Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap

Here given code implementation process.

// C Program
// Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap
#include <stdio.h>

//Swap two element in array
void swap(int arr[], int first, int second)
{
	int auxiliary = arr[first];
	arr[first] = arr[second];
	arr[second] = auxiliary;
}
// This is converting given root and its leaf into a valid min heap form
void minHeap(int arr[], int size, int root)
{
	int left = 2 *root + 1;
	int right = 2 *root + 2;
	int task = -1;
	if (left < size && arr[left] < arr[root])
	{
		if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[left])
		{
			// When right child is less than left child
			swap(arr, right, root);
			task = right;
		}
		else
		{
			// When left child is less than root node
			swap(arr, left, root);
			task = left;
		}
	}
	else if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[root])
	{
		// When right child is less than root node
		swap(arr, right, root);
		task = right;
	}
	if (task != -1)
	{
		// Execute function until when changes are required
		minHeap(arr, size, task);
	}
}
// Show array elements
void printData(int arr[], int size)
{
	printf("\n");
	for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
	{
		printf("%3d", arr[i]);
	}
}
// Display leaf nodes
void leafNodes(int node[], int size, int root)
{
	if (root < size)
	{
		if ((2 *root + 1) >= size && (2 *root + 2) >= size)
		{
			printf("%3d", node[root]);
		}
		// Recursive visit to child node
		leafNodes(node, size, 2 *root + 1);
		leafNodes(node, size, 2 *root + 2);
	}
}
// Handles the request of construct min heap in given array
void buildMinHeap(int arr[], int size)
{
	for (int i = (size / 2); i >= 0; i--)
	{
		minHeap(arr, size, i);
	}
}
int main()
{
	// Array elements
	int arr[] = {
		4 , 7 , 8 , 2 , 9 , 3 , 1 , 6 , 10
	};
	// Find number of element in array
	int size = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
	buildMinHeap(arr, size);
	/*
	    Construct Min heap

	          1
	        /   \
	       /     \
	      2       3
	     /  \    /  \
	    6    9  4    8
	   / \   
	  7   10 
	*/
	printf("\n Construct Min Heap ");
	//Display heap elements
	printData(arr, size);
	printf("\n Leaf nodes \n");
	leafNodes(arr, size, 0);
	return 0;
}

Output

 Construct Min Heap
  1  2  3  6  9  4  8  7 10
 Leaf nodes
  7 10  9  4  8
/*
  Java program
  Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap
*/
public class MinHeap
{
	//Swap two element in array
	public void swap(int[] arr, int first, int second)
	{
		int auxiliary = arr[first];
		arr[first] = arr[second];
		arr[second] = auxiliary;
	}
	// This is converting given root and its leaf into a valid min heap form
	public void minHeap(int[] arr, int size, int root)
	{
		int left = 2 * root + 1;
		int right = 2 * root + 2;
		int task = -1;
		if (left < size && arr[left] < arr[root])
		{
			if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[left])
			{
				// When right child is less than left child
				swap(arr, right, root);
				task = right;
			}
			else
			{
				// When left child is less than root node
				swap(arr, left, root);
				task = left;
			}
		}
		else if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[root])
		{
			// When right child is less than root node
			swap(arr, right, root);
			task = right;
		}
		if (task != -1)
		{
			// Execute function until when changes are required
			minHeap(arr, size, task);
		}
	}
	// Show array elements
	public void printData(int[] arr, int size)
	{
		System.out.print("\n");
		for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
		{
			System.out.print("  " + arr[i]);
		}
	}
	// Display leaf nodes
	public void leafNodes(int[] node, int size, int root)
	{
		if (root < size)
		{
			if ((2 * root + 1) >= size && (2 * root + 2) >= size)
			{
				System.out.print("  " + node[root]);
			}
			// Recursive visit to child node
			leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 1);
			leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 2);
		}
	}
	// Handles the request of construct min heap in given array
	public void buildMinHeap(int[] arr, int size)
	{
		for (int i = (size / 2); i >= 0; i--)
		{
			minHeap(arr, size, i);
		}
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		MinHeap task = new MinHeap();
		// Array elements
		int[] arr = {
			4 , 7 , 8 , 2 , 9 , 3 , 1 , 6 , 10
		};
		// Find number of element in array
		int size = arr.length;
		task.buildMinHeap(arr, size);
		/*
		    Construct Min heap

		          1
		        /   \
		       /     \
		      2       3
		     /  \    /  \
		    6    9  4    8
		   / \   
		  7   10 
		*/
		System.out.print("\n Construct Min Heap ");
		//Display heap elements
		task.printData(arr, size);
		System.out.print("\n Leaf nodes \n");
		task.leafNodes(arr, size, 0);
	}
}

Output

 Construct Min Heap
  1  2  3  6  9  4  8  7  10
 Leaf nodes
  7  10  9  4  8
// Include header file
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;
/*
  C++ program
  Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap
*/
class MinHeap
{
	public:
		//Swap two element in array
		void swap(int arr[], int first, int second)
		{
			int auxiliary = arr[first];
			arr[first] = arr[second];
			arr[second] = auxiliary;
		}
	// This is converting given root and its leaf into a valid min heap form
	void minHeap(int arr[], int size, int root)
	{
		int left = 2 *root + 1;
		int right = 2 *root + 2;
		int task = -1;
		if (left < size && arr[left] < arr[root])
		{
			if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[left])
			{
				// When right child is less than left child
				this->swap(arr, right, root);
				task = right;
			}
			else
			{
				// When left child is less than root node
				this->swap(arr, left, root);
				task = left;
			}
		}
		else if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[root])
		{
			// When right child is less than root node
			this->swap(arr, right, root);
			task = right;
		}
		if (task != -1)
		{
			// Execute function until when changes are required
			this->minHeap(arr, size, task);
		}
	}
	// Show array elements
	void printData(int arr[], int size)
	{
		cout << "\n";
		for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
		{
			cout << "  " << arr[i];
		}
	}
	// Display leaf nodes
	void leafNodes(int node[], int size, int root)
	{
		if (root < size)
		{
			if ((2 *root + 1) >= size && (2 *root + 2) >= size)
			{
				cout << "  " << node[root];
			}
			// Recursive visit to child node
			this->leafNodes(node, size, 2 *root + 1);
			this->leafNodes(node, size, 2 *root + 2);
		}
	}
	// Handles the request of construct min heap in given array
	void buildMinHeap(int arr[], int size)
	{
		for (int i = (size / 2); i >= 0; i--)
		{
			this->minHeap(arr, size, i);
		}
	}
};
int main()
{
	MinHeap task = MinHeap();
	// Array elements
	int arr[] = {
		4 , 7 , 8 , 2 , 9 , 3 , 1 , 6 , 10
	};
	// Find number of element in array
	int size = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
	task.buildMinHeap(arr, size);
	/*
	    Construct Min heap
	          1
	        /   \
	       /     \
	      2       3
	     /  \    /  \
	    6    9  4    8
	   / \   
	  7   10 
	*/
	cout << "\n Construct Min Heap ";
	//Display heap elements
	task.printData(arr, size);
	cout << "\n Leaf nodes \n";
	task.leafNodes(arr, size, 0);
	return 0;
}

Output

 Construct Min Heap
  1  2  3  6  9  4  8  7  10
 Leaf nodes
  7  10  9  4  8
// Include namespace system
using System;
/*
  C# program
  Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap
*/
public class MinHeap
{
	//Swap two element in array
	public void swap(int[] arr, int first, int second)
	{
		int auxiliary = arr[first];
		arr[first] = arr[second];
		arr[second] = auxiliary;
	}
	// This is converting given root and its leaf into a valid min heap form
	public void minHeap(int[] arr, int size, int root)
	{
		int left = 2 * root + 1;
		int right = 2 * root + 2;
		int task = -1;
		if (left < size && arr[left] < arr[root])
		{
			if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[left])
			{
				// When right child is less than left child
				swap(arr, right, root);
				task = right;
			}
			else
			{
				// When left child is less than root node
				swap(arr, left, root);
				task = left;
			}
		}
		else if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[root])
		{
			// When right child is less than root node
			swap(arr, right, root);
			task = right;
		}
		if (task != -1)
		{
			// Execute function until when changes are required
			minHeap(arr, size, task);
		}
	}
	// Show array elements
	public void printData(int[] arr, int size)
	{
		Console.Write("\n");
		for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
		{
			Console.Write("  " + arr[i]);
		}
	}
	// Display leaf nodes
	public void leafNodes(int[] node, int size, int root)
	{
		if (root < size)
		{
			if ((2 * root + 1) >= size && (2 * root + 2) >= size)
			{
				Console.Write("  " + node[root]);
			}
			// Recursive visit to child node
			leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 1);
			leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 2);
		}
	}
	// Handles the request of construct min heap in given array
	public void buildMinHeap(int[] arr, int size)
	{
		for (int i = (size / 2); i >= 0; i--)
		{
			minHeap(arr, size, i);
		}
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		MinHeap task = new MinHeap();
		// Array elements
		int[] arr = {
			4 , 7 , 8 , 2 , 9 , 3 , 1 , 6 , 10
		};
		// Find number of element in array
		int size = arr.Length;
		task.buildMinHeap(arr, size);
		/*
		    Construct Min heap
		          1
		        /   \
		       /     \
		      2       3
		     /  \    /  \
		    6    9  4    8
		   / \   
		  7   10 
		*/
		Console.Write("\n Construct Min Heap ");
		//Display heap elements
		task.printData(arr, size);
		Console.Write("\n Leaf nodes \n");
		task.leafNodes(arr, size, 0);
	}
}

Output

 Construct Min Heap
  1  2  3  6  9  4  8  7  10
 Leaf nodes
  7  10  9  4  8
<?php
/*
  Php program
  Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap
*/
class MinHeapTree
{
	//Swap two element in array
	public	function swap( & $arr, $first, $second)
	{
		$auxiliary = $arr[$first];
		$arr[$first] = $arr[$second];
		$arr[$second] = $auxiliary;
	}
	// This is converting given root and its leaf into a valid min heap form
	public	function minHeap( & $arr, $size, $root)
	{
		$left = 2 * $root + 1;
		$right = 2 * $root + 2;
		$task = -1;
		if ($left < $size && $arr[$left] < $arr[$root])
		{
			if ($right < $size && $arr[$right] < $arr[$left])
			{
				// When right child is less than left child
				$this->swap($arr, $right, $root);
				$task = $right;
			}
			else
			{
				// When left child is less than root node
				$this->swap($arr, $left, $root);
				$task = $left;
			}
		}
		else if ($right < $size && $arr[$right] < $arr[$root])
		{
			// When right child is less than root node
			$this->swap($arr, $right, $root);
			$task = $right;
		}
		if ($task != -1)
		{
			// Execute function until when changes are required
			$this->minHeap($arr, $size, $task);
		}
	}
	// Show array elements
	public	function printData( & $arr, $size)
	{
		echo "\n";
		for ($i = 0; $i < $size; $i++)
		{
			echo "  ". $arr[$i];
		}
	}
	// Display leaf nodes
	public	function leafNodes( & $node, $size, $root)
	{
		if ($root < $size)
		{
			if ((2 * $root + 1) >= $size && (2 * $root + 2) >= $size)
			{
				echo "  ". $node[$root];
			}
			// Recursive visit to child node
			$this->leafNodes($node, $size, 2 * $root + 1);
			$this->leafNodes($node, $size, 2 * $root + 2);
		}
	}
	// Handles the request of construct min heap in given array
	public	function buildMinHeap( & $arr, $size)
	{
		for ($i = (intval($size / 2)); $i >= 0; $i--)
		{
			$this->minHeap($arr, $size, $i);
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	$task = new MinHeapTree();
	// Array elements
	$arr = array(4, 7, 8, 2, 9, 3, 1, 6, 10);
	// Find number of element in array
	$size = count($arr);
	$task->buildMinHeap($arr, $size);
	/*
	    Construct Min heap
	          1
	        /   \
	       /     \
	      2       3
	     /  \    /  \
	    6    9  4    8
	   / \   
	  7   10 
	*/
	echo "\n Construct Min Heap ";
	//Display heap elements
	$task->printData($arr, $size);
	echo "\n Leaf nodes \n";
	$task->leafNodes($arr, $size, 0);
}
main();

Output

 Construct Min Heap
  1  2  3  6  9  4  8  7  10
 Leaf nodes
  7  10  9  4  8
/*
  Node Js program
  Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap
*/
class MinHeapTree
{
	//Swap two element in array
	swap(arr, first, second)
	{
		var auxiliary = arr[first];
		arr[first] = arr[second];
		arr[second] = auxiliary;
	}
	// This is converting given root and its leaf into a valid min heap form
	minHeap(arr, size, root)
	{
		var left = 2 * root + 1;
		var right = 2 * root + 2;
		var task = -1;
		if (left < size && arr[left] < arr[root])
		{
			if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[left])
			{
				// When right child is less than left child
				this.swap(arr, right, root);
				task = right;
			}
			else
			{
				// When left child is less than root node
				this.swap(arr, left, root);
				task = left;
			}
		}
		else if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[root])
		{
			// When right child is less than root node
			this.swap(arr, right, root);
			task = right;
		}
		if (task != -1)
		{
			// Execute function until when changes are required
			this.minHeap(arr, size, task);
		}
	}
	// Show array elements
	printData(arr, size)
	{
		process.stdout.write("\n");
		for (var i = 0; i < size; i++)
		{
			process.stdout.write("  " + arr[i]);
		}
	}
	// Display leaf nodes
	leafNodes(node, size, root)
	{
		if (root < size)
		{
			if ((2 * root + 1) >= size && (2 * root + 2) >= size)
			{
				process.stdout.write("  " + node[root]);
			}
			// Recursive visit to child node
			this.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 1);
			this.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 2);
		}
	}
	// Handles the request of construct min heap in given array
	buildMinHeap(arr, size)
	{
		for (var i = (parseInt(size / 2)); i >= 0; i--)
		{
			this.minHeap(arr, size, i);
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	var task = new MinHeapTree();
	// Array elements
	var arr = [4, 7, 8, 2, 9, 3, 1, 6, 10];
	// Find number of element in array
	var size = arr.length;
	task.buildMinHeap(arr, size);
	/*
	    Construct Min heap
	          1
	        /   \
	       /     \
	      2       3
	     /  \    /  \
	    6    9  4    8
	   / \   
	  7   10 
	*/
	process.stdout.write("\n Construct Min Heap ");
	//Display heap elements
	task.printData(arr, size);
	process.stdout.write("\n Leaf nodes \n");
	task.leafNodes(arr, size, 0);
}
main();

Output

 Construct Min Heap
  1  2  3  6  9  4  8  7  10
 Leaf nodes
  7  10  9  4  8
#   Python 3 program
#   Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap

class MinHeapTree :
	# Swap two element in array
	def swap(self, arr, first, second) :
		auxiliary = arr[first]
		arr[first] = arr[second]
		arr[second] = auxiliary
	
	#  This is converting given root and its leaf into a valid min heap form
	def minHeap(self, arr, size, root) :
		left = 2 * root + 1
		right = 2 * root + 2
		task = -1
		if (left < size and arr[left] < arr[root]) :
			if (right < size and arr[right] < arr[left]) :
				#  When right child is less than left child
				self.swap(arr, right, root)
				task = right
			else :
				#  When left child is less than root node
				self.swap(arr, left, root)
				task = left
			
		
		elif(right < size and arr[right] < arr[root]) :
			#  When right child is less than root node
			self.swap(arr, right, root)
			task = right
		
		if (task != -1) :
			#  Execute function until when changes are required
			self.minHeap(arr, size, task)
		
	
	#  Show array elements
	def printData(self, arr, size) :
		print(end = "\n")
		i = 0
		while (i < size) :
			print("  ", arr[i], end = "")
			i += 1
		
	
	#  Display leaf nodes
	def leafNodes(self, node, size, root) :
		if (root < size) :
			if ((2 * root + 1) >= size and(2 * root + 2) >= size) :
				print("  ", node[root], end = "")
			
			#  Recursive visit to child node
			self.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 1)
			self.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 2)
		
	
	#  Handles the request of construct min heap in given array
	def buildMinHeap(self, arr, size) :
		i = (int(size / 2))
		while (i >= 0) :
			self.minHeap(arr, size, i)
			i -= 1
		
	

def main() :
	task = MinHeapTree()
	#  Array elements
	arr = [4, 7, 8, 2, 9, 3, 1, 6, 10]
	#  Find number of element in array
	size = len(arr)
	task.buildMinHeap(arr, size)
	# 
	#     Construct Min heap
	#           1
	#         /   \
	#        /     \
	#       2       3
	#      /  \    /  \
	#     6    9  4    8
	#    / \   
	#   7   10 
	
	print("\n Construct Min Heap ", end = "")
	# Display heap elements
	task.printData(arr, size)
	print("\n Leaf nodes ")
	task.leafNodes(arr, size, 0)

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

 Construct Min Heap
   1   2   3   6   9   4   8   7   10
 Leaf nodes
   7   10   9   4   8
#   Ruby program
#   Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap

class MinHeapTree 
	# Swap two element in array
	def swap(arr, first, second) 
		auxiliary = arr[first]
		arr[first] = arr[second]
		arr[second] = auxiliary
	end

	#  This is converting given root and its leaf into a valid min heap form
	def minHeap(arr, size, root) 
		left = 2 * root + 1
		right = 2 * root + 2
		task = -1
		if (left < size && arr[left] < arr[root]) 
			if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[left]) 
				#  When right child is less than left child
				self.swap(arr, right, root)
				task = right
			else 
				#  When left child is less than root node
				self.swap(arr, left, root)
				task = left
			end

		elsif(right < size && arr[right] < arr[root]) 
			#  When right child is less than root node
			self.swap(arr, right, root)
			task = right
		end

		if (task != -1) 
			#  Execute function until when changes are required
			self.minHeap(arr, size, task)
		end

	end

	#  Show array elements
	def printData(arr, size) 
		print("\n")
		i = 0
		while (i < size) 
			print("  ", arr[i])
			i += 1
		end

	end

	#  Display leaf nodes
	def leafNodes(node, size, root) 
		if (root < size) 
			if ((2 * root + 1) >= size && (2 * root + 2) >= size) 
				print("  ", node[root])
			end

			#  Recursive visit to child node
			self.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 1)
			self.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 2)
		end

	end

	#  Handles the request of construct min heap in given array
	def buildMinHeap(arr, size) 
		i = (size / 2)
		while (i >= 0) 
			self.minHeap(arr, size, i)
			i -= 1
		end

	end

end

def main() 
	task = MinHeapTree.new()
	#  Array elements
	arr = [4, 7, 8, 2, 9, 3, 1, 6, 10]
	#  Find number of element in array
	size = arr.length
	task.buildMinHeap(arr, size)
	# 
	#     Construct Min heap
	#           1
	#         /   \
	#        /     \
	#       2       3
	#      /  \    /  \
	#     6    9  4    8
	#    / \   
	#   7   10 
	
	print("\n Construct Min Heap ")
	# Display heap elements
	task.printData(arr, size)
	print("\n Leaf nodes \n")
	task.leafNodes(arr, size, 0)
end

main()

Output

 Construct Min Heap 
  1  2  3  6  9  4  8  7  10
 Leaf nodes 
  7  10  9  4  8
/*
  Scala program
  Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap
*/
class MinHeapTree
{
	//Swap two element in array
	def swap(arr: Array[Int], first: Int, second: Int): Unit = {
		var auxiliary: Int = arr(first);
		arr(first) = arr(second);
		arr(second) = auxiliary;
	}
	// This is converting given root and its leaf into a valid min heap form
	def minHeap(arr: Array[Int], size: Int, root: Int): Unit = {
		var left: Int = 2 * root + 1;
		var right: Int = 2 * root + 2;
		var task: Int = -1;
		if (left < size && arr(left) < arr(root))
		{
			if (right < size && arr(right) < arr(left))
			{
				// When right child is less than left child
				this.swap(arr, right, root);
				task = right;
			}
			else
			{
				// When left child is less than root node
				this.swap(arr, left, root);
				task = left;
			}
		}
		else if (right < size && arr(right) < arr(root))
		{
			// When right child is less than root node
			this.swap(arr, right, root);
			task = right;
		}
		if (task != -1)
		{
			// Execute function until when changes are required
			this.minHeap(arr, size, task);
		}
	}
	// Show array elements
	def printData(arr: Array[Int], size: Int): Unit = {
		print("\n");
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < size)
		{
			print("  " + arr(i));
			i += 1;
		}
	}
	// Display leaf nodes
	def leafNodes(node: Array[Int], size: Int, root: Int): Unit = {
		if (root < size)
		{
			if ((2 * root + 1) >= size && (2 * root + 2) >= size)
			{
				print("  " + node(root));
			}
			// Recursive visit to child node
			this.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 1);
			this.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 2);
		}
	}
	// Handles the request of construct min heap in given array
	def buildMinHeap(arr: Array[Int], size: Int): Unit = {
		var i: Int = ((size / 2).toInt);
		while (i >= 0)
		{
			this.minHeap(arr, size, i);
			i -= 1;
		}
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		var task: MinHeapTree = new MinHeapTree();
		// Array elements
		var arr: Array[Int] = Array(4, 7, 8, 2, 9, 3, 1, 6, 10);
		// Find number of element in array
		var size: Int = arr.length;
		task.buildMinHeap(arr, size);
		/*
		    Construct Min heap
		          1
		        /   \
		       /     \
		      2       3
		     /  \    /  \
		    6    9  4    8
		   / \   
		  7   10 
		*/
		print("\n Construct Min Heap ");
		//Display heap elements
		task.printData(arr, size);
		print("\n Leaf nodes \n");
		task.leafNodes(arr, size, 0);
	}
}

Output

 Construct Min Heap
  1  2  3  6  9  4  8  7  10
 Leaf nodes
  7  10  9  4  8
/*
  Swift 4 program
  Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap
*/
class MinHeapTree
{
	//Swap two element in array
	func swap(_ arr: inout[Int], _ first: Int, _ second: Int)
	{
		let auxiliary: Int = arr[first];
		arr[first] = arr[second];
		arr[second] = auxiliary;
	}
	// This is converting given root and its leaf into a valid min heap form
	func minHeap(_ arr: inout[Int], _ size: Int, _ root: Int)
	{
		let left: Int = 2 * root + 1;
		let right: Int = 2 * root + 2;
		var task: Int = -1;
		if (left < size && arr[left] < arr[root])
		{
			if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[left])
			{
				// When right child is less than left child
				self.swap(&arr, right, root);
				task = right;
			}
			else
			{
				// When left child is less than root node
				self.swap(&arr, left, root);
				task = left;
			}
		}
		else if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[root])
		{
			// When right child is less than root node
			self.swap(&arr, right, root);
			task = right;
		}
		if (task  != -1)
		{
			// Execute function until when changes are required
			self.minHeap(&arr, size, task);
		}
	}
	// Show array elements
	func printData(_ arr: [Int], _ size: Int)
	{
		print(terminator: "\n");
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < size)
		{
			print("  ", arr[i], terminator: "");
			i += 1;
		}
	}
	// Display leaf nodes
	func leafNodes(_ node: [Int], _ size: Int, _ root: Int)
	{
		if (root < size)
		{
			if ((2 * root + 1) >= size && (2 * root + 2) >= size)
			{
				print("  ", node[root], terminator: "");
			}
			// Recursive visit to child node
			self.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 1);
			self.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 2);
		}
	}
	// Handles the request of construct min heap in given array
	func buildMinHeap(_ arr: inout[Int], _ size: Int)
	{
		var i: Int = (size / 2);
		while (i >= 0)
		{
			self.minHeap(&arr, size, i);
			i -= 1;
		}
	}
}
func main()
{
	let task: MinHeapTree = MinHeapTree();
	// Array elements
	var arr: [Int] = [4, 7, 8, 2, 9, 3, 1, 6, 10];
	// Find number of element in array
	let size: Int = arr.count;
	task.buildMinHeap(&arr, size);
	/*
	    Construct Min heap
	          1
	        /   \
	       /     \
	      2       3
	     /  \    /  \
	    6    9  4    8
	   / \   
	  7   10 
	*/
	print("\n Construct Min Heap ", terminator: "");
	//Display heap elements
	task.printData(arr, size);
	print("\n Leaf nodes ");
	task.leafNodes(arr, size, 0);
}
main();

Output

 Construct Min Heap
   1   2   3   6   9   4   8   7   10
 Leaf nodes
   7   10   9   4   8
/*
  Kotlin program
  Print all the leaf nodes of binary heap
*/
class MinHeapTree
{
	//Swap two element in array
	fun swap(arr: Array <Int> , first: Int, second: Int): Unit
	{
		var auxiliary: Int = arr[first];
		arr[first] = arr[second];
		arr[second] = auxiliary;
	}
	// This is converting given root and its leaf into a valid min heap form
	fun minHeap(arr: Array <Int> , size: Int, root: Int): Unit
	{
		var left: Int = 2 * root + 1;
		var right: Int = 2 * root + 2;
		var task: Int = -1;
		if (left < size && arr[left] < arr[root])
		{
			if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[left])
			{
				// When right child is less than left child
				this.swap(arr, right, root);
				task = right;
			}
			else
			{
				// When left child is less than root node
				this.swap(arr, left, root);
				task = left;
			}
		}
		else if (right < size && arr[right] < arr[root])
		{
			// When right child is less than root node
			this.swap(arr, right, root);
			task = right;
		}
		if (task != -1)
		{
			// Execute function until when changes are required
			this.minHeap(arr, size, task);
		}
	}
	// Show array elements
	fun printData(arr: Array < Int > , size: Int): Unit
	{
		print("\n");
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < size)
		{
			print("  " + arr[i]);
			i += 1;
		}
	}
	// Display leaf nodes
	fun leafNodes(node: Array < Int > , size: Int, root: Int): Unit
	{
		if (root < size)
		{
			if ((2 * root + 1) >= size && (2 * root + 2) >= size)
			{
				print("  " + node[root]);
			}
			// Recursive visit to child node
			this.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 1);
			this.leafNodes(node, size, 2 * root + 2);
		}
	}
	// Handles the request of construct min heap in given array
	fun buildMinHeap(arr: Array < Int > , size: Int): Unit
	{
		var i: Int = (size / 2);
		while (i >= 0)
		{
			this.minHeap(arr, size, i);
			i -= 1;
		}
	}
}
fun main(args: Array <String> ): Unit
{
	var task: MinHeapTree = MinHeapTree();
	// Array elements
	var arr: Array <Int> = arrayOf(4, 7, 8, 2, 9, 3, 1, 6, 10);
	// Find number of element in array
	var size: Int = arr.count();
	task.buildMinHeap(arr, size);
	/*
	    Construct Min heap
	          1
	        /   \
	       /     \
	      2       3
	     /  \    /  \
	    6    9  4    8
	   / \   
	  7   10 
	*/
	print("\n Construct Min Heap ");
	//Display heap elements
	task.printData(arr, size);
	print("\n Leaf nodes \n");
	task.leafNodes(arr, size, 0);
}

Output

 Construct Min Heap
  1  2  3  6  9  4  8  7  10
 Leaf nodes
  7  10  9  4  8

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