Letter case permutation by using backtracking

Here given code implementation process.

/*
    Java Program for
    Letter case permutation by using backtracking
*/
public class Permutation
{
	// The letter case permutation is 
	// based on a lowercase and uppercase conversion.
	public void letterPermutation(
  		String text, 
   		String result, 
     	int index, int n)
	{
		if (index < 0)
		{
			if (result.length() == n)
			{
				System.out.println(" " + result);
			}
			return;
		}
		letterPermutation(text, text.charAt(index) + result, 
                          index - 1, n);
		if ((text.charAt(index) >= '0' && 
             text.charAt(index) <= '9') == false)
		{
			// When not digit
			if (text.charAt(index) >= 'a' && 
                text.charAt(index) <= 'z')
			{
				// Value of index is small character  
				// Change to capital letter.
              letterPermutation(text, 
                                (char)(text.charAt(index) - 32) + result, 
                                index - 1, n);
			}
			else if (text.charAt(index) >= 'A' && 
                     text.charAt(index) <= 'Z')
			{
				// Value of index is capital character  
				// Change to small letter.
              letterPermutation(text, 
                                (char)(text.charAt(index) + 32) + result, 
                                index - 1, n);
			}
		}
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		Permutation task = new Permutation();
		// Input text which includes character and number
		String text = "a1b2c3d";
		// Get the length of text
		int n = text.length();
		// Test
		task.letterPermutation(text, "", n - 1, n);
	}
}

Output

 a1b2c3d
 A1b2c3d
 a1B2c3d
 A1B2c3d
 a1b2C3d
 A1b2C3d
 a1B2C3d
 A1B2C3d
 a1b2c3D
 A1b2c3D
 a1B2c3D
 A1B2c3D
 a1b2C3D
 A1b2C3D
 a1B2C3D
 A1B2C3D
// Include header file
#include <iostream>
#include <string>

using namespace std;
/*
    C++ Program for
    Letter case permutation by using backtracking
*/
class Permutation
{
    public:
        // The letter case permutation is 
        // based on a lowercase and uppercase conversion.
        void letterPermutation(
          string text, 
          string result, 
          int index, 
          int n)
        {
            if (index < 0)
            {
                if (result.length() == n)
                {
                    cout << " " << result << endl;
                }
                return;
            }
            this->letterPermutation(text, text[index]  +  
                                    result, index - 1, n);
            if ((text[index] >= '0' && text[index] <= '9') == false)
            {
                // When not digit
                if (text[index] >= 'a' && text[index] <= 'z')
                {
                    // Value of index is small character  
                    // Change to capital letter.
                    this->letterPermutation(text, 
                                            ((char)(text[index] - 32))
                                            +  result, index - 1, n);
                }
                else if (text[index] >= 'A' && text[index] <= 'Z')
                {
                    // Value of index is capital character  
                    // Change to small letter.
                    this->letterPermutation(text, 
                                            ((char)(text[index] + 32))
                                            +  result, index - 1, n);
                }
            }
        }
};
int main()
{
    Permutation *task = new Permutation();
    // Input text which includes character and number
    string text = "a1b2c3d";
    // Get the length of text
    int n = text.length();
    // Test
    task->letterPermutation(text, "", n - 1, n);
    return 0;
}

Output

 a1b2c3d
 A1b2c3d
 a1B2c3d
 A1B2c3d
 a1b2C3d
 A1b2C3d
 a1B2C3d
 A1B2C3d
 a1b2c3D
 A1b2c3D
 a1B2c3D
 A1B2c3D
 a1b2C3D
 A1b2C3D
 a1B2C3D
 A1B2C3D
// Include namespace system
using System;
/*
    Csharp Program for
    Letter case permutation by using backtracking
*/
public class Permutation
{
	// The letter case permutation is 
	// based on a lowercase and uppercase conversion.
	public void letterPermutation(
  		String text, 
        String result, 
         int index, 
         int n)
	{
		if (index < 0)
		{
			if (result.Length == n)
			{
				Console.WriteLine(" " + result);
			}
			return;
		}
		this.letterPermutation(text, text[index] + result, index - 1, n);
		if ((text[index] >= '0' && text[index] <= '9') == false)
		{
			// When not digit
			if (text[index] >= 'a' && text[index] <= 'z')
			{
				// Value of index is small character  
				// Change to capital letter.
				this.letterPermutation(text, 
                                       (char)(text[index] - 32) + result, 
                                       index - 1, n);
			}
			else if (text[index] >= 'A' && text[index] <= 'Z')
			{
				// Value of index is capital character  
				// Change to small letter.
				this.letterPermutation(text, 
                                       (char)(text[index] + 32) + result, 
                                       index - 1, n);
			}
		}
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		Permutation task = new Permutation();
		// Input text which includes character and number
		String text = "a1b2c3d";
		// Get the length of text
		int n = text.Length;
		// Test
		task.letterPermutation(text, "", n - 1, n);
	}
}

Output

 a1b2c3d
 A1b2c3d
 a1B2c3d
 A1B2c3d
 a1b2C3d
 A1b2C3d
 a1B2C3d
 A1B2C3d
 a1b2c3D
 A1b2c3D
 a1B2c3D
 A1B2c3D
 a1b2C3D
 A1b2C3D
 a1B2C3D
 A1B2C3D
<?php
/*
    Php Program for
    Letter case permutation by using backtracking
*/
class Permutation
{
	// The letter case permutation is 
	// based on a lowercase and uppercase conversion.
	public	function letterPermutation($text, $result, $index, $n)
	{
		if ($index < 0)
		{
			if (strlen($result) == $n)
			{
				echo(" ".$result."\n");
			}
			return;
		}
		$this->letterPermutation($text, 
                                 strval($text[$index]).$result, 
                                 $index - 1, $n);
		if (($text[$index] >= '0' && $text[$index] <= '9') == false)
		{
			// When not digit
			if ($text[$index] >= 'a' && $text[$index] <= 'z')
			{
				// Value of index is small character  
				// Change to capital letter.
				$this->letterPermutation($text, 
                      strval(chr((ord($text[$index]) - 32))).$result, 
                                         $index - 1, $n);
			}
			else if ($text[$index] >= 'A' && $text[$index] <= 'Z')
			{
				// Value of index is capital character  
				// Change to small letter.
				$this->letterPermutation($text, 
                      strval(chr((ord($text[$index]) + 32))).$result, 
                                         $index - 1, $n);
			}
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	$task = new Permutation();
	// Input text which includes character and number
	$text = "a1b2c3d";
	// Get the length of text
	$n = strlen($text);
	// Test
	$task->letterPermutation($text, "", $n - 1, $n);
}
main();

Output

 a1b2c3d
 A1b2c3d
 a1B2c3d
 A1B2c3d
 a1b2C3d
 A1b2C3d
 a1B2C3d
 A1B2C3d
 a1b2c3D
 A1b2c3D
 a1B2c3D
 A1B2c3D
 a1b2C3D
 A1b2C3D
 a1B2C3D
 A1B2C3D
package main
import "fmt"
/*
    Go Program for
    Letter case permutation by using backtracking
*/

// The letter case permutation is 
// based on a lowercase and uppercase conversion.
func letterPermutation(text string, 
	result string, 
	index int, 
	n int) {
	if index < 0 {
		if len(result) == n {
			fmt.Println(" ", result)
		}
		return
	}
	letterPermutation(text, string(text[index]) + result, 
		index - 1, n)
	if (text[index] >= '0' && text[index] <= '9') == false {
		// When not digit
		if text[index] >= 'a' && text[index] <= 'z' {
			// Value of index is small character  
			// Change to capital letter.
			letterPermutation(text, 
				string((byte)(text[index] - 32)) + result, 
				index - 1, n)
		} else if text[index] >= 'A' && text[index] <= 'Z' {
			// Value of index is capital character  
			// Change to small letter.
			letterPermutation(text, 
				string((byte)(text[index] + 32)) + result, 
				index - 1, n)
		}
	}
}
func main() {
	
	// Input text which includes character and number
	var text string = "a1b2c3d"
	// Get the length of text
	var n int = len(text)
	// Test
	letterPermutation(text, "", n - 1, n)
}

Output

 a1b2c3d
 A1b2c3d
 a1B2c3d
 A1B2c3d
 a1b2C3d
 A1b2C3d
 a1B2C3d
 A1B2C3d
 a1b2c3D
 A1b2c3D
 a1B2c3D
 A1B2c3D
 a1b2C3D
 A1b2C3D
 a1B2C3D
 A1B2C3D
/*
    Node JS Program for
    Letter case permutation by using backtracking
*/
class Permutation
{
	// The letter case permutation is 
	// based on a lowercase and uppercase conversion.
	letterPermutation(text, result, index, n)
	{
		if (index < 0)
		{
			if (result.length == n)
			{
				console.log(" " + result);
			}
			return;
		}
		this.letterPermutation(text, 
                               text.charAt(index) + result, 
                               index - 1, n);
		if ((text.charAt(index) >= '0' && 
             text.charAt(index) <= '9') == false)
		{
			// When not digit
			if (text.charAt(index) >= 'a' && 
                text.charAt(index) <= 'z')
			{
				// Value of index is small character  
				// Change to capital letter.
				this.letterPermutation(text,
                String.fromCharCode((text.charCodeAt(index)- 32)) + result, 
                                       index - 1, n);
			}
			else if (text.charAt(index) >= 'A' && text.charAt(index) <= 'Z')
			{
				// Value of index is capital character  
				// Change to small letter.
				this.letterPermutation(text,
                String.fromCharCode((text.charCodeAt(index) + 32)) + result,
                                       index - 1, n);
			}
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	var task = new Permutation();
	// Input text which includes character and number
	var text = "a1b2c3d";
	// Get the length of text
	var n = text.length;
	// Test
	task.letterPermutation(text, "", n - 1, n);
}
main();

Output

 a1b2c3d
 A1b2c3d
 a1B2c3d
 A1B2c3d
 a1b2C3d
 A1b2C3d
 a1B2C3d
 A1B2C3d
 a1b2c3D
 A1b2c3D
 a1B2c3D
 A1B2c3D
 a1b2C3D
 A1b2C3D
 a1B2C3D
 A1B2C3D
#    Python 3 Program for
#    Letter case permutation by using backtracking
class Permutation :
	#  The letter case permutation is 
	#  based on a lowercase and uppercase conversion.
	def letterPermutation(self, text, result, index, n) :
		if (index < 0) :
			if (len(result) == n) :
				print(" ", result)
			
			return
		
		self.letterPermutation(text, str(text[index]) + 
                               result, index - 1, n)
		if ((text[index] >= '0'
				and text[index] <= '9') == False) :
			#  When not digit
			if (text[index] >= 'a'
				and text[index] <= 'z') :
				#  Value of index is small character  
				#  Change to capital letter.
				self.letterPermutation(text, 
                                       str(chr((ord(text[index]) - 32))) + 
                                       result, index - 1, n)
			elif (text[index] >= 'A'
				and text[index] <= 'Z') :
				#  Value of index is capital character  
				#  Change to small letter.
				self.letterPermutation(text, 
                                       str(chr((ord(text[index]) + 32))) + 
                                       result, index - 1, n)
			
		
	

def main() :
	task = Permutation()
	#  Input text which includes character and number
	text = "a1b2c3d"
	#  Get the length of text
	n = len(text)
	#  Test
	task.letterPermutation(text, "", n - 1, n)

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

  a1b2c3d
  A1b2c3d
  a1B2c3d
  A1B2c3d
  a1b2C3d
  A1b2C3d
  a1B2C3d
  A1B2C3d
  a1b2c3D
  A1b2c3D
  a1B2c3D
  A1B2c3D
  a1b2C3D
  A1b2C3D
  a1B2C3D
  A1B2C3D
#    Ruby Program for
#    Letter case permutation by using backtracking
class Permutation 
	#  The letter case permutation is 
	#  based on a lowercase and uppercase conversion.
	def letterPermutation(text, result, index, n) 
		if (index < 0) 
			if (result.length == n) 
				print(" ", result, "\n")
			end

			return
		end

		self.letterPermutation(text, 
                               text[index].to_s + result, 
                               index - 1, n)
		if ((text[index] >= '0' && text[index] <= '9') == false) 
			#  When not digit
			if (text[index] >= 'a' && text[index] <= 'z') 
				#  Value of index is small character  
				#  Change to capital letter.
				self.letterPermutation(text, 
                        ((text[index].ord - 32)).chr.to_s + result, 
                                       index - 1, n)
			elsif (text[index] >= 'A' && text[index] <= 'Z') 
				#  Value of index is capital character  
				#  Change to small letter.
				self.letterPermutation(text, 
                    ((text[index].ord + 32)).chr.to_s + result, 
                                       index - 1, n)
			end

		end

	end

end

def main() 
	task = Permutation.new()
	#  Input text which includes character and number
	text = "a1b2c3d"
	#  Get the length of text
	n = text.length
	#  Test
	task.letterPermutation(text, "", n - 1, n)
end

main()

Output

 a1b2c3d
 A1b2c3d
 a1B2c3d
 A1B2c3d
 a1b2C3d
 A1b2C3d
 a1B2C3d
 A1B2C3d
 a1b2c3D
 A1b2c3D
 a1B2c3D
 A1B2c3D
 a1b2C3D
 A1b2C3D
 a1B2C3D
 A1B2C3D
import scala.collection.mutable._;
/*
    Scala Program for
    Letter case permutation by using backtracking
*/
class Permutation()
{
	// The letter case permutation is 
	// based on a lowercase and uppercase conversion.
	def letterPermutation(
      text: String, 
      result: String, 
      index: Int, 
      n: Int): Unit = {
		if (index < 0)
		{
			if (result.length() == n)
			{
				println(" " + result);
			}
			return;
		}
		letterPermutation(text, 
      		text.charAt(index).toString() + result, index - 1, n);
		if ((text.charAt(index) >= '0' && 
             text.charAt(index) <= '9') == false)
		{
			// When not digit
			if (text.charAt(index) >= 'a' && 
                text.charAt(index) <= 'z')
			{
				// Value of index is small character  
				// Change to capital letter.
				letterPermutation(text, 
                                  (text.charAt(index).toInt - 
                                   32).toChar.toString() + result, 
                                  index - 1, n);
			}
			else if (text.charAt(index) >= 'A' && 
                     text.charAt(index) <= 'Z')
			{
				// Value of index is capital character  
				// Change to small letter.
				letterPermutation(text, 
                                  (text.charAt(index).toInt +
                                   32).toChar.toString() + result, index - 1, n);
			}
		}
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		var task: Permutation = new Permutation();
		// Input text which includes character and number
		var text: String = "a1b2c3d";
		// Get the length of text
		var n: Int = text.length();
		// Test
		task.letterPermutation(text, "", n - 1, n);
	}
}

Output

 a1b2c3d
 A1b2c3d
 a1B2c3d
 A1B2c3d
 a1b2C3d
 A1b2C3d
 a1B2C3d
 A1B2C3d
 a1b2c3D
 A1b2c3D
 a1B2c3D
 A1B2c3D
 a1b2C3D
 A1b2C3D
 a1B2C3D
 A1B2C3D
import Foundation;
/*
    Swift 4 Program for
    Letter case permutation by using backtracking
*/
class Permutation
{
	// The letter case permutation is 
	// based on a lowercase and uppercase conversion.
	func letterPermutation(
       _ text: [Character], 
       _ result: String, 
       _ index: Int, 
       _ n: Int)
	{
		if (index < 0)
		{
			if (result.count == n)
			{
				print(" ", result);
			}
			return;
		}
		self.letterPermutation(text, 
                               String(text[index]) + result, 
                               index - 1, n);
		if ((text[index] >= "0" && text[index] <= "9") == false)
		{
			// When not digit
			if (text[index] >= "a" && text[index] <= "z")
			{
				let v =  String(format: "%c", 
					(Int(UnicodeScalar(String(text[index]))!.value) - 
                             32)) as String;
				// Value of index is small character  
				// Change to capital letter.
				self.letterPermutation(text, v + result, index - 1, n);
			}
			else if (text[index] >= "A" && text[index] <= "Z")
			{
				let v =  String(format: "%c", 
					(Int(UnicodeScalar(String(text[index]))!.value) + 
                             32)) as String;
				// Value of index is capital character  
				// Change to small letter.
				self.letterPermutation(text,v + result, index - 1, n);
			}
		}
	}
}
func main()
{
	let task: Permutation = Permutation();
	// Input text which includes character and number
	let text: String = "a1b2c3d";
	// Get the length of text
	let n: Int = text.count;

	// Test
	task.letterPermutation(Array(text), "", n - 1, n);
}
main();

Output

  a1b2c3d
  A1b2c3d
  a1B2c3d
  A1B2c3d
  a1b2C3d
  A1b2C3d
  a1B2C3d
  A1B2C3d
  a1b2c3D
  A1b2c3D
  a1B2c3D
  A1B2c3D
  a1b2C3D
  A1b2C3D
  a1B2C3D
  A1B2C3D
/*
    Kotlin Program for
    Letter case permutation by using backtracking
*/
class Permutation
{
	// The letter case permutation is 
	// based on a lowercase and uppercase conversion.
	fun letterPermutation(
  		 text: String, result: String, 
         index: Int, n: Int): Unit
	{
		if (index < 0)
		{
			if (result.length == n)
			{
				println(" " + result);
			}
			return;
		}
		this.letterPermutation(text, 
                               text.get(index).toString() + result, 
                               index - 1, n);
		if ((text.get(index) >= '0' && text.get(index) <= '9') == false)
		{
			// When not digit
			if (text.get(index) >= 'a' && text.get(index) <= 'z')
			{
				// Value of index is small character  
				// Change to capital letter.
				this.letterPermutation(text, 
                                       (text.get(index).toInt() - 
                                        32).toChar().toString() + result, 
                                       index - 1, n);
			}
			else if (text.get(index) >= 'A' && text.get(index) <= 'Z')
			{
				// Value of index is capital character  
				// Change to small letter.
				this.letterPermutation(text, 
                                       (text.get(index).toInt() + 
                                        32).toChar().toString() + result, 
                                       index - 1, n);
			}
		}
	}
}
fun main(args: Array < String > ): Unit
{
	val task: Permutation = Permutation();
	// Input text which includes character and number
	val text: String = "a1b2c3d";
	// Get the length of text
	val n: Int = text.length;
	// Test
	task.letterPermutation(text, "", n - 1, n);
}

Output

 a1b2c3d
 A1b2c3d
 a1B2c3d
 A1B2c3d
 a1b2C3d
 A1b2C3d
 a1B2C3d
 A1B2C3d
 a1b2c3D
 A1b2c3D
 a1B2c3D
 A1B2c3D
 a1b2C3D
 A1b2C3D
 a1B2C3D
 A1B2C3D


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