
		{
			// Stop recursion
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		LinkNode *auxiliary = start;
		LinkNode *back = NULL;
		LinkNode *min = start;
		// Find minimum node in linked list
		while (auxiliary != NULL && auxiliary->next != NULL)
		{
			if (min->data > auxiliary->next->data)
			{
				min = auxiliary->next;
				back = auxiliary;
			}
			// Visit to next node
			auxiliary = auxiliary->next;
		}
		auxiliary = start;
		if (auxiliary == min)
		{
			// Set new start node
			auxiliary = min->next;
		}
		if (back != NULL)
		{
			// Separate the new min element
			back->next = min->next;
		}
		// Set that there is no node after resultant minimum
		min->next = NULL;
		if (this->head == NULL)
		{
			// When have first resultant node
			this->head = min;
		}
		else
		{
			// Add resultant node at last position 
			this->tail->next = min;
		}
		// Set new tail of linked list
		this->tail = min;
		// Recursive, sort the elements of linked list
		this->selectionSort(auxiliary);
	}
	// Handles the request of sorting linked list element
	void sortElement()
	{
		if (this->head == NULL)
		{
			return;
		}
		LinkNode *temp = this->head;
		this->head = NULL;
		this->selectionSort(temp);
	}
};
int main()
{
	SingleLL *sll = new SingleLL();
	// Construct linked list
	sll->addNode(1);
	sll->addNode(17);
	sll->addNode(-4);
	sll->addNode(16);
	sll->addNode(-5);
	sll->addNode(29);
	sll->addNode(7);
	sll->addNode(39);
	sll->addNode(23);
	cout << "\n Before Sort Linked List : \n";
	//  1 →  17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL
	sll->display();
	// Sort element 
	sll->sortElement();
	cout << "\n After Sort Linked List : \n";
	// -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
	sll->display();
	return 0;
}

input

 Before Sort Linked List :
 1 → 17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL

 After Sort Linked List :
 -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
// Include namespace system
using System;
/*
  Csharp Program for 
  Recursive selection sort for singly linked list
*/
// Linked list node
public class LinkNode
{
	public int data;
	public LinkNode next;
	public LinkNode(int data)
	{
		this.data = data;
		this.next = null;
	}
}
public class SingleLL
{
	public LinkNode head;
	public LinkNode tail;
	public SingleLL()
	{
		this.head = null;
		this.tail = null;
	}
	// Add new Node at end of linked list 
	public void addNode(int data)
	{
		LinkNode node = new LinkNode(data);
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			this.head = node;
		}
		else
		{
			// Append the node at last position
			this.tail.next = node;
		}
		this.tail = node;
	}
	// Display linked list element
	public void display()
	{
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			Console.WriteLine("\n Empty linked list");
			return;
		}
		LinkNode temp = this.head;
		//iterating linked list elements
		while (temp != null)
		{
			Console.Write(" " + temp.data + " →");
			// Visit to next node
			temp = temp.next;
		}
		Console.Write(" NULL\n");
	}
	// Implement selection sort in linked list
	public void selectionSort(LinkNode start)
	{
		if (start == null)
		{
			// Stop recursion
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		LinkNode auxiliary = start;
		LinkNode back = null;
		LinkNode min = start;
		// Find minimum node in linked list
		while (auxiliary != null && auxiliary.next != null)
		{
			if (min.data > auxiliary.next.data)
			{
				min = auxiliary.next;
				back = auxiliary;
			}
			// Visit to next node
			auxiliary = auxiliary.next;
		}
		auxiliary = start;
		if (auxiliary == min)
		{
			// Set new start node
			auxiliary = min.next;
		}
		if (back != null)
		{
			// Separate the new min element
			back.next = min.next;
		}
		// Set that there is no node after resultant minimum
		min.next = null;
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			// When have first resultant node
			this.head = min;
		}
		else
		{
			// Add resultant node at last position 
			this.tail.next = min;
		}
		// Set new tail of linked list
		this.tail = min;
		// Recursive, sort the elements of linked list
		this.selectionSort(auxiliary);
	}
	// Handles the request of sorting linked list element
	public void sortElement()
	{
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			return;
		}
		LinkNode temp = this.head;
		this.head = null;
		this.selectionSort(temp);
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		SingleLL sll = new SingleLL();
		// Construct linked list
		sll.addNode(1);
		sll.addNode(17);
		sll.addNode(-4);
		sll.addNode(16);
		sll.addNode(-5);
		sll.addNode(29);
		sll.addNode(7);
		sll.addNode(39);
		sll.addNode(23);
		Console.Write("\n Before Sort Linked List : \n");
		//  1 →  17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL
		sll.display();
		// Sort element 
		sll.sortElement();
		Console.Write("\n After Sort Linked List : \n");
		// -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
		sll.display();
	}
}

input

 Before Sort Linked List :
 1 → 17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL

 After Sort Linked List :
 -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
<?php
/*
  Php Program for 
  Recursive selection sort for singly linked list
*/
// Linked list node
class LinkNode
{
	public $data;
	public $next;
	public	function __construct($data)
	{
		$this->data = $data;
		$this->next = NULL;
	}
}
class SingleLL
{
	public $head;
	public $tail;
	public	function __construct()
	{
		$this->head = NULL;
		$this->tail = NULL;
	}
	// Add new Node at end of linked list 
	public	function addNode($data)
	{
		$node = new LinkNode($data);
		if ($this->head == NULL)
		{
			$this->head = $node;
		}
		else
		{
			// Append the node at last position
			$this->tail->next = $node;
		}
		$this->tail = $node;
	}
	// Display linked list element
	public	function display()
	{
		if ($this->head == NULL)
		{
			echo("\n Empty linked list".
				"\n");
			return;
		}
		$temp = $this->head;
		//iterating linked list elements
		while ($temp != NULL)
		{
			echo(" ".$temp->data.
				" →");
			// Visit to next node
			$temp = $temp->next;
		}
		echo(" NULL\n");
	}
	// Implement selection sort in linked list
	public	function selectionSort($start)
	{
		if ($start == NULL)
		{
			// Stop recursion
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		$auxiliary = $start;
		$back = NULL;
		$min = $start;
		// Find minimum node in linked list
		while ($auxiliary != NULL && $auxiliary->next != NULL)
		{
			if ($min->data > $auxiliary->next->data)
			{
				$min = $auxiliary->next;
				$back = $auxiliary;
			}
			// Visit to next node
			$auxiliary = $auxiliary->next;
		}
		$auxiliary = $start;
		if ($auxiliary == $min)
		{
			// Set new start node
			$auxiliary = $min->next;
		}
		if ($back != NULL)
		{
			// Separate the new min element
			$back->next = $min->next;
		}
		// Set that there is no node after resultant minimum
		$min->next = NULL;
		if ($this->head == NULL)
		{
			// When have first resultant node
			$this->head = $min;
		}
		else
		{
			// Add resultant node at last position 
			$this->tail->next = $min;
		}
		// Set new tail of linked list
		$this->tail = $min;
		// Recursive, sort the elements of linked list
		$this->selectionSort($auxiliary);
	}
	// Handles the request of sorting linked list element
	public	function sortElement()
	{
		if ($this->head == NULL)
		{
			return;
		}
		$temp = $this->head;
		$this->head = NULL;
		$this->selectionSort($temp);
	}
}

function main()
{
	$sll = new SingleLL();
	// Construct linked list
	$sll->addNode(1);
	$sll->addNode(17);
	$sll->addNode(-4);
	$sll->addNode(16);
	$sll->addNode(-5);
	$sll->addNode(29);
	$sll->addNode(7);
	$sll->addNode(39);
	$sll->addNode(23);
	echo("\n Before Sort Linked List : \n");
	//  1 →  17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL
	$sll->display();
	// Sort element 
	$sll->sortElement();
	echo("\n After Sort Linked List : \n");
	// -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
	$sll->display();
}
main();

input

 Before Sort Linked List :
 1 → 17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL

 After Sort Linked List :
 -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
/*
  Node JS Program for 
  Recursive selection sort for singly linked list
*/
// Linked list node
class LinkNode
{
	constructor(data)
	{
		this.data = data;
		this.next = null;
	}
}
class SingleLL
{
	constructor()
	{
		this.head = null;
		this.tail = null;
	}
	// Add new Node at end of linked list 
	addNode(data)
	{
		var node = new LinkNode(data);
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			this.head = node;
		}
		else
		{
			// Append the node at last position
			this.tail.next = node;
		}
		this.tail = node;
	}
	// Display linked list element
	display()
	{
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			console.log("\n Empty linked list");
			return;
		}
		var temp = this.head;
		//iterating linked list elements
		while (temp != null)
		{
			process.stdout.write(" " + temp.data + " →");
			// Visit to next node
			temp = temp.next;
		}
		process.stdout.write(" NULL\n");
	}
	// Implement selection sort in linked list
	selectionSort(start)
	{
		if (start == null)
		{
			// Stop recursion
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		var auxiliary = start;
		var back = null;
		var min = start;
		// Find minimum node in linked list
		while (auxiliary != null && auxiliary.next != null)
		{
			if (min.data > auxiliary.next.data)
			{
				min = auxiliary.next;
				back = auxiliary;
			}
			// Visit to next node
			auxiliary = auxiliary.next;
		}
		auxiliary = start;
		if (auxiliary == min)
		{
			// Set new start node
			auxiliary = min.next;
		}
		if (back != null)
		{
			// Separate the new min element
			back.next = min.next;
		}
		// Set that there is no node after resultant minimum
		min.next = null;
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			// When have first resultant node
			this.head = min;
		}
		else
		{
			// Add resultant node at last position 
			this.tail.next = min;
		}
		// Set new tail of linked list
		this.tail = min;
		// Recursive, sort the elements of linked list
		this.selectionSort(auxiliary);
	}
	// Handles the request of sorting linked list element
	sortElement()
	{
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			return;
		}
		var temp = this.head;
		this.head = null;
		this.selectionSort(temp);
	}
}

function main()
{
	var sll = new SingleLL();
	// Construct linked list
	sll.addNode(1);
	sll.addNode(17);
	sll.addNode(-4);
	sll.addNode(16);
	sll.addNode(-5);
	sll.addNode(29);
	sll.addNode(7);
	sll.addNode(39);
	sll.addNode(23);
	process.stdout.write("\n Before Sort Linked List : \n");
	//  1 →  17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL
	sll.display();
	// Sort element 
	sll.sortElement();
	process.stdout.write("\n After Sort Linked List : \n");
	// -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
	sll.display();
}
main();

input

 Before Sort Linked List :
 1 → 17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL

 After Sort Linked List :
 -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
#  Python 3 Program for 
#  Recursive selection sort for singly linked list

#  Linked list node
class LinkNode :
	def __init__(self, data) :
		self.data = data
		self.next = None
	

class SingleLL :
	def __init__(self) :
		self.head = None
		self.tail = None
	
	#  Add new Node at end of linked list 
	def addNode(self, data) :
		node = LinkNode(data)
		if (self.head == None) :
			self.head = node
		else :
			#  Append the node at last position
			self.tail.next = node
		
		self.tail = node
	
	#  Display linked list element
	def display(self) :
		if (self.head == None) :
			print("\n Empty linked list")
			return
		
		temp = self.head
		# iterating linked list elements
		while (temp != None) :
			print("", temp.data ,"→", end = "")
			#  Visit to next node
			temp = temp.next
		
		print(" NULL")
	
	#  Implement selection sort in linked list
	def selectionSort(self, start) :
		if (start == None) :
			#  Stop recursion
			return
		
		#  Define some auxiliary variables
		auxiliary = start
		back = None
		min = start
		#  Find minimum node in linked list
		while (auxiliary != None and auxiliary.next != None) :
			if (min.data > auxiliary.next.data) :
				min = auxiliary.next
				back = auxiliary
			
			#  Visit to next node
			auxiliary = auxiliary.next
		
		auxiliary = start
		if (auxiliary == min) :
			#  Set new start node
			auxiliary = min.next
		
		if (back != None) :
			#  Separate the new min element
			back.next = min.next
		
		#  Set that there is no node after resultant minimum
		min.next = None
		if (self.head == None) :
			#  When have first resultant node
			self.head = min
		else :
			#  Add resultant node at last position 
			self.tail.next = min
		
		#  Set new tail of linked list
		self.tail = min
		#  Recursive, sort the elements of linked list
		self.selectionSort(auxiliary)
	
	#  Handles the request of sorting linked list element
	def sortElement(self) :
		if (self.head == None) :
			return
		
		temp = self.head
		self.head = None
		self.selectionSort(temp)
	

def main() :
	sll = SingleLL()
	#  Construct linked list
	sll.addNode(1)
	sll.addNode(17)
	sll.addNode(-4)
	sll.addNode(16)
	sll.addNode(-5)
	sll.addNode(29)
	sll.addNode(7)
	sll.addNode(39)
	sll.addNode(23)
	print("\n Before Sort Linked List : ")
	#   1 →  17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL
	sll.display()
	#  Sort element 
	sll.sortElement()
	print("\n After Sort Linked List : ")
	#  -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
	sll.display()

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

input

 Before Sort Linked List :
 1 → 17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL

 After Sort Linked List :
 -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
#  Ruby Program for 
#  Recursive selection sort for singly linked list

#  Linked list node
class LinkNode 
	# Define the accessor and reader of class LinkNode
	attr_reader :data, :next
	attr_accessor :data, :next
	def initialize(data) 
		self.data = data
		self.next = nil
	end

end

class SingleLL 
	# Define the accessor and reader of class SingleLL
	attr_reader :head, :tail
	attr_accessor :head, :tail
	def initialize() 
		self.head = nil
		self.tail = nil
	end

	#  Add new Node at end of linked list 
	def addNode(data) 
		node = LinkNode.new(data)
		if (self.head == nil) 
			self.head = node
		else 
			#  Append the node at last position
			self.tail.next = node
		end

		self.tail = node
	end

	#  Display linked list element
	def display() 
		if (self.head == nil) 
			print("\n Empty linked list", "\n")
			return
		end

		temp = self.head
		# iterating linked list elements
		while (temp != nil) 
			print(" ", temp.data ," →")
			#  Visit to next node
			temp = temp.next
		end

		print(" NULL\n")
	end

	#  Implement selection sort in linked list
	def selectionSort(start) 
		if (start == nil) 
			#  Stop recursion
			return
		end

		#  Define some auxiliary variables
		auxiliary = start
		back = nil
		min = start
		#  Find minimum node in linked list
		while (auxiliary != nil && auxiliary.next != nil) 
			if (min.data > auxiliary.next.data) 
				min = auxiliary.next
				back = auxiliary
			end

			#  Visit to next node
			auxiliary = auxiliary.next
		end

		auxiliary = start
		if (auxiliary == min) 
			#  Set new start node
			auxiliary = min.next
		end

		if (back != nil) 
			#  Separate the new min element
			back.next = min.next
		end

		#  Set that there is no node after resultant minimum
		min.next = nil
		if (self.head == nil) 
			#  When have first resultant node
			self.head = min
		else 
			#  Add resultant node at last position 
			self.tail.next = min
		end

		#  Set new tail of linked list
		self.tail = min
		#  Recursive, sort the elements of linked list
		self.selectionSort(auxiliary)
	end

	#  Handles the request of sorting linked list element
	def sortElement() 
		if (self.head == nil) 
			return
		end

		temp = self.head
		self.head = nil
		self.selectionSort(temp)
	end

end

def main() 
	sll = SingleLL.new()
	#  Construct linked list
	sll.addNode(1)
	sll.addNode(17)
	sll.addNode(-4)
	sll.addNode(16)
	sll.addNode(-5)
	sll.addNode(29)
	sll.addNode(7)
	sll.addNode(39)
	sll.addNode(23)
	print("\n Before Sort Linked List : \n")
	#   1 →  17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL
	sll.display()
	#  Sort element 
	sll.sortElement()
	print("\n After Sort Linked List : \n")
	#  -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
	sll.display()
end

main()

input

 Before Sort Linked List : 
 1 → 17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL

 After Sort Linked List : 
 -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
/*
  Scala Program for 
  Recursive selection sort for singly linked list
*/
// Linked list node
class LinkNode(var data: Int , var next: LinkNode)
{
	def this(data: Int)
	{
		this(data,null);
	}
}
class SingleLL(var head: LinkNode , var tail: LinkNode)
{
	def this()
	{
		this(null,null);
	}
	// Add new Node at end of linked list 
	def addNode(data: Int): Unit = {
		var node: LinkNode = new LinkNode(data);
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			this.head = node;
		}
		else
		{
			// Append the node at last position
			this.tail.next = node;
		}
		this.tail = node;
	}
	// Display linked list element
	def display(): Unit = {
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			println("\n Empty linked list");
			return;
		}
		var temp: LinkNode = this.head;
		//iterating linked list elements
		while (temp != null)
		{
			print(" " + temp.data + " →");
			// Visit to next node
			temp = temp.next;
		}
		print(" NULL\n");
	}
	// Implement selection sort in linked list
	def selectionSort(start: LinkNode): Unit = {
		if (start == null)
		{
			// Stop recursion
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		var auxiliary: LinkNode = start;
		var back: LinkNode = null;
		var min: LinkNode = start;
		// Find minimum node in linked list
		while (auxiliary != null && auxiliary.next != null)
		{
			if (min.data > auxiliary.next.data)
			{
				min = auxiliary.next;
				back = auxiliary;
			}
			// Visit to next node
			auxiliary = auxiliary.next;
		}
		auxiliary = start;
		if (auxiliary == min)
		{
			// Set new start node
			auxiliary = min.next;
		}
		if (back != null)
		{
			// Separate the new min element
			back.next = min.next;
		}
		// Set that there is no node after resultant minimum
		min.next = null;
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			// When have first resultant node
			this.head = min;
		}
		else
		{
			// Add resultant node at last position 
			this.tail.next = min;
		}
		// Set new tail of linked list
		this.tail = min;
		// Recursive, sort the elements of linked list
		selectionSort(auxiliary);
	}
	// Handles the request of sorting linked list element
	def sortElement(): Unit = {
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			return;
		}
		var temp: LinkNode = this.head;
		this.head = null;
		selectionSort(temp);
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		var sll: SingleLL = new SingleLL();
		// Construct linked list
		sll.addNode(1);
		sll.addNode(17);
		sll.addNode(-4);
		sll.addNode(16);
		sll.addNode(-5);
		sll.addNode(29);
		sll.addNode(7);
		sll.addNode(39);
		sll.addNode(23);
		print("\n Before Sort Linked List : \n");
		//  1 →  17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL
		sll.display();
		// Sort element 
		sll.sortElement();
		print("\n After Sort Linked List : \n");
		// -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
		sll.display();
	}
}

input

 Before Sort Linked List :
 1 → 17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL

 After Sort Linked List :
 -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
/*
  Swift 4 Program for 
  Recursive selection sort for singly linked list
*/
// Linked list node
class LinkNode
{
	var data: Int;
	var next: LinkNode? ;
	init(_ data: Int)
	{
		self.data = data;
		self.next = nil;
	}
}
class SingleLL
{
	var head: LinkNode? ;
	var tail: LinkNode? ;
	init()
	{
		self.head = nil;
		self.tail = nil;
	}
	// Add new Node at end of linked list 
	func addNode(_ data: Int)
	{
		let node: LinkNode = LinkNode(data);
		if (self.head == nil)
		{
			self.head = node;
		}
		else
		{
			// Append the node at last position
			self.tail!.next = node;
		}
		self.tail = node;
	}
	// Display linked list element
	func display()
	{
		if (self.head == nil)
		{
			print("\n Empty linked list");
			return;
		}
		var temp: LinkNode? = self.head;
		//iterating linked list elements
		while (temp  != nil)
		{
			print("", temp!.data ,"→", terminator: "");
			// Visit to next node
			temp = temp!.next;
		}
		print(" NULL");
	}
	// Implement selection sort in linked list
	func selectionSort(_ start: LinkNode? )
	{
		if (start == nil)
		{
			// Stop recursion
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		var auxiliary: LinkNode? = start;
		var back: LinkNode? = nil;
		var min: LinkNode? = start;
		// Find minimum node in linked list
		while (auxiliary  != nil && auxiliary!.next  != nil)
		{
			if (min!.data > auxiliary!.next!.data)
			{
				min = auxiliary!.next;
				back = auxiliary;
			}
			// Visit to next node
			auxiliary = auxiliary!.next;
		}
		auxiliary = start;
		if (auxiliary === min)
		{
			// Set new start node
			auxiliary = min!.next;
		}
		if (back  != nil)
		{
			// Separate the new min element
			back!.next = min!.next;
		}
		// Set that there is no node after resultant minimum
		min!.next = nil;
		if (self.head == nil)
		{
			// When have first resultant node
			self.head = min;
		}
		else
		{
			// Add resultant node at last position 
			self.tail!.next = min;
		}
		// Set new tail of linked list
		self.tail = min;
		// Recursive, sort the elements of linked list
		self.selectionSort(auxiliary);
	}
	// Handles the request of sorting linked list element
	func sortElement()
	{
		if (self.head == nil)
		{
			return;
		}
		let temp: LinkNode? = self.head;
		self.head = nil;
		self.selectionSort(temp);
	}
}
func main()
{
	let sll: SingleLL = SingleLL();
	// Construct linked list
	sll.addNode(1);
	sll.addNode(17);
	sll.addNode(-4);
	sll.addNode(16);
	sll.addNode(-5);
	sll.addNode(29);
	sll.addNode(7);
	sll.addNode(39);
	sll.addNode(23);
	print("\n Before Sort Linked List : ");
	//  1 →  17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL
	sll.display();
	// Sort element 
	sll.sortElement();
	print("\n After Sort Linked List : ");
	// -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
	sll.display();
}
main();

input

 Before Sort Linked List :
 1 → 17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL

 After Sort Linked List :
 -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
/*
  Kotlin Program for 
  Recursive selection sort for singly linked list
*/
// Linked list node
class LinkNode
{
	var data: Int;
	var next: LinkNode ? ;
	constructor(data: Int)
	{
		this.data = data;
		this.next = null;
	}
}
class SingleLL
{
	var head: LinkNode ? ;
	var tail: LinkNode ? ;
	constructor()
	{
		this.head = null;
		this.tail = null;
	}
	// Add new Node at end of linked list 
	fun addNode(data: Int): Unit
	{
		val node: LinkNode = LinkNode(data);
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			this.head = node;
		}
		else
		{
			// Append the node at last position
			this.tail?.next = node;
		}
		this.tail = node;
	}
	// Display linked list element
	fun display(): Unit
	{
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			println("\n Empty linked list");
			return;
		}
		var temp: LinkNode ? = this.head;
		//iterating linked list elements
		while (temp != null)
		{
			print(" " + temp.data + " →");
			// Visit to next node
			temp = temp.next;
		}
		print(" NULL\n");
	}
	// Implement selection sort in linked list
	fun selectionSort(start: LinkNode ? ): Unit
	{
		if (start == null)
		{
			// Stop recursion
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		var auxiliary: LinkNode ? = start;
		var back: LinkNode ? = null;
		var min: LinkNode ? = start;
		// Find minimum node in linked list
		while (auxiliary != null && auxiliary.next != null)
		{
			if (min!!.data > auxiliary.next!!.data)
			{
				min = auxiliary.next;
				back = auxiliary;
			}
			// Visit to next node
			auxiliary = auxiliary.next;
		}
		auxiliary = start;
		if (auxiliary == min)
		{
			// Set new start node
			auxiliary = min.next;
		}
		if (back != null)
		{
			// Separate the new min element
			back.next = min?.next;
		}
		// Set that there is no node after resultant minimum
		min?.next = null;
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			// When have first resultant node
			this.head = min;
		}
		else
		{
			// Add resultant node at last position 
			this.tail?.next = min;
		}
		// Set new tail of linked list
		this.tail = min;
		// Recursive, sort the elements of linked list
		this.selectionSort(auxiliary);
	}
	// Handles the request of sorting linked list element
	fun sortElement(): Unit
	{
		if (this.head == null)
		{
			return;
		}
		var temp: LinkNode ? = this.head;
		this.head = null;
		this.selectionSort(temp);
	}
}
fun main(args: Array < String > ): Unit
{
	val sll: SingleLL = SingleLL();
	// Construct linked list
	sll.addNode(1);
	sll.addNode(17);
	sll.addNode(-4);
	sll.addNode(16);
	sll.addNode(-5);
	sll.addNode(29);
	sll.addNode(7);
	sll.addNode(39);
	sll.addNode(23);
	print("\n Before Sort Linked List : \n");
	//  1 →  17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL
	sll.display();
	// Sort element 
	sll.sortElement();
	print("\n After Sort Linked List : \n");
	// -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL
	sll.display();
}

input

 Before Sort Linked List :
 1 → 17 → -4 → 16 → -5 → 29 → 7 → 39 → 23 → NULL

 After Sort Linked List :
 -5 → -4 → 1 → 7 → 16 → 17 → 23 → 29 → 39 → NULL


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