karatsuba algorithm for fast multiplication

Here given code implementation process.

/*
    Java Program for
    karatsuba algorithm for fast multiplication
*/
public class Multiplication
{
	public String prefixZero(int n)
	{
		String zero = "";
		for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
		{
			zero += "0";
		}
		return zero;
	}
	String addBitStrings(String a, String b)
	{
		String result = "";
		int carry = 0;
		String first = a;
		String second = b;
		if (first.length() < second.length())
		{
			first = prefixZero(second.length() - first.length()) + first;
		}
		if (second.length() < first.length())
		{
			second = prefixZero(first.length() - second.length()) + second;
		}
		int length = first.length();
		for (int i = length - 1; i >= 0; --i)
		{
			int firstBit = first.charAt(i) - '0';
			int secondBit = second.charAt(i) - '0';
			int sum = (firstBit ^ secondBit ^ carry) + '0';
			result = (char) sum + result;
			carry = (firstBit & secondBit) | 
                    (secondBit & carry) | 
                    (firstBit & carry);
		}
		if (carry != 0)
		{
			result = '1' + result;
		}
		return result;
	}
	public long multiply(String a, String b)
	{
		// Collecting given string binary value
		String v1 = a;
		String v2 = b;
		// Converting the both strings in equal 
		// length by adding some  prefix zero.
		if (v1.length() > v2.length())
		{
			v2 = prefixZero(v1.length() - v2.length()) + v2;
		}
		if (v2.length() > v1.length())
		{
			v1 = prefixZero(v2.length() - v1.length()) + v1;
		}
		// Get the size of equal string
		int size = v1.length();
		if (size == 0)
		{
			// When string is empty
			return 0;
		}
		else if (size == 1)
		{
			// When single character exists in both string
			return (v1.charAt(0) - '0') * (v2.charAt(0) - '0');
		}
		// Get length of first half
		//
		//   Example
		//              
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6
		//  2 
		//
		//   Index start with zero, So here 6 index at 7th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<─────────>|
		//    firstHalf
		//
		int firstHalf = size / 2;
		// Example of second half
		//
		//   Example
		//               
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6 <- first half
		//   2 
		//   
		//   13 - 6 = 7
		//  Index start with zero, So here 7 index at 8th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<───────────>|
		//     Second half
		//
		int secondHalf = (size - firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v1 of size first half
		String leftA = v1.substring(0, firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character v1
		String rightA = v1.substring(firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v2 of size first half
		String leftB = v2.substring(0, firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character of v2
		String rightB = v2.substring(firstHalf);
		// Get three products
		long p1 = multiply(leftA, leftB);
		long p2 = multiply(rightA, rightB);
		long p3 = multiply(
          addBitStrings(leftA, rightA), 
          addBitStrings(leftB, rightB)
        );
		return p1 * (1 << (2 * secondHalf)) + 
          (p3 - p1 - p2) * (1 << secondHalf) + p2;
	}
	public void multiplyBinary(String a, String b)
	{
		// Display given binary value
		// Assume that given a and b contain 0 and 1s
		System.out.println(" Given Binary A : " + a);
		System.out.println(" Given Binary B : " + b);
		// Display multiply value
		System.out.println(" Result : " + multiply(a, b));
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		Multiplication task = new Multiplication();
		// Test A
		//   a = 1011 => 11
		//   b = 101  => 5
		//   11 * 5 => 55 
		//   55 = [110111] 
		// Result = 55
		task.multiplyBinary("1011", "101");
		// Test B
		//   a = 1111 => 15
		//   b = 1010  => 10
		//   15 * 10 => 150 
		//   150 = [10010110] 
		//  Result = 150
		task.multiplyBinary("1111", "1010");
	}
}

Output

 Given Binary A : 1011
 Given Binary B : 101
 Result : 55
 Given Binary A : 1111
 Given Binary B : 1010
 Result : 150
// Include header file
#include <iostream>
#include <string>

using namespace std;
/*
    C++ Program for
    karatsuba algorithm for fast multiplication
*/
class Multiplication
{
    public: string prefixZero(int n)
    {
        string zero = "";
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            zero += "0";
        }
        return zero;
    }
    string addBitStrings(string a, string b)
    {
        string result = "";
        int carry = 0;
        string first = a;
        string second = b;
        if (first.length() < second.length())
        {
            first = this->prefixZero(second.length() - 
                                     first.length())  +  first;
        }
        if (second.length() < first.length())
        {
            second = this->prefixZero(first.length() - 
                                      second.length())  +  second;
        }
        int length = first.length();
        for (int i = length - 1; i >= 0; --i)
        {
            int firstBit = first[i] - '0';
            int secondBit = second[i] - '0';
            int sum = (firstBit ^ secondBit ^ carry) + '0';
            result = ((char)sum)  +  result;
            carry = (firstBit &secondBit) | 
                    (secondBit &carry) | 
                    (firstBit &carry);
        }
        if (carry != 0)
        {
            result = "1"  +  result;
        }
        return result;
    }
    long multiply(string a, string b)
    {
        // Collecting given string binary value
        string v1 = a;
        string v2 = b;
        // Converting the both strings in equal 
        // length by adding some  prefix zero.
        if (v1.length() > v2.length())
        {
            v2 = this->prefixZero(v1.length() - v2.length())  +  v2;
        }
        if (v2.length() > v1.length())
        {
            v1 = this->prefixZero(v2.length() - v1.length())  +  v1;
        }
        // Get the size of equal string
        int size = v1.length();
        if (size == 0)
        {
            // When string is empty
            return 0;
        }
        else if (size == 1)
        {
            // When single character exists in both string
            return (v1[0] - '0') *(v2[0] - '0');
        }
        // Get length of first half
        //
        //   Example
        //              
        //   ₓ = 13
        //   ₓ
        //   ─ = 6
        //  2 
        //
        //   Index start with zero, So here 6 index at 7th position
        //   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
        //   |<─────────>|
        //    firstHalf
        //
        int firstHalf = size / 2;
        // Example of second half
        //
        //   Example
        //               
        //   ₓ = 13
        //   ₓ
        //   ─ = 6 <- first half
        //   2 
        //   
        //   13 - 6 = 7
        //  Index start with zero, So here 7 index at 8th position
        //   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
        //   |<───────────>|
        //     Second half
        //
        int secondHalf = (size - firstHalf);
        // Get prefix of v1 of size first half
        string leftA = v1.substr(0, firstHalf);
        // Get remaining character v1
        string rightA = v1.substr(firstHalf);
        // Get prefix of v2 of size first half
        string leftB = v2.substr(0, firstHalf);
        // Get remaining character of v2
        string rightB = v2.substr(firstHalf);
        // Get three products
        long p1 = this->multiply(leftA, leftB);
        long p2 = this->multiply(rightA, rightB);
        long p3 = this->multiply(
            this->addBitStrings(leftA, rightA), 
            this->addBitStrings(leftB, rightB)
        );
        return p1 *(1 << (2 *secondHalf)) + 
          (p3 - p1 - p2) *(1 << secondHalf) + p2;
    }
    void multiplyBinary(string a, string b)
    {
        // Display given binary value
        // Assume that given a and b contain 0 and 1s
        cout << " Given Binary A : " << a << endl;
        cout << " Given Binary B : " << b << endl;
        // Display multiply value
        cout << " Result : " << this->multiply(a, b) << endl;
    }
};
int main()
{
    Multiplication *task = new Multiplication();
    // Test A
    //   a = 1011 => 11
    //   b = 101  => 5
    //   11 *5 => 55 
    //   55 = [110111] 
    // Result = 55
    task->multiplyBinary("1011", "101");
    // Test B
    //   a = 1111 => 15
    //   b = 1010  => 10
    //   15 *10 => 150 
    //   150 = [10010110] 
    //  Result = 150
    task->multiplyBinary("1111", "1010");
    return 0;
}

Output

 Given Binary A : 1011
 Given Binary B : 101
 Result : 55
 Given Binary A : 1111
 Given Binary B : 1010
 Result : 150
// Include namespace system
using System;
/*
    Csharp Program for
    karatsuba algorithm for fast multiplication
*/
public class Multiplication
{
	public String prefixZero(int n)
	{
		String zero = "";
		for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
		{
			zero += "0";
		}
		return zero;
	}
	String addBitStrings(String a, String b)
	{
		String result = "";
		int carry = 0;
		String first = a;
		String second = b;
		if (first.Length < second.Length)
		{
			first = this.prefixZero(
              second.Length - first.Length
            ) + first;
		}
		if (second.Length < first.Length)
		{
			second = this.prefixZero(
              first.Length - second.Length
            ) + second;
		}
		int length = first.Length;
		for (int i = length - 1; i >= 0; --i)
		{
			int firstBit = first[i] - '0';
			int secondBit = second[i] - '0';
			int sum = (firstBit ^ secondBit ^ carry) + '0';
			result = (char) sum + result;
			carry = (firstBit & secondBit) | 
              (secondBit & carry) | 
              (firstBit & carry);
		}
		if (carry != 0)
		{
			result = '1' + result;
		}
		return result;
	}
	public long multiply(String a, String b)
	{
		// Collecting given string binary value
		String v1 = a;
		String v2 = b;
		// Converting the both strings in equal 
		// length by adding some  prefix zero.
		if (v1.Length > v2.Length)
		{
			v2 = this.prefixZero(v1.Length - v2.Length) + v2;
		}
		if (v2.Length > v1.Length)
		{
			v1 = this.prefixZero(v2.Length - v1.Length) + v1;
		}
		// Get the size of equal string
		int size = v1.Length;
		if (size == 0)
		{
			// When string is empty
			return 0;
		}
		else if (size == 1)
		{
			// When single character exists in both string
			return (v1[0] - '0') * (v2[0] - '0');
		}
		// Get length of first half
		//
		//   Example
		//              
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6
		//  2 
		//
		//   Index start with zero, So here 6 index at 7th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<─────────>|
		//    firstHalf
		//
		int firstHalf = size / 2;
		// Example of second half
		//
		//   Example
		//               
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6 <- first half
		//   2 
		//   
		//   13 - 6 = 7
		//  Index start with zero, So here 7 index at 8th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<───────────>|
		//     Second half
		//
		int secondHalf = (size - firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v1 of size first half
		String leftA = v1.Substring(0, firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character v1
		String rightA = v1.Substring(firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v2 of size first half
		String leftB = v2.Substring(0, firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character of v2
		String rightB = v2.Substring(firstHalf);
		// Get three products
		long p1 = this.multiply(leftA, leftB);
		long p2 = this.multiply(rightA, rightB);
		long p3 = this.multiply(
          this.addBitStrings(leftA, rightA), 
          this.addBitStrings(leftB, rightB));
		return p1 * (1 << (2 * secondHalf)) + 
          (p3 - p1 - p2) * (1 << secondHalf) + p2;
	}
	public void multiplyBinary(String a, String b)
	{
		// Display given binary value
		// Assume that given a and b contain 0 and 1s
		Console.WriteLine(" Given Binary A : " + a);
		Console.WriteLine(" Given Binary B : " + b);
		// Display multiply value
		Console.WriteLine(" Result : " + this.multiply(a, b));
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		Multiplication task = new Multiplication();
		// Test A
		//   a = 1011 => 11
		//   b = 101  => 5
		//   11 * 5 => 55 
		//   55 = [110111] 
		// Result = 55
		task.multiplyBinary("1011", "101");
		// Test B
		//   a = 1111 => 15
		//   b = 1010  => 10
		//   15 * 10 => 150 
		//   150 = [10010110] 
		//  Result = 150
		task.multiplyBinary("1111", "1010");
	}
}

Output

 Given Binary A : 1011
 Given Binary B : 101
 Result : 55
 Given Binary A : 1111
 Given Binary B : 1010
 Result : 150
package main

import "fmt"
/*
    Go Program for
    karatsuba algorithm for fast multiplication
*/
type Multiplication struct {}
func getMultiplication() * Multiplication {
	var me *Multiplication = &Multiplication {}
	return me
}
func(this Multiplication) prefixZero(n int) string {
	var zero string = ""
	for i := 0 ; i < n ; i++ {
		zero += "0"
	}
	return zero
}
func(this Multiplication) addBitStrings(a, b string) string {
	var result string = ""
	var carry int = 0
	var first string = a
	var second string = b
	if len(first) < len(second) {
		first = this.prefixZero(len(second) - len(first)) + first
	}
	if len(second) < len(first) {
		second = this.prefixZero(len(first) - len(second)) + second
	}
	var length int = len(first)
	for i := length - 1 ; i >= 0 ; i-- {
		var firstBit int = int(first[i]) - 48
		var secondBit int = int(second[i]) - 48
		var sum int = (firstBit ^ secondBit ^ carry) + 48
		result = string(byte(sum)) + result
		carry = (firstBit & secondBit) | (secondBit & carry) | (firstBit & carry)
	}
	if carry != 0 {
		result = "1" + result
	}
	return result
}
func(this Multiplication) multiply(a, b string) int64 {
	// Collecting given string binary value
	var v1 string = a
	var v2 string = b
	// Converting the both strings in equal 
	// length by adding some  prefix zero.
	if len(v1) > len(v2) {
		v2 = this.prefixZero(len(v1) - len(v2)) + v2
	}
	if len(v2) > len(v1) {
		v1 = this.prefixZero(len(v2) - len(v1)) + v1
	}
	// Get the size of equal string
	var size int = len(v1)
	if size == 0 {
		// When string is empty
		return 0
	} else if size == 1 {
		// When single character exists in both string
		return   (int64(v1[0]) - 48) * (int64(v2[0]) - 48)
	}
	// Get length of first half
	//
	//   Example
	//              
	//   ₓ = 13
	//   ₓ
	//   ─ = 6
	//  2 
	//
	//   Index start with zero, So here 6 index at 7th position
	//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
	//   |<─────────>|
	//    firstHalf
	//
	var firstHalf int = size / 2
	// Example of second half
	//
	//   Example
	//               
	//   ₓ = 13
	//   ₓ
	//   ─ = 6 <- first half
	//   2 
	//   
	//   13 - 6 = 7
	//  Index start with zero, So here 7 index at 8th position
	//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
	//   |<───────────>|
	//     Second half
	//
	var secondHalf int = (size - firstHalf)
	// Get prefix of v1 of size first half
	var leftA string = v1[0 : firstHalf]
	// Get remaining character v1
	var rightA string = v1[firstHalf : len(v1)]

	// Get prefix of v2 of size first half
	var leftB string = v2[0 : firstHalf]
	// Get remaining character of v2
	var rightB string = v2[firstHalf:len(v2)]
	// Get three products
	var p1 int64 = this.multiply(leftA, leftB)
	var p2 int64 = this.multiply(rightA, rightB)
	var p3 int64 = this.multiply(this.addBitStrings(leftA, rightA), 
		this.addBitStrings(leftB, rightB))
	return p1 * (1 << (2 * secondHalf)) + (p3 - p1 - p2) * (1 << secondHalf) + p2
}
func(this Multiplication) multiplyBinary(a, b string) {
	// Display given binary value
	// Assume that given a and b contain 0 and 1s
	fmt.Println(" Given Binary A : ", a)
	fmt.Println(" Given Binary B : ", b)
	// Display multiply value
	fmt.Println(" Result : ", this.multiply(a, b))
}
func main() {
	var task * Multiplication = getMultiplication()
	// Test A
	//   a = 1011 => 11
	//   b = 101  => 5
	//   11 * 5 => 55 
	//   55 = [110111] 
	// Result = 55
	task.multiplyBinary("1011", "101")
	// Test B
	//   a = 1111 => 15
	//   b = 1010  => 10
	//   15 * 10 => 150 
	//   150 = [10010110] 
	//  Result = 150
	task.multiplyBinary("1111", "1010")
}

Output

 Given Binary A : 1011
 Given Binary B : 101
 Result : 55
 Given Binary A : 1111
 Given Binary B : 1010
 Result : 150
<?php
/*
    Php Program for
    karatsuba algorithm for fast multiplication
*/
class Multiplication
{
	public	function prefixZero($n)
	{
		$zero = "";
		for ($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++)
		{
			$zero .= "0";
		}
		return $zero;
	}

	function addBitStrings($a, $b)
	{
		$result = "";
		$carry = 0;
		$first = $a;
		$second = $b;
		if (strlen($first) < strlen($second))
		{
			$first = $this->prefixZero(
              strlen($second) - strlen($first)).$first;
		}
		if (strlen($second) < strlen($first))
		{
			$second = $this->prefixZero(
              strlen($first) - strlen($second)).$second;
		}
		$length = strlen($first);
		for ($i = $length - 1; $i >= 0; --$i)
		{
			$firstBit = ord($first[$i]) - ord('0');
			$secondBit = ord($second[$i]) - ord('0');
			$sum = ($firstBit ^ $secondBit ^ $carry) + ord('0');
			$result = strval(chr($sum)).$result;
			$carry = ($firstBit & $secondBit) | 
              ($secondBit & $carry) | 
              ($firstBit & $carry);
		}
		if ($carry != 0)
		{
			$result = "1".$result;
		}
		return $result;
	}
	public	function multiply($a, $b)
	{
		// Collecting given string binary value
		$v1 = $a;
		$v2 = $b;
		// Converting the both strings in equal 
		// length by adding some  prefix zero.
		if (strlen($v1) > strlen($v2))
		{
			$v2 = $this->prefixZero(strlen($v1) - strlen($v2)).$v2;
		}
		if (strlen($v2) > strlen($v1))
		{
			$v1 = $this->prefixZero(strlen($v2) - strlen($v1)).$v1;
		}
		// Get the size of equal string
		$size = strlen($v1);
		if ($size == 0)
		{
			// When string is empty
			return 0;
		}
		else if ($size == 1)
		{
			// When single character exists in both string
			return (ord($v1[0]) - ord('0')) * (ord($v2[0]) - ord('0'));
		}
		// Get length of first half
		//
		//   Example
		//              
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6
		//   2 
		//
		//   Index start with zero, So here 6 index at 7th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<─────────>|
		//    firstHalf
		//
		$firstHalf = (int)($size / 2);
		// Example of second half
		//
		//   Example
		//               
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6 <- first half
		//   2 
		//   
		//   13 - 6 = 7
		//  Index start with zero, So here 7 index at 8th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<───────────>|
		//     Second half
		//
		$secondHalf = ($size - $firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v1 of size first half
		$leftA = substr($v1, 0, $firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character v1
		$rightA = substr($v1, $firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v2 of size first half
		$leftB = substr($v2, 0, $firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character of v2
		$rightB = substr($v2, $firstHalf);
		// Get three products
		$p1 = $this->multiply($leftA, $leftB);
		$p2 = $this->multiply($rightA, $rightB);
		$p3 = $this->multiply(
          $this->addBitStrings($leftA, $rightA), 
          $this->addBitStrings($leftB, $rightB));
		return $p1 * (1 << (2 * $secondHalf)) + 
          ($p3 - $p1 - $p2) * (1 << $secondHalf) + $p2;
	}
	public	function multiplyBinary($a, $b)
	{
		// Display given binary value
		// Assume that given a and b contain 0 and 1s
		echo(" Given Binary A : ".$a."\n");
		echo(" Given Binary B : ".$b."\n");
		// Display multiply value
		echo(" Result : ".$this->multiply($a, $b)."\n");
	}
}

function main()
{
	$task = new Multiplication();
	// Test A
	//   a = 1011 => 11
	//   b = 101  => 5
	//   11 * 5 => 55 
	//   55 = [110111] 
	// Result = 55
	$task->multiplyBinary("1011", "101");
	// Test B
	//   a = 1111 => 15
	//   b = 1010  => 10
	//   15 * 10 => 150 
	//   150 = [10010110] 
	//  Result = 150
	$task->multiplyBinary("1111", "1010");
}
main();

Output

 Given Binary A : 1011
 Given Binary B : 101
 Result : 55
 Given Binary A : 1111
 Given Binary B : 1010
 Result : 150
/*
    Node JS Program for
    karatsuba algorithm for fast multiplication
*/
class Multiplication
{
	prefixZero(n)
	{
		var zero = "";
		for (var i = 0; i < n; i++)
		{
			zero += "0";
		}
		return zero;
	}
	addBitStrings(a, b)
	{
		var result = "";
		var carry = 0;
		var first = a;
		var second = b;
		if (first.length < second.length)
		{
			first = this.prefixZero(
              second.length - first.length
            ) + first;
		}
		if (second.length < first.length)
		{
			second = this.prefixZero(
              first.length - second.length
            ) + second;
		}
		var length = first.length;
		for (var i = length - 1; i >= 0; --i)
		{
			var firstBit = first.charCodeAt(i) - '0'.charCodeAt(0);
			var secondBit = second.charCodeAt(i) - '0'.charCodeAt(0);
			var sum = (firstBit ^ secondBit ^ carry) + '0'.charCodeAt(0);
			result = String.fromCharCode(sum) + result;
			carry = (firstBit & secondBit) | 
              		(secondBit & carry) | 
              		(firstBit & carry);
		}
		if (carry != 0)
		{
			result = '1' + result;
		}
		return result;
	}
	multiply(a, b)
	{
		// Collecting given string binary value
		var v1 = a;
		var v2 = b;
		// Converting the both strings in equal 
		// length by adding some  prefix zero.
		if (v1.length > v2.length)
		{
			v2 = this.prefixZero(v1.length - v2.length) + v2;
		}
		if (v2.length > v1.length)
		{
			v1 = this.prefixZero(v2.length - v1.length) + v1;
		}
		// Get the size of equal string
		var size = v1.length;
		if (size == 0)
		{
			// When string is empty
			return 0;
		}
		else if (size == 1)
		{
			// When single character exists in both string
			return (v1.charCodeAt(0) - '0'.charCodeAt(0)) * 
              (v2.charCodeAt(0) - '0'.charCodeAt(0));
		}
		// Get length of first half
		//
		//   Example
		//              
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6
		//   2 
		//
		//   Index start with zero, So here 6 index at 7th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<─────────>|
		//    firstHalf
		//
		var firstHalf = parseInt(size / 2);
		// Example of second half
		//
		//   Example
		//               
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6 <- first half
		//   2 
		//   
		//   13 - 6 = 7
		//  Index start with zero, So here 7 index at 8th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<───────────>|
		//     Second half
		//
		var secondHalf = (size - firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v1 of size first half
		var leftA = v1.substring(0, firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character v1
		var rightA = v1.substring(firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v2 of size first half
		var leftB = v2.substring(0, firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character of v2
		var rightB = v2.substring(firstHalf);
		// Get three products
		var p1 = this.multiply(leftA, leftB);
		var p2 = this.multiply(rightA, rightB);
		var p3 = this.multiply(
          this.addBitStrings(leftA, rightA), 
          this.addBitStrings(leftB, rightB)
        );
		return p1 * (1 << (2 * secondHalf)) + 
          (p3 - p1 - p2) * (1 << secondHalf) + p2;
	}
	multiplyBinary(a, b)
	{
		// Display given binary value
		// Assume that given a and b contain 0 and 1s
		console.log(" Given Binary A : " + a);
		console.log(" Given Binary B : " + b);
		// Display multiply value
		console.log(" Result : " + this.multiply(a, b));
	}
}

function main()
{
	var task = new Multiplication();
	// Test A
	//   a = 1011 => 11
	//   b = 101  => 5
	//   11 * 5 => 55 
	//   55 = [110111] 
	// Result = 55
	task.multiplyBinary("1011", "101");
	// Test B
	//   a = 1111 => 15
	//   b = 1010  => 10
	//   15 * 10 => 150 
	//   150 = [10010110] 
	//  Result = 150
	task.multiplyBinary("1111", "1010");
}
main();

Output

 Given Binary A : 1011
 Given Binary B : 101
 Result : 55
 Given Binary A : 1111
 Given Binary B : 1010
 Result : 150
#    Python 3 Program for
#    karatsuba algorithm for fast multiplication
class Multiplication :
	def prefixZero(self, n) :
		zero = ""
		i = 0
		while (i < n) :
			zero += "0"
			i += 1
		
		return zero
	
	def addBitStrings(self, a, b) :
		result = ""
		carry = 0
		first = a
		second = b
		if (len(first) < len(second)) :
			first = self.prefixZero(len(second) - len(first)) + first
		
		if (len(second) < len(first)) :
			second = self.prefixZero(len(first) - len(second)) + second
		
		length = len(first)
		i = length - 1
		while (i >= 0) :
			firstBit = ord(first[i]) - ord('0')
			secondBit = ord(second[i]) - ord('0')
			sum = (firstBit ^ secondBit ^ carry) + ord('0')
			result = str(chr(sum)) + result
			carry = (firstBit & secondBit) | (secondBit & carry) | (firstBit & carry)
			i -= 1
		
		if (carry != 0) :
			result = str('1') + result
		
		return result
	
	def multiply(self, a, b) :
		#  Collecting given string binary value
		v1 = a
		v2 = b
		#  Converting the both strings in equal 
		#  length by adding some  prefix zero.
		if (len(v1) > len(v2)) :
			v2 = self.prefixZero(len(v1) - len(v2)) + v2
		
		if (len(v2) > len(v1)) :
			v1 = self.prefixZero(len(v2) - len(v1)) + v1
		
		#  Get the size of equal string
		size = len(v1)
		if (size == 0) :
			#  When string is empty
			return 0
		elif (size == 1) :
			#  When single character exists in both string
			return (ord(v1[0]) - ord('0')) * (ord(v2[0]) - ord('0'))
		
		#  Get length of first half
		#    Example
		#    ₓ = 13
		#    ₓ
		#    ─ = 6
		#    2 
		#    Index start with zero, So here 6 index at 7th position
		#    ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		#    |<─────────>|
		#     firstHalf
		firstHalf = int(size / 2)
		#  Example of second half
		#    Example
		#    ₓ = 13
		#    ₓ
		#    ─ = 6 <- first half
		#    2 
		#    13 - 6 = 7
		#   Index start with zero, So here 7 index at 8th position
		#    ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		#    |<───────────>|
		#      Second half
		secondHalf = (size - firstHalf)
		#  Get prefix of v1 of size first half
		leftA = v1[0: firstHalf]
		#  Get remaining character v1
		rightA = v1[firstHalf: ]
		#  Get prefix of v2 of size first half
		leftB = v2[0: firstHalf]
		#  Get remaining character of v2
		rightB = v2[firstHalf: ]
		#  Get three products
		p1 = self.multiply(leftA, leftB)
		p2 = self.multiply(rightA, rightB)
		p3 = self.multiply(
          self.addBitStrings(leftA, rightA), 
          self.addBitStrings(leftB, rightB))
		return p1 * (1 << (2 * secondHalf)) + (p3 - p1 - p2) * (1 << secondHalf) + p2
	
	def multiplyBinary(self, a, b) :
		#  Display given binary value
		#  Assume that given a and b contain 0 and 1s
		print(" Given Binary A : ", a)
		print(" Given Binary B : ", b)
		#  Display multiply value
		print(" Result : ", self.multiply(a, b))
	

def main() :
	task = Multiplication()
	#  Test A
	#    a = 1011 => 11
	#    b = 101  => 5
	#    11 * 5 => 55 
	#    55 = [110111] 
	#  Result = 55
	task.multiplyBinary("1011", "101")
	#  Test B
	#    a = 1111 => 15
	#    b = 1010  => 10
	#    15 * 10 => 150 
	#    150 = [10010110] 
	#   Result = 150
	task.multiplyBinary("1111", "1010")

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

 Given Binary A :  1011
 Given Binary B :  101
 Result :  55
 Given Binary A :  1111
 Given Binary B :  1010
 Result :  150
#    Ruby Program for
#    karatsuba algorithm for fast multiplication
class Multiplication 
	def prefixZero(n) 
		zero = ""
		i = 0
		while (i < n) 
			zero += "0"
			i += 1
		end

		return zero
	end

	def addBitStrings(a, b) 
		result = ""
		carry = 0
		first = a
		second = b
		if (first.length < second.length) 
			first = self.prefixZero(second.length - first.length) + first
		end

		if (second.length < first.length) 
			second = self.prefixZero(first.length - second.length) + second
		end

		length = first.length
		i = length - 1
		while (i >= 0) 
			firstBit = first[i].ord - '0'.ord
			secondBit = second[i].ord - '0'.ord
			sum = (firstBit ^ secondBit ^ carry) + '0'.ord
			result = (sum).chr.to_s + result
			carry = (firstBit & secondBit) | 
              (secondBit & carry) | 
              (firstBit & carry)
			i -= 1
		end

		if (carry != 0) 
			result = '1'.to_s + result
		end

		return result
	end

	def multiply(a, b) 
		#  Collecting given string binary value
		v1 = a
		v2 = b
		#  Converting the both strings in equal 
		#  length by adding some  prefix zero.
		if (v1.length > v2.length) 
			v2 = self.prefixZero(v1.length - v2.length) + v2
		end

		if (v2.length > v1.length) 
			v1 = self.prefixZero(v2.length - v1.length) + v1
		end

		#  Get the size of equal string
		size = v1.length
		if (size == 0) 
			#  When string is empty
			return 0
		elsif (size == 1) 
			#  When single character exists in both string
			return (v1[0].ord - '0'.ord) * (v2[0].ord - '0'.ord)
		end

		#  Get length of first half
		#    Example
		#    ₓ = 13
		#    ₓ
		#    ─ = 6
		#    2 
		#    Index start with zero, So here 6 index at 7th position
		#    ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		#    |<─────────>|
		#     firstHalf
		firstHalf = size / 2
		#  Example of second half
		#    Example
		#    ₓ = 13
		#    ₓ
		#    ─ = 6 <- first half
		#    2 
		#    13 - 6 = 7
		#   Index start with zero, So here 7 index at 8th position
		#    ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		#    |<───────────>|
		#      Second half
		secondHalf = (size - firstHalf)
		#  Get prefix of v1 of size first half
		leftA = v1[0...firstHalf]
		#  Get remaining character v1
		rightA = v1[firstHalf...(v1.length)]
		#  Get prefix of v2 of size first half
		leftB = v2[0...firstHalf]
		#  Get remaining character of v2
		rightB = v2[firstHalf...(v2.length)]
		#  Get three products
		p1 = self.multiply(leftA, leftB)
		p2 = self.multiply(rightA, rightB)
		p3 = self.multiply(self.addBitStrings(leftA, rightA), self.addBitStrings(leftB, rightB))
		return p1 * (1 << (2 * secondHalf)) + 
          (p3 - p1 - p2) * (1 << secondHalf) + p2
	end

	def multiplyBinary(a, b) 
		#  Display given binary value
		#  Assume that given a and b contain 0 and 1s
		print(" Given Binary A : ", a, "\n")
		print(" Given Binary B : ", b, "\n")
		#  Display multiply value
		print(" Result : ", self.multiply(a, b), "\n")
	end

end

def main() 
	task = Multiplication.new()
	#  Test A
	#    a = 1011 => 11
	#    b = 101  => 5
	#    11 * 5 => 55 
	#    55 = [110111] 
	#  Result = 55
	task.multiplyBinary("1011", "101")
	#  Test B
	#    a = 1111 => 15
	#    b = 1010  => 10
	#    15 * 10 => 150 
	#    150 = [10010110] 
	#   Result = 150
	task.multiplyBinary("1111", "1010")
end

main()

Output

 Given Binary A : 1011
 Given Binary B : 101
 Result : 55
 Given Binary A : 1111
 Given Binary B : 1010
 Result : 150
/*
    Scala Program for
    karatsuba algorithm for fast multiplication
*/
class Multiplication()
{
	def prefixZero(n: Int): String = {
		var zero: String = "";
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < n)
		{
			zero += "0";
			i += 1;
		}
		return zero;
	}
	def addBitStrings(a: String, b: String): String = {
		var result: String = "";
		var carry: Int = 0;
		var first: String = a;
		var second: String = b;
		if (first.length() < second.length())
		{
			first = prefixZero(
              second.length() - first.length()
            ) + first;
		}
		if (second.length() < first.length())
		{
			second = prefixZero(
              first.length() - second.length()
            ) + second;
		}
		var length: Int = first.length();
		var i: Int = length - 1;
		while (i >= 0)
		{
			var firstBit: Int = first.charAt(i).toInt - '0'.toInt;
			var secondBit: Int = second.charAt(i).toInt - '0'.toInt;
			var sum: Int = (firstBit ^ secondBit ^ carry) + '0'.toInt;
			result = sum.toChar.toString() + result;
			carry = (firstBit & secondBit) | 
              (secondBit & carry) | 
              (firstBit & carry);
			i -= 1;
		}
		if (carry != 0)
		{
			result = '1'.toString() + result;
		}
		return result;
	}
	def multiply(a: String, b: String): Long = {
		// Collecting given string binary value
		var v1: String = a;
		var v2: String = b;
		// Converting the both strings in equal 
		// length by adding some  prefix zero.
		if (v1.length() > v2.length())
		{
			v2 = prefixZero(v1.length() - v2.length()) + v2;
		}
		if (v2.length() > v1.length())
		{
			v1 = prefixZero(v2.length() - v1.length()) + v1;
		}
		// Get the size of equal string
		var size: Int = v1.length();
		if (size == 0)
		{
			// When string is empty
			return 0;
		}
		else if (size == 1)
		{
			// When single character exists in both string
			return (v1.charAt(0).toInt - '0'.toInt) * 
              (v2.charAt(0).toInt - '0'.toInt);
		}
		// Get length of first half
		//
		//   Example
		//              
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6
		//  2 
		//
		//   Index start with zero, So here 6 index at 7th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<─────────>|
		//    firstHalf
		//
		var firstHalf: Int = size / 2;
		// Example of second half
		//
		//   Example
		//               
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6 <- first half
		//   2 
		//   
		//   13 - 6 = 7
		//  Index start with zero, So here 7 index at 8th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<───────────>|
		//     Second half
		//
		var secondHalf: Int = (size - firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v1 of size first half
		var leftA: String = v1.substring(0, firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character v1
		var rightA: String = v1.substring(firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v2 of size first half
		var leftB: String = v2.substring(0, firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character of v2
		var rightB: String = v2.substring(firstHalf);
		// Get three products
		var p1: Long = multiply(leftA, leftB);
		var p2: Long = multiply(rightA, rightB);
		var p3: Long = multiply(
          addBitStrings(leftA, rightA), 
          addBitStrings(leftB, rightB));
		return p1 * (1 << (2 * secondHalf)) + 
          (p3 - p1 - p2) * (1 << secondHalf) + p2;
	}
	def multiplyBinary(a: String, b: String): Unit = {
		// Display given binary value
		// Assume that given a and b contain 0 and 1s
		println(" Given Binary A : " + a);
		println(" Given Binary B : " + b);
		// Display multiply value
		println(" Result : " + multiply(a, b));
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		var task: Multiplication = new Multiplication();
		// Test A
		//   a = 1011 => 11
		//   b = 101  => 5
		//   11 * 5 => 55 
		//   55 = [110111] 
		// Result = 55
		task.multiplyBinary("1011", "101");
		// Test B
		//   a = 1111 => 15
		//   b = 1010  => 10
		//   15 * 10 => 150 
		//   150 = [10010110] 
		//  Result = 150
		task.multiplyBinary("1111", "1010");
	}
}

Output

 Given Binary A : 1011
 Given Binary B : 101
 Result : 55
 Given Binary A : 1111
 Given Binary B : 1010
 Result : 150
/*
    Kotlin Program for
    karatsuba algorithm for fast multiplication
*/
class Multiplication
{
	fun prefixZero(n: Int): String
	{
		var zero: String = "";
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < n)
		{
			zero += "0";
			i += 1;
		}
		return zero;
	}
	fun addBitStrings(a: String, b: String): String
	{
		var result: String = "";
		var carry: Int = 0;
		var first: String = a;
		var second: String = b;
		if (first.length < second.length)
		{
			first = this.prefixZero(
              second.length - first.length
            ) + first;
		}
		if (second.length < first.length)
		{
			second = this.prefixZero(
              first.length - second.length
            ) + second;
		}
		val length: Int = first.length;
		var i: Int = length - 1;
		while (i >= 0)
		{
			val firstBit: Int = first.get(i).toInt() - '0'.toInt();
			val secondBit: Int = second.get(i).toInt() - '0'.toInt();
			val sum: Int = (firstBit xor secondBit xor carry) + '0'.toInt();
			result = sum.toChar().toString() + result;
			carry = (firstBit and secondBit) or 
            (secondBit and carry) or 
            (firstBit and carry);
			i -= 1;
		}
		if (carry != 0)
		{
			result = '1'.toString() + result;
		}
		return result;
	}
	fun multiply(a: String, b: String): Long
	{
		// Collecting given string binary value
		var v1: String = a;
		var v2: String = b;
		// Converting the both strings in equal 
		// length by adding some  prefix zero.
		if (v1.length > v2.length)
		{
			v2 = this.prefixZero(v1.length - v2.length) + v2;
		}
		if (v2.length > v1.length)
		{
			v1 = this.prefixZero(v2.length - v1.length) + v1;
		}
		// Get the size of equal string
		val size: Int = v1.length;
		if (size == 0)
		{
			// When string is empty
			return 0;
		}
		else if (size == 1)
		{
			// When single character exists in both string
			return (v1.get(0).toInt() - '0'.toInt()) * 
              (v2.get(0).toInt() - '0'.toInt()).toLong();
		}
		// Get length of first half
		//
		//   Example
		//              
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6
		//   2 
		//
		//   Index start with zero, So here 6 index at 7th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<─────────>|
		//    firstHalf
		//
		val firstHalf: Int = size / 2;
		// Example of second half
		//
		//   Example
		//               
		//   ₓ = 13
		//   ₓ
		//   ─ = 6 <- first half
		//   2 
		//   
		//   13 - 6 = 7
		//  Index start with zero, So here 7 index at 8th position
		//   ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ ₓ 
		//   |<───────────>|
		//     Second half
		//
		val secondHalf: Int = (size - firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v1 of size first half
		val leftA: String = v1.substring(0, firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character v1
		val rightA: String = v1.substring(firstHalf);
		// Get prefix of v2 of size first half
		val leftB: String = v2.substring(0, firstHalf);
		// Get remaining character of v2
		val rightB: String = v2.substring(firstHalf);
		// Get three products
		val p1: Long = this.multiply(leftA, leftB);
		val p2: Long = this.multiply(rightA, rightB);
		val p3: Long = this.multiply(
          this.addBitStrings(leftA, rightA), 
          this.addBitStrings(leftB, rightB));
		return p1 * (1 shl(2 * secondHalf)) + 
          (p3 - p1 - p2) * (1 shl secondHalf) + p2;
	}
	fun multiplyBinary(a: String, b: String): Unit
	{
		// Display given binary value
		// Assume that given a and b contain 0 and 1s
		println(" Given Binary A : " + a);
		println(" Given Binary B : " + b);
		// Display multiply value
		println(" Result : " + this.multiply(a, b));
	}
}
fun main(args: Array < String > ): Unit
{
	val task: Multiplication = Multiplication();
	// Test A
	//   a = 1011 => 11
	//   b = 101  => 5
	//   11 * 5 => 55 
	//   55 = [110111] 
	// Result = 55
	task.multiplyBinary("1011", "101");
	// Test B
	//   a = 1111 => 15
	//   b = 1010  => 10
	//   15 * 10 => 150 
	//   150 = [10010110] 
	//  Result = 150
	task.multiplyBinary("1111", "1010");
}

Output

 Given Binary A : 1011
 Given Binary B : 101
 Result : 55
 Given Binary A : 1111
 Given Binary B : 1010
 Result : 150


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