Posted on by Kalkicode
Code Pattern

Mountain Sequence Pattern

The Mountain Sequence Pattern is a sequence of asterisks (*) arranged in a specific pattern that resembles a mountain. This pattern is formed by incrementing the number of asterisks in each row, starting from one, and then decrementing the number of asterisks until the middle row is reached. After the middle row, the number of asterisks is again incremented until the maximum number is reached.

The goal of this pattern is to create a visual representation of a mountain, where the number of asterisks represents the height of the mountain. The pattern is symmetric, with equal numbers of asterisks on both sides of the mountain.

Example:

Let's take an example to understand the Mountain Sequence Pattern better. Consider the given size of the mountain as 4.

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

In this example, the mountain has a height of 5 rows. Each row is composed of asterisks (*) and spaces. The number of asterisks in each row increases from 1 to 5 and then decreases back to 1, creating a mountain-like shape. The spaces are included to align the asterisks and create the symmetric pattern.

Algorithm:

  1. Start with the given size of the mountain.
  2. Set the height of the mountain as a constant value.
  3. Iterate through each row of the mountain from 0 to the height:
    • Iterate through each element in the row from 0 to the given size:
      • Include initial spaces to align the elements.
      • Display the mountain element (asterisk).
      • Include end spaces to align the elements.
    • Move to the next line.
  4. Repeat the above steps for all test cases.

Pseudocode

mountainSequence(n)
    if n <= 0
        return
    height = 5
    for i = 0 to height
        for j = 0 to n
            includeSpace(height - i)
            includeStar(i)
            includeSpace(height - i)
        print newline
    end

includeSpace(n)
    for i = 0 to n
        print space
    end

includeStar(n)
    for i = 0 to n
        print asterisk followed by space
    end

Code Solution

Here given code implementation process.

// C program for
// Mountain Sequence Pattern
#include <stdio.h>

// Include n space
void includeSpace(int n)
{
	for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
	{
		printf(" ");
	}
}
// Include n star with space
void includeStar(int n)
{
	for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
	{
		printf("* ");
	}
}
void mountainSequence(int n)
{
	if (n <= 0)
	{
		return;
	}
	int height = 5;
	printf("\n Given Size : %d \n", n);
	// Outer loop is executing in through by mountain height
	for (int i = 0; i <= height; ++i)
	{
		// Inner loop is executing in through by 0..n
		for (int j = 0; j < n; ++j)
		{
			// Include initial space
			includeSpace(height - i);
			// Display the mountain element
			includeStar(i);
			// Include end space
			includeSpace(height - i);
		}
		// Include new line
		printf("\n");
	}
}
int main(int argc, char const *argv[])
{
	// Test Cases
	mountainSequence(1);
	mountainSequence(2);
	mountainSequence(4);
	mountainSequence(3);
	return 0;
}

input

 Given Size : 1

    *
   * *
  * * *
 * * * *
* * * * *

 Given Size : 2

    *         *
   * *       * *
  * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 4

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 3

    *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
/*
    Java Program
    Mountain Sequence Pattern
*/
public class MountainPattern
{
	// Include n space
	public void includeSpace(int n)
	{
		for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
		{
			System.out.print(" ");
		}
	}
	// Include n star with space
	public void includeStar(int n)
	{
		for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
		{
			System.out.print("* ");
		}
	}
	public void mountainSequence(int n)
	{
		if (n <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		int height = 5;
		System.out.println("\n Given Size : " + n);
		// Outer loop is executing in through by mountain height
		for (int i = 0; i <= height; ++i)
		{
			// Inner loop is executing in through by 0..n
			for (int j = 0; j < n; ++j)
			{
				// Include initial space
				includeSpace(height - i);
				// Display the mountain element
				includeStar(i);
				// Include end space
				includeSpace(height - i);
			}
			// Include new line
			System.out.print("\n");
		}
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		MountainPattern task = new MountainPattern();
		// Test Cases
		task.mountainSequence(1);
		task.mountainSequence(2);
		task.mountainSequence(4);
		task.mountainSequence(3);
	}
}

input

 Given Size : 1

    *
   * *
  * * *
 * * * *
* * * * *

 Given Size : 2

    *         *
   * *       * *
  * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 4

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 3

    *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
// Include header file
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;
/*
    C++ Program
    Mountain Sequence Pattern
*/
class MountainPattern
{
	public:
		// Include n space
		void includeSpace(int n)
		{
			for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
			{
				cout << " ";
			}
		}
	// Include n star with space
	void includeStar(int n)
	{
		for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
		{
			cout << "* ";
		}
	}
	void mountainSequence(int n)
	{
		if (n <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		int height = 5;
		cout << "\n Given Size : " << n << endl;
		// Outer loop is executing in through by mountain height
		for (int i = 0; i <= height; ++i)
		{
			// Inner loop is executing in through by 0..n
			for (int j = 0; j < n; ++j)
			{
				// Include initial space
				this->includeSpace(height - i);
				// Display the mountain element
				this->includeStar(i);
				// Include end space
				this->includeSpace(height - i);
			}
			// Include new line
			cout << "\n";
		}
	}
};
int main()
{
	MountainPattern *task = new MountainPattern();
	// Test Cases
	task->mountainSequence(1);
	task->mountainSequence(2);
	task->mountainSequence(4);
	task->mountainSequence(3);
	return 0;
}

input

 Given Size : 1

    *
   * *
  * * *
 * * * *
* * * * *

 Given Size : 2

    *         *
   * *       * *
  * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 4

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 3

    *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
// Include namespace system
using System;
/*
    Csharp Program
    Mountain Sequence Pattern
*/
public class MountainPattern
{
	// Include n space
	public void includeSpace(int n)
	{
		for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
		{
			Console.Write(" ");
		}
	}
	// Include n star with space
	public void includeStar(int n)
	{
		for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
		{
			Console.Write("* ");
		}
	}
	public void mountainSequence(int n)
	{
		if (n <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		int height = 5;
		Console.WriteLine("\n Given Size : " + n);
		// Outer loop is executing in through by mountain height
		for (int i = 0; i <= height; ++i)
		{
			// Inner loop is executing in through by 0..n
			for (int j = 0; j < n; ++j)
			{
				// Include initial space
				this.includeSpace(height - i);
				// Display the mountain element
				this.includeStar(i);
				// Include end space
				this.includeSpace(height - i);
			}
			// Include new line
			Console.Write("\n");
		}
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		MountainPattern task = new MountainPattern();
		// Test Cases
		task.mountainSequence(1);
		task.mountainSequence(2);
		task.mountainSequence(4);
		task.mountainSequence(3);
	}
}

input

 Given Size : 1

    *
   * *
  * * *
 * * * *
* * * * *

 Given Size : 2

    *         *
   * *       * *
  * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 4

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 3

    *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
<?php
/*
    Php Program
    Mountain Sequence Pattern
*/
class MountainPattern
{
	// Include n space
	public	function includeSpace($n)
	{
		for ($i = 0; $i < $n; ++$i)
		{
			echo(" ");
		}
	}
	// Include n star with space
	public	function includeStar($n)
	{
		for ($i = 0; $i < $n; ++$i)
		{
			echo("* ");
		}
	}
	public	function mountainSequence($n)
	{
		if ($n <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		$height = 5;
		echo("\n Given Size : ".$n."\n");
		// Outer loop is executing in through by mountain height
		for ($i = 0; $i <= $height; ++$i)
		{
			// Inner loop is executing in through by 0..n
			for ($j = 0; $j < $n; ++$j)
			{
				// Include initial space
				$this->includeSpace($height - $i);
				// Display the mountain element
				$this->includeStar($i);
				// Include end space
				$this->includeSpace($height - $i);
			}
			// Include new line
			echo("\n");
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	$task = new MountainPattern();
	// Test Cases
	$task->mountainSequence(1);
	$task->mountainSequence(2);
	$task->mountainSequence(4);
	$task->mountainSequence(3);
}
main();

input

 Given Size : 1

    *
   * *
  * * *
 * * * *
* * * * *

 Given Size : 2

    *         *
   * *       * *
  * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 4

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 3

    *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
/*
    Node JS Program
    Mountain Sequence Pattern
*/
class MountainPattern
{
	// Include n space
	includeSpace(n)
	{
		for (var i = 0; i < n; ++i)
		{
			process.stdout.write(" ");
		}
	}
	// Include n star with space
	includeStar(n)
	{
		for (var i = 0; i < n; ++i)
		{
			process.stdout.write("* ");
		}
	}
	mountainSequence(n)
	{
		if (n <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		var height = 5;
		console.log("\n Given Size : " + n);
		// Outer loop is executing in through by mountain height
		for (var i = 0; i <= height; ++i)
		{
			// Inner loop is executing in through by 0..n
			for (var j = 0; j < n; ++j)
			{
				// Include initial space
				this.includeSpace(height - i);
				// Display the mountain element
				this.includeStar(i);
				// Include end space
				this.includeSpace(height - i);
			}
			// Include new line
			process.stdout.write("\n");
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	var task = new MountainPattern();
	// Test Cases
	task.mountainSequence(1);
	task.mountainSequence(2);
	task.mountainSequence(4);
	task.mountainSequence(3);
}
main();

input

 Given Size : 1

    *
   * *
  * * *
 * * * *
* * * * *

 Given Size : 2

    *         *
   * *       * *
  * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 4

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 3

    *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
#    Python 3 Program
#    Mountain Sequence Pattern
class MountainPattern :
	#  Include n space
	def includeSpace(self, n) :
		i = 0
		while (i < n) :
			print(" ", end = "")
			i += 1
		
	
	#  Include n star with space
	def includeStar(self, n) :
		i = 0
		while (i < n) :
			print("* ", end = "")
			i += 1
		
	
	def mountainSequence(self, n) :
		if (n <= 0) :
			return
		
		height = 5
		print("\n Given Size : ", n)
		#  Outer loop is executing in through by mountain height
		i = 0
		while (i <= height) :
			#  Inner loop is executing in through by 0..n
			j = 0
			while (j < n) :
				#  Include initial space
				self.includeSpace(height - i)
				#  Display the mountain element
				self.includeStar(i)
				#  Include end space
				self.includeSpace(height - i)
				j += 1
			
			#  Include new line
			print(end = "\n")
			i += 1
		
	

def main() :
	task = MountainPattern()
	#  Test Cases
	task.mountainSequence(1)
	task.mountainSequence(2)
	task.mountainSequence(4)
	task.mountainSequence(3)

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

input

 Given Size :  1

    *
   * *
  * * *
 * * * *
* * * * *

 Given Size :  2

    *         *
   * *       * *
  * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size :  4

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size :  3

    *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
#    Ruby Program
#    Mountain Sequence Pattern
class MountainPattern 
	#  Include n space
	def includeSpace(n) 
		i = 0
		while (i < n) 
			print(" ")
			i += 1
		end

	end

	#  Include n star with space
	def includeStar(n) 
		i = 0
		while (i < n) 
			print("* ")
			i += 1
		end

	end

	def mountainSequence(n) 
		if (n <= 0) 
			return
		end

		height = 5
		print("\n Given Size : ", n, "\n")
		#  Outer loop is executing in through by mountain height
		i = 0
		while (i <= height) 
			#  Inner loop is executing in through by 0..n
			j = 0
			while (j < n) 
				#  Include initial space
				self.includeSpace(height - i)
				#  Display the mountain element
				self.includeStar(i)
				#  Include end space
				self.includeSpace(height - i)
				j += 1
			end

			#  Include new line
			print("\n")
			i += 1
		end

	end

end

def main() 
	task = MountainPattern.new()
	#  Test Cases
	task.mountainSequence(1)
	task.mountainSequence(2)
	task.mountainSequence(4)
	task.mountainSequence(3)
end

main()

input

 Given Size : 1
          
    *     
   * *    
  * * *   
 * * * *  
* * * * * 

 Given Size : 2
                    
    *         *     
   * *       * *    
  * * *     * * *   
 * * * *   * * * *  
* * * * * * * * * * 

 Given Size : 4
                                        
    *         *         *         *     
   * *       * *       * *       * *    
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *   
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *  
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 

 Given Size : 3
                              
    *         *         *     
   * *       * *       * *    
  * * *     * * *     * * *   
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *  
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 
/*
    Scala Program
    Mountain Sequence Pattern
*/
class MountainPattern()
{
	// Include n space
	def includeSpace(n: Int): Unit = {
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < n)
		{
			print(" ");
			i += 1;
		}
	}
	// Include n star with space
	def includeStar(n: Int): Unit = {
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < n)
		{
			print("* ");
			i += 1;
		}
	}
	def mountainSequence(n: Int): Unit = {
		if (n <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		var height: Int = 5;
		println("\n Given Size : " + n);
		// Outer loop is executing in through by mountain height
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i <= height)
		{
			// Inner loop is executing in through by 0..n
			var j: Int = 0;
			while (j < n)
			{
				// Include initial space
				includeSpace(height - i);
				// Display the mountain element
				includeStar(i);
				// Include end space
				includeSpace(height - i);
				j += 1;
			}
			// Include new line
			print("\n");
			i += 1;
		}
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		var task: MountainPattern = new MountainPattern();
		// Test Cases
		task.mountainSequence(1);
		task.mountainSequence(2);
		task.mountainSequence(4);
		task.mountainSequence(3);
	}
}

input

 Given Size : 1

    *
   * *
  * * *
 * * * *
* * * * *

 Given Size : 2

    *         *
   * *       * *
  * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 4

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 3

    *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
/*
    Swift 4 Program
    Mountain Sequence Pattern
*/
class MountainPattern
{
	// Include n space
	func includeSpace(_ n: Int)
	{
		var i = 0;
		while (i < n)
		{
			print(" ", terminator: "");
			i += 1;
		}
	}
	// Include n star with space
	func includeStar(_ n: Int)
	{
		var i = 0;
		while (i < n)
		{
			print("* ", terminator: "");
			i += 1;
		}
	}
	func mountainSequence(_ n: Int)
	{
		if (n <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		let height = 5;
		print("\n Given Size : ", n);
		// Outer loop is executing in through by mountain height
		var i = 0;
		while (i <= height)
		{
			// Inner loop is executing in through by 0..n
			var j = 0;
			while (j < n)
			{
				// Include initial space
				self.includeSpace(height - i);
				// Display the mountain element
				self.includeStar(i);
				// Include end space
				self.includeSpace(height - i);
				j += 1;
			}
			// Include new line
			print(terminator: "\n");
			i += 1;
		}
	}
}
func main()
{
	let task = MountainPattern();
	// Test Cases
	task.mountainSequence(1);
	task.mountainSequence(2);
	task.mountainSequence(4);
	task.mountainSequence(3);
}
main();

input

 Given Size :  1

    *
   * *
  * * *
 * * * *
* * * * *

 Given Size :  2

    *         *
   * *       * *
  * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size :  4

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size :  3

    *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
/*
    Kotlin Program
    Mountain Sequence Pattern
*/
class MountainPattern
{
	// Include n space
	fun includeSpace(n: Int): Unit
	{
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < n)
		{
			print(" ");
			i += 1;
		}
	}
	// Include n star with space
	fun includeStar(n: Int): Unit
	{
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < n)
		{
			print("* ");
			i += 1;
		}
	}
	fun mountainSequence(n: Int): Unit
	{
		if (n <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		val height: Int = 5;
		println("\n Given Size : " + n);
		// Outer loop is executing in through by mountain height
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i <= height)
		{
			// Inner loop is executing in through by 0..n
			var j: Int = 0;
			while (j < n)
			{
				// Include initial space
				this.includeSpace(height - i);
				// Display the mountain element
				this.includeStar(i);
				// Include end space
				this.includeSpace(height - i);
				j += 1;
			}
			// Include new line
			print("\n");
			i += 1;
		}
	}
}
fun main(args: Array < String > ): Unit
{
	val task: MountainPattern = MountainPattern();
	// Test Cases
	task.mountainSequence(1);
	task.mountainSequence(2);
	task.mountainSequence(4);
	task.mountainSequence(3);
}

input

 Given Size : 1

    *
   * *
  * * *
 * * * *
* * * * *

 Given Size : 2

    *         *
   * *       * *
  * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 4

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

 Given Size : 3

    *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Time Complexity:

The time complexity of the Mountain Sequence Pattern code is O(height * n), where height is a constant value (5) and n is the given size of the mountain. The nested loops iterate through all the elements in each row, which is proportional to the height and the size of the mountain.

Resultant Output:

The provided code generates the Mountain Sequence Pattern for different test cases. Here are the outputs for the given sizes:

Given Size: 1

    *
   * *
  * * *
 * * * *
* * * * *

Given Size: 2

    *         *
   * *       * *
  * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * *

Given Size: 4

    *         *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Given Size: 3

    *         *         *
   * *       * *       * *
  * * *     * * *     * * *
 * * * *   * * * *   * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

The output demonstrates the Mountain Sequence Pattern for different sizes of the mountain, showcasing the increment and decrement of asterisks in each row, creating the mountain-like shape.

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