Insert node at end of circular linked list

In this post are given an example of how to insert new created nodes of end of circular linked list.

Generally there are two way to solve this problem. method 1 Using of single pointer . And method 2 using of two pointer variables.

Method 1: This method are normally used because we are assume that linked list are contain initial node (assumption to add new node to existing list). So this method are useful. First we are need to find last nodes of linked list. But note that in circular linked list last node, next pointer always hold the reference of first linked list node.

So start iteration from head of linked list and check next upcoming node is not a head. When this condition are satisfied then visit next upcoming node. When condition are fail, That means this is a last node of circular list. And add new node to last position , and assign to this inserted next pointer field to reference of head node of linked list.

Test Cases: There is following test case are useful.

1) In case linked list are empty then create new linked list node and assign this address to head pointer of linked list. But note that Circular linked list last node connect to first node by next pointer. So in this case assign the newly created node address is to next pointer .

2) When linked list are not empty then find last linked list node. This process are requires O(n) time. And add new node to last position connect last node to head node by using of last node next pointer fields.

Time complexity of this method are O(n) (Note that We are reducing this complexity in next method). Suppose we are inserted the following (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8) node in a sequence.

Insert node at end

Here given code implementation process.

// Java Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    public int data;
    public LinkNode next;
    public LinkNode(int data, LinkNode first)
    {
        this.data = data;
        this.next = first;
    }
}
public class CircularLinkedList
{
    public LinkNode head;
    // Class constructors
    CircularLinkedList()
    {
        this.head = null;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    public void insert(int value)
    {
        // Create a node
        LinkNode node = new LinkNode(value, this.head);
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this.head = node;
            node.next = this.head;
        }
        else
        {
            LinkNode temp = this.head;
            // Find last node
            while (temp.next != this.head)
            {
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
            }
            // Add new node at the last 
            temp.next = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    public void display()
    {
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            System.out.println("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            System.out.print("Linked List Element :");
            LinkNode temp = this.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != null)
            {
                // Display node
                System.out.print("  " + temp.data);
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
                if (temp == head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        CircularLinkedList task = new CircularLinkedList();
        // Add linked list node
        task.insert(1);
        task.insert(2);
        task.insert(3);
        task.insert(4);
        task.insert(5);
        task.insert(6);
        task.insert(7);
        task.insert(8);
        // Display node
        task.display();
    }
}

Output

Appending node to the end of circular linked list
Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// Include header file
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
// C++ Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    public: int data;
    LinkNode *next;
    LinkNode(int data, LinkNode *first)
    {
        this->data = data;
        this->next = first;
    }
};
class CircularLinkedList
{
    public: LinkNode *head;
    // Class constructors
    CircularLinkedList()
    {
        this->head = NULL;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    void insert(int value)
    {
        // Create a node
        LinkNode *node = new LinkNode(value, this->head);
        if (this->head == NULL)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this->head = node;
            node->next = this->head;
        }
        else
        {
            LinkNode *temp = this->head;
            // Find last node
            while (temp->next != this->head)
            {
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp->next;
            }
            // Add new node at the last 
            temp->next = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    void display()
    {
        if (this->head == NULL)
        {
            cout << "Empty Linked List" << endl;
        }
        else
        {
            cout << "Linked List Element :";
            LinkNode *temp = this->head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != NULL)
            {
                // Display node
                cout << "  " << temp->data;
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp->next;
                if (temp == this->head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
};
int main()
{
    CircularLinkedList *task = new CircularLinkedList();
    // Add linked list node
    task->insert(1);
    task->insert(2);
    task->insert(3);
    task->insert(4);
    task->insert(5);
    task->insert(6);
    task->insert(7);
    task->insert(8);
    // Display node
    task->display();
    return 0;
}

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// C Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists
#include <stdio.h>
 // for malloc function
#include <stdlib.h>

struct LinkNode
{
    int data;
    struct LinkNode *next;
};
struct CircularLinkedList
{
    struct LinkNode *head;
};
// Returns the new linked list
struct CircularLinkedList *newLinkedList()
{
    // Create memory of head and tail Nodes
    struct CircularLinkedList *cll = (struct CircularLinkedList *)
    malloc(sizeof(struct CircularLinkedList));
    if (cll == NULL)
    {
        printf("Memory overflow\n");
    }
    else
    {
        cll->head = NULL;
    }
    return cll;
}
// Insert node at end of circular linked list
void insert(struct CircularLinkedList *cll, int value)
{
    // Create a node
    struct LinkNode *node = (struct LinkNode *) 
       malloc(sizeof(struct LinkNode));
    if (node == NULL)
    {
        // Overflow
        return;
    }
    node->data = value;
    node->next = cll->head;
    if (cll->head == NULL)
    {
        // First node of linked list
        cll->head = node;
        node->next = cll->head;
    }
    else
    {
        struct LinkNode *temp = cll->head;
        // Find last node
        while (temp->next != cll->head)
        {
            // Visit to next node
            temp = temp->next;
        }
        // Add new node at the last
        temp->next = node;

    }
}
//display element of linked list
void display(struct LinkNode *head)
{
    if (head == NULL)
    {
        printf("Empty linked list");
    }
    else
    {
        struct LinkNode *temp = head;
        printf("Linked List Element : ");
        while (temp)
        {
            printf("%d  ", temp->data);
            // visit to next node
            temp = temp->next;
            if (temp == head)
            {
                break; //terminate loop
            }
        }
    }
}
int main()
{
    // Create node pointer
    struct CircularLinkedList *cll = newLinkedList();
    // insert element of linked list
    insert(cll, 1);
    insert(cll, 2);
    insert(cll, 3);
    insert(cll, 4);
    insert(cll, 5);
    insert(cll, 6);
    insert(cll, 7);
    insert(cll, 8);
    // display all nodes
    display(cll->head);
    return 0;
}

Output

Linked List Element : 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
package main
import "fmt"
// Go Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists

// Define class of linked list Node
type LinkNode struct {
    data int
    next * LinkNode
}
func getLinkNode(data int, first * LinkNode) * LinkNode {
    var me *LinkNode = &LinkNode {data,first}
    return me
}
type CircularLinkedList struct {
    head * LinkNode
}
func getCircularLinkedList() * CircularLinkedList {
    var me *CircularLinkedList = &CircularLinkedList {nil}
    return me
}
// Insert node at end of circular linked list
func(this *CircularLinkedList) insert(value int) {
    // Create a node
    var node * LinkNode = getLinkNode(value, this.head)
    if this.head == nil {
        // First node of linked list
        this.head = node
        node.next = this.head
    } else {
        var temp * LinkNode = this.head
        // Find last node
        for (temp.next != this.head) {
            // Visit to next node
            temp = temp.next
        }
        // Add new node at the last 
        temp.next = node
    }
}
// Display node element of circular linked list
func(this CircularLinkedList) display() {
    if this.head == nil {
        fmt.Println("Empty Linked List")
    } else {
        fmt.Print("Linked List Element :")
        var temp * LinkNode = this.head
        // iterate linked list
        for (temp != nil) {
            // Display node
            fmt.Print("  ", temp.data)
            // Visit to next node
            temp = temp.next
            if temp == this.head {
                // Stop iteration
                return
            }
        }
    }
}
func main() {
    var task * CircularLinkedList = getCircularLinkedList()
    // Add linked list node
    task.insert(1)
    task.insert(2)
    task.insert(3)
    task.insert(4)
    task.insert(5)
    task.insert(6)
    task.insert(7)
    task.insert(8)
    // Display node
    task.display()
}

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// Include namespace system
using System;
// Csharp Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists

// Define class of linked list Node
public class LinkNode
{
    public int data;
    public LinkNode next;
    public LinkNode(int data, LinkNode first)
    {
        this.data = data;
        this.next = first;
    }
}
public class CircularLinkedList
{
    public LinkNode head;
    // Class constructors
    CircularLinkedList()
    {
        this.head = null;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    public void insert(int value)
    {
        // Create a node
        LinkNode node = new LinkNode(value, this.head);
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this.head = node;
            node.next = this.head;
        }
        else
        {
            LinkNode temp = this.head;
            // Find last node
            while (temp.next != this.head)
            {
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
            }
            // Add new node at the last 
            temp.next = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    public void display()
    {
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            Console.Write("Linked List Element :");
            LinkNode temp = this.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != null)
            {
                // Display node
                Console.Write("  " + temp.data);
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
                if (temp == this.head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        CircularLinkedList task = new CircularLinkedList();
        // Add linked list node
        task.insert(1);
        task.insert(2);
        task.insert(3);
        task.insert(4);
        task.insert(5);
        task.insert(6);
        task.insert(7);
        task.insert(8);
        // Display node
        task.display();
    }
}

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
<?php
// Php Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    public $data;
    public $next;
    public  function __construct($data, $first)
    {
        $this->data = $data;
        $this->next = $first;
    }
}

class CircularLinkedList
{
    public $head;
    // Class constructors
    function __construct()
    {
        $this->head = NULL;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    public  function insert($value)
    {
        // Create a node
        $node = new LinkNode($value, $this->head);
        if ($this->head == NULL)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            $this->head = $node;
            $node->next = $this->head;
        }
        else
        {
            $temp = $this->head;
            // Find last node
            while ($temp->next != $this->head)
            {
                // Visit to next node
                $temp = $temp->next;
            }
            // Add new node at the last 
            $temp->next = $node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    public  function display()
    {
        if ($this->head == NULL)
        {
            printf("%s\n", "Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            printf("%s", "Linked List Element :");
            $temp = $this->head;
            // iterate linked list
            while ($temp != NULL)
            {
                // Display node
                printf("%s", "  ".strval($temp->data));
                // Visit to next node
                $temp = $temp->next;
                if ($temp == $this->head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    public static
    function main($args)
    {
        $task = new CircularLinkedList();
        // Add linked list node
        $task->insert(1);
        $task->insert(2);
        $task->insert(3);
        $task->insert(4);
        $task->insert(5);
        $task->insert(6);
        $task->insert(7);
        $task->insert(8);
        // Display node
        $task->display();
    }
}

CircularLinkedList::main(array());

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// Node JS Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    constructor(data, first)
    {
        this.data = data;
        this.next = first;
    }
}
class CircularLinkedList
{
    // Class constructors
    constructor()
    {
        this.head = null;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    insert(value)
    {
        // Create a node
        var node = new LinkNode(value, this.head);
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this.head = node;
            node.next = this.head;
        }
        else
        {
            var temp = this.head;
            // Find last node
            while (temp.next != this.head)
            {
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
            }
            // Add new node at the last 
            temp.next = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    display()
    {
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            console.log("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            process.stdout.write("Linked List Element :");
            var temp = this.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != null)
            {
                // Display node
                process.stdout.write("  " + temp.data);
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
                if (temp == this.head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

function main()
{
    var task = new CircularLinkedList();
    // Add linked list node
    task.insert(1);
    task.insert(2);
    task.insert(3);
    task.insert(4);
    task.insert(5);
    task.insert(6);
    task.insert(7);
    task.insert(8);
    // Display node
    task.display();
}
main();

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
#  Python 3 Program 
#  Insert node at last of circular linked lists

#  Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode :
    def __init__(self, data, first) :
        self.data = data
        self.next = first
    

class CircularLinkedList :
    #  Class constructors
    def __init__(self) :
        self.head = None
    
    #  Insert node at end of circular linked list
    def insert(self, value) :
        #  Create a node
        node = LinkNode(value, self.head)
        if (self.head == None) :
            #  First node of linked list
            self.head = node
            node.next = self.head
        else :
            temp = self.head
            #  Find last node
            while (temp.next != self.head) :
                #  Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next
            
            #  Add new node at the last 
            temp.next = node
        
    
    #  Display node element of circular linked list
    def display(self) :
        if (self.head == None) :
            print("Empty Linked List")
        else :
            print("Linked List Element :", end = "")
            temp = self.head
            #  iterate linked list
            while (temp != None) :
                #  Display node
                print("  ", temp.data, end = "")
                #  Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next
                if (temp == self.head) :
                    #  Stop iteration
                    return
                
            
        
    

def main() :
    task = CircularLinkedList()
    #  Add linked list node
    task.insert(1)
    task.insert(2)
    task.insert(3)
    task.insert(4)
    task.insert(5)
    task.insert(6)
    task.insert(7)
    task.insert(8)
    #  Display node
    task.display()

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

Linked List Element :   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8
#  Ruby Program 
#  Insert node at last of circular linked lists

#  Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode 
    # Define the accessor and reader of class LinkNode
    attr_reader :data, :next
    attr_accessor :data, :next
    def initialize(data, first) 
        self.data = data
        self.next = first
    end

end

class CircularLinkedList 
    # Define the accessor and reader of class CircularLinkedList
    attr_reader :head
    attr_accessor :head
    #  Class constructors
    def initialize() 
        self.head = nil
    end

    #  Insert node at end of circular linked list
    def insert(value) 
        #  Create a node
        node = LinkNode.new(value, self.head)
        if (self.head == nil) 
            #  First node of linked list
            self.head = node
            node.next = self.head
        else
 
            temp = self.head
            #  Find last node
            while (temp.next != self.head) 
                #  Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next
            end

            #  Add new node at the last 
            temp.next = node
        end

    end

    #  Display node element of circular linked list
    def display() 
        if (self.head == nil) 
            print("Empty Linked List", "\n")
        else
 
            print("Linked List Element :")
            temp = self.head
            #  iterate linked list
            while (temp != nil) 
                #  Display node
                print("  ", temp.data)
                #  Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next
                if (temp == self.head) 
                    #  Stop iteration
                    return
                end

            end

        end

    end

end

def main() 
    task = CircularLinkedList.new()
    #  Add linked list node
    task.insert(1)
    task.insert(2)
    task.insert(3)
    task.insert(4)
    task.insert(5)
    task.insert(6)
    task.insert(7)
    task.insert(8)
    #  Display node
    task.display()
end

main()

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// Scala Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode(var data: Int,
    var next: LinkNode);
class CircularLinkedList(var head: LinkNode)
{
    // Class constructors
    def this()
    {
        this(null);
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    def insert(value: Int): Unit = {
        // Create a node
        var node: LinkNode = new LinkNode(value, this.head);
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this.head = node;
            node.next = this.head;
        }
        else
        {
            var temp: LinkNode = this.head;
            // Find last node
            while (temp.next != this.head)
            {
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
            }
            // Add new node at the last 
            temp.next = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    def display(): Unit = {
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            println("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            print("Linked List Element :");
            var temp: LinkNode = this.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != null)
            {
                // Display node
                print("  " + temp.data);
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
                if (temp == head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
object Main
{
    def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
        var task: CircularLinkedList = new CircularLinkedList();
        // Add linked list node
        task.insert(1);
        task.insert(2);
        task.insert(3);
        task.insert(4);
        task.insert(5);
        task.insert(6);
        task.insert(7);
        task.insert(8);
        // Display node
        task.display();
    }
}

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// Swift 4 Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    var data: Int;
    var next: LinkNode? ;
    init(_ data: Int, _ first: LinkNode? )
    {
        self.data = data;
        self.next = first;
    }
}
class CircularLinkedList
{
    var head: LinkNode? ;
    // Class constructors
    init()
    {
        self.head = nil;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    func insert(_ value: Int)
    {
        // Create a node
        let node: LinkNode = LinkNode(value, self.head);
        if (self.head == nil)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            self.head = node;
            node.next = self.head;
        }
        else
        {
            var temp: LinkNode? = self.head;
            // Find last node
            while (!(temp!.next === self.head))
            {
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp!.next;
            }
            // Add new node at the last 
            temp!.next = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    func display()
    {
        if (self.head == nil)
        {
            print("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            print("Linked List Element :", terminator: "");
            var temp: LinkNode? = self.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp  != nil)
            {
                // Display node
                print("  ", temp!.data, terminator: "");
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp!.next;
                if (temp === self.head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
func main()
{
    let task: CircularLinkedList = CircularLinkedList();
    // Add linked list node
    task.insert(1);
    task.insert(2);
    task.insert(3);
    task.insert(4);
    task.insert(5);
    task.insert(6);
    task.insert(7);
    task.insert(8);
    // Display node
    task.display();
}
main();

Output

Linked List Element :   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8
// Kotlin Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    var data: Int;
    var next: LinkNode ? ;
    constructor(data: Int, first: LinkNode ? )
    {
        this.data = data;
        this.next = first;
    }
}
class CircularLinkedList
{
    var head: LinkNode ? ;
    // Class constructors
    constructor()
    {
        this.head = null;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    fun insert(value: Int): Unit
    {
        // Create a node
        val node: LinkNode = LinkNode(value, this.head);
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this.head = node;
            node.next = this.head;
        }
        else
        {
            var temp: LinkNode ? = this.head;
            // Find last node
            while (temp?.next != this.head)
            {
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp?.next;
            }
            // Add new node at the last 
            temp?.next = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    fun display(): Unit
    {
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            println("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            print("Linked List Element :");
            var temp: LinkNode ? = this.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != null)
            {
                // Display node
                print("  " + temp.data);
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
                if (temp == this.head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
fun main(args: Array < String > ): Unit
{
    val task: CircularLinkedList = CircularLinkedList();
    // Add linked list node
    task.insert(1);
    task.insert(2);
    task.insert(3);
    task.insert(4);
    task.insert(5);
    task.insert(6);
    task.insert(7);
    task.insert(8);
    // Display node
    task.display();
}

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8

Method 2 : In this scenario used two pointer head and tail. head are store the reference of first inserted nodes. And tail are store the reference of current insert linked list node.

Insert node at last position by using head & tail pointer
// Java Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail 

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    public int data;
    public LinkNode next;
    public LinkNode(int data, LinkNode first)
    {
        this.data = data;
        this.next = first;
    }
}
public class CircularLinkedList
{
    public LinkNode head;
    public LinkNode tail;
    // Class constructors
    CircularLinkedList()
    {
        this.head = null;
        this.tail = null;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    public void insert(int value)
    {
        // Create a node
        LinkNode node = new LinkNode(value, this.head);
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this.head = node;
            node.next = this.head;
            this.tail = node;
        }
        else
        {
            this.tail.next = node;
            this.tail = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    public void display()
    {
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            System.out.println("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            System.out.print("Linked List Element :");
            LinkNode temp = this.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != null)
            {
                // Display node
                System.out.print("  " + temp.data);
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
                if (temp == head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        CircularLinkedList task = new CircularLinkedList();
        // Add linked list node
        task.insert(1);
        task.insert(2);
        task.insert(3);
        task.insert(4);
        task.insert(5);
        task.insert(6);
        task.insert(7);
        task.insert(8);
        // Display node
        task.display();
    }
}
Appending new node at the end using tail node

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// Include namespace system
using System;
// Csharp Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail 

// Define class of linked list Node
public class LinkNode
{
    public int data;
    public LinkNode next;
    public LinkNode(int data, LinkNode first)
    {
        this.data = data;
        this.next = first;
    }
}
public class CircularLinkedList
{
    public LinkNode head;
    public LinkNode tail;
    // Class constructors
    CircularLinkedList()
    {
        this.head = null;
        this.tail = null;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    public void insert(int value)
    {
        // Create a node
        LinkNode node = new LinkNode(value, this.head);
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this.head = node;
            node.next = this.head;
            this.tail = node;
        }
        else
        {
            this.tail.next = node;
            this.tail = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    public void display()
    {
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            Console.Write("Linked List Element :");
            LinkNode temp = this.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != null)
            {
                // Display node
                Console.Write("  " + temp.data);
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
                if (temp == this.head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        CircularLinkedList task = new CircularLinkedList();
        // Add linked list node
        task.insert(1);
        task.insert(2);
        task.insert(3);
        task.insert(4);
        task.insert(5);
        task.insert(6);
        task.insert(7);
        task.insert(8);
        // Display node
        task.display();
    }
}

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// Include header file
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
// C++ Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail 

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    public: int data;
    LinkNode *next;
    LinkNode(int data, LinkNode *first)
    {
        this->data = data;
        this->next = first;
    }
};
class CircularLinkedList
{
    public: LinkNode *head;
    LinkNode *tail;
    // Class constructors
    CircularLinkedList()
    {
        this->head = NULL;
        this->tail = NULL;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    void insert(int value)
    {
        // Create a node
        LinkNode *node = new LinkNode(value, this->head);
        if (this->head == NULL)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this->head = node;
            node->next = this->head;
            this->tail = node;
        }
        else
        {
            this->tail->next = node;
            this->tail = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    void display()
    {
        if (this->head == NULL)
        {
            cout << "Empty Linked List" << endl;
        }
        else
        {
            cout << "Linked List Element :";
            LinkNode *temp = this->head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != NULL)
            {
                // Display node
                cout << "  " << temp->data;
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp->next;
                if (temp == this->head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
};
int main()
{
    CircularLinkedList *task = new CircularLinkedList();
    // Add linked list node
    task->insert(1);
    task->insert(2);
    task->insert(3);
    task->insert(4);
    task->insert(5);
    task->insert(6);
    task->insert(7);
    task->insert(8);
    // Display node
    task->display();
    return 0;
}

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// C Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail pointer
#include <stdio.h>
 // for malloc function
#include <stdlib.h>

struct LinkNode
{
    int data;
    struct LinkNode *next;
};
struct CircularLinkedList
{
    struct LinkNode *head;
    struct LinkNode *tail;
};
// Returns the new linked list
struct CircularLinkedList *newLinkedList()
{
    // Create memory of head and tail Nodes
    struct CircularLinkedList *cll = (struct CircularLinkedList *)
    malloc(sizeof(struct CircularLinkedList));
    if (cll == NULL)
    {
        printf("Memory overflow\n");
    }
    else
    {
        cll->head = NULL;
        cll->tail = NULL;
    }
    return cll;
}
// Insert node at end of circular linked list
void insert(struct CircularLinkedList *cll, int value)
{
    // Create a node
    struct LinkNode *node = (struct LinkNode *) malloc(sizeof(struct LinkNode));
    if (node == NULL)
    {
        // Overflow
        return;
    }
    node->data = value;
    node->next = cll->head;
    if (cll->head == NULL)
    {
        // First node of linked list
        cll->head = node;
        cll->tail = node;
        node->next = cll->head;
    }
    else
    {
          cll->tail->next = node;

          // New tail node
          cll->tail = node;

    }
}
//display element of linked list
void display(struct LinkNode *head)
{
    if (head == NULL)
    {
        printf("Empty linked list");
    }
    else
    {
        struct LinkNode *temp = head;
        printf("Linked List Element : ");
        while (temp)
        {
            printf("%d  ", temp->data);
            // visit to next node
            temp = temp->next;
            if (temp == head)
            {
                break; //terminate loop
            }
        }
    }
}
int main()
{
    // Create node pointer
    struct CircularLinkedList *cll = newLinkedList();
    // insert element of linked list
    insert(cll, 1);
    insert(cll, 2);
    insert(cll, 3);
    insert(cll, 4);
    insert(cll, 5);
    insert(cll, 6);
    insert(cll, 7);
    insert(cll, 8);
    // display all nodes
    display(cll->head);
    return 0;
}

Output

Linked List Element : 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
package main
import "fmt"
// Go Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail 

// Define class of linked list Node
type LinkNode struct {
    data int
    next * LinkNode
}
func getLinkNode(data int, first * LinkNode) * LinkNode {
    var me *LinkNode = &LinkNode {}
    me.data = data
    me.next = first
    return me
}
type CircularLinkedList struct {
    head * LinkNode
    tail * LinkNode
}
func getCircularLinkedList() * CircularLinkedList {
    var me *CircularLinkedList = &CircularLinkedList {}
    me.head = nil
    me.tail = nil
    return me
}
// Insert node at end of circular linked list
func(this *CircularLinkedList) insert(value int) {
    // Create a node
    var node * LinkNode = getLinkNode(value, this.head)
    if this.head == nil {
        // First node of linked list
        this.head = node
        node.next = this.head
        this.tail = node
    } else {
        this.tail.next = node
        this.tail = node
    }
}
// Display node element of circular linked list
func(this CircularLinkedList) display() {
    if this.head == nil {
        fmt.Println("Empty Linked List")
    } else {
        fmt.Print("Linked List Element :")
        var temp * LinkNode = this.head
        // iterate linked list
        for (temp != nil) {
            // Display node
            fmt.Print(" ", temp.data)
            // Visit to next node
            temp = temp.next
            if temp == this.head {
                // Stop iteration
                return
            }
        }
    }
}
func main() {
    var task * CircularLinkedList = getCircularLinkedList()
    // Add linked list node
    task.insert(1)
    task.insert(2)
    task.insert(3)
    task.insert(4)
    task.insert(5)
    task.insert(6)
    task.insert(7)
    task.insert(8)
    // Display node
    task.display()
}

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
<?php
// Php Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail 

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    public $data;
    public $next;
    public  function __construct($data, $first)
    {
        $this->data = $data;
        $this->next = $first;
    }
}
class CircularLinkedList
{
    public $head;
    public $tail;
    // Class constructors
    function __construct()
    {
        $this->head = NULL;
        $this->tail = NULL;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    public  function insert($value)
    {
        // Create a node
        $node = new LinkNode($value, $this->head);
        if ($this->head == NULL)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            $this->head = $node;
            $node->next = $this->head;
            $this->tail = $node;
        }
        else
        {
            $this->tail->next = $node;
            $this->tail = $node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    public  function display()
    {
        if ($this->head == NULL)
        {
            printf("%s\n", "Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            printf("%s", "Linked List Element :");
            $temp = $this->head;
            // iterate linked list
            while ($temp != NULL)
            {
                // Display node
                printf("%s", "  ".strval($temp->data));
                // Visit to next node
                $temp = $temp->next;
                if ($temp == $this->head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    public static
    function main($args)
    {
        $task = new CircularLinkedList();
        // Add linked list node
        $task->insert(1);
        $task->insert(2);
        $task->insert(3);
        $task->insert(4);
        $task->insert(5);
        $task->insert(6);
        $task->insert(7);
        $task->insert(8);
        // Display node
        $task->display();
    }
}

CircularLinkedList::main(array());

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// Node JS Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail 

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    constructor(data, first)
    {
        this.data = data;
        this.next = first;
    }
}
class CircularLinkedList
{
    // Class constructors
    constructor()
    {
        this.head = null;
        this.tail = null;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    insert(value)
    {
        // Create a node
        var node = new LinkNode(value, this.head);
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this.head = node;
            node.next = this.head;
            this.tail = node;
        }
        else
        {
            this.tail.next = node;
            this.tail = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    display()
    {
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            console.log("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            process.stdout.write("Linked List Element :");
            var temp = this.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != null)
            {
                // Display node
                process.stdout.write("  " + temp.data);
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
                if (temp == this.head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

function main()
{
    var task = new CircularLinkedList();
    // Add linked list node
    task.insert(1);
    task.insert(2);
    task.insert(3);
    task.insert(4);
    task.insert(5);
    task.insert(6);
    task.insert(7);
    task.insert(8);
    // Display node
    task.display();
}
main();

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
#  Python 3 Program 
#  Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail 

#  Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode :
    def __init__(self, data, first) :
        self.data = data
        self.next = first
    

class CircularLinkedList :
    #  Class constructors
    def __init__(self) :
        self.head = None
        self.tail = None
    
    #  Insert node at end of circular linked list
    def insert(self, value) :
        #  Create a node
        node = LinkNode(value, self.head)
        if (self.head == None) :
            #  First node of linked list
            self.head = node
            node.next = self.head
            self.tail = node
        else :
            self.tail.next = node
            self.tail = node
        
    
    #  Display node element of circular linked list
    def display(self) :
        if (self.head == None) :
            print("Empty Linked List")
        else :
            print("Linked List Element :", end = "")
            temp = self.head
            #  iterate linked list
            while (temp != None) :
                #  Display node
                print(" ", temp.data, end = "")
                #  Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next
                if (temp == self.head) :
                    #  Stop iteration
                    return
                
            
        
    

def main() :
    task = CircularLinkedList()
    #  Add linked list node
    task.insert(1)
    task.insert(2)
    task.insert(3)
    task.insert(4)
    task.insert(5)
    task.insert(6)
    task.insert(7)
    task.insert(8)
    #  Display node
    task.display()

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
#  Ruby Program 
#  Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail 

#  Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode 
    # Define the accessor and reader of class LinkNode
    attr_reader :data, :next
    attr_accessor :data, :next
    def initialize(data, first) 
        self.data = data
        self.next = first
    end

end

class CircularLinkedList 
    # Define the accessor and reader of class CircularLinkedList
    attr_reader :head, :tail
    attr_accessor :head, :tail
    #  Class constructors
    def initialize() 
        self.head = nil
        self.tail = nil
    end

    #  Insert node at end of circular linked list
    def insert(value) 
        #  Create a node
        node = LinkNode.new(value, self.head)
        if (self.head == nil) 
            #  First node of linked list
            self.head = node
            node.next = self.head
            self.tail = node
        else
 
            self.tail.next = node
            self.tail = node
        end

    end

    #  Display node element of circular linked list
    def display() 
        if (self.head == nil) 
            print("Empty Linked List", "\n")
        else
 
            print("Linked List Element :")
            temp = self.head
            #  iterate linked list
            while (temp != nil) 
                #  Display node
                print("  ", temp.data)
                #  Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next
                if (temp == self.head) 
                    #  Stop iteration
                    return
                end

            end

        end

    end

end

def main() 
    task = CircularLinkedList.new()
    #  Add linked list node
    task.insert(1)
    task.insert(2)
    task.insert(3)
    task.insert(4)
    task.insert(5)
    task.insert(6)
    task.insert(7)
    task.insert(8)
    #  Display node
    task.display()
end

main()

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// Scala Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail 

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode(var data: Int,
    var next: LinkNode);
class CircularLinkedList(var head: LinkNode,
    var tail: LinkNode)
{
    // Class constructors
    def this()
    {
        this(null, null);
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    def insert(value: Int): Unit = {
        // Create a node
        var node: LinkNode = new LinkNode(value, this.head);
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this.head = node;
            node.next = this.head;
            this.tail = node;
        }
        else
        {
            this.tail.next = node;
            this.tail = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    def display(): Unit = {
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            println("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            print("Linked List Element :");
            var temp: LinkNode = this.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != null)
            {
                // Display node
                print("  " + temp.data);
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
                if (temp == head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
object Main
{
    def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
        var task: CircularLinkedList = new CircularLinkedList();
        // Add linked list node
        task.insert(1);
        task.insert(2);
        task.insert(3);
        task.insert(4);
        task.insert(5);
        task.insert(6);
        task.insert(7);
        task.insert(8);
        // Display node
        task.display();
    }
}

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// Swift 4 Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail 

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    var data: Int;
    var next: LinkNode? ;
    init(_ data: Int, _ first: LinkNode? )
    {
        self.data = data;
        self.next = first;
    }
}
class CircularLinkedList
{
    var head: LinkNode? ;
    var tail: LinkNode? ;
    // Class constructors
    init()
    {
        self.head = nil;
        self.tail = nil;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    func insert(_ value: Int)
    {
        // Create a node
        let node: LinkNode = LinkNode(value, self.head);
        if (self.head == nil)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            self.head = node;
            node.next = self.head;
            self.tail = node;
        }
        else
        {
            self.tail!.next = node;
            self.tail = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    func display()
    {
        if (self.head == nil)
        {
            print("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            print("Linked List Element :", terminator: "");
            var temp: LinkNode? = self.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp  != nil)
            {
                // Display node
                print(" ", temp!.data, terminator: "");
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp!.next;
                if (temp === self.head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
func main()
{
    let task: CircularLinkedList = CircularLinkedList();
    // Add linked list node
    task.insert(1);
    task.insert(2);
    task.insert(3);
    task.insert(4);
    task.insert(5);
    task.insert(6);
    task.insert(7);
    task.insert(8);
    // Display node
    task.display();
}
main();

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
// Kotlin Program 
// Insert node at last of circular linked lists using tail 

// Define class of linked list Node
class LinkNode
{
    var data: Int;
    var next: LinkNode ? ;
    constructor(data: Int, first: LinkNode ? )
    {
        this.data = data;
        this.next = first;
    }
}
class CircularLinkedList
{
    var head: LinkNode ? ;
    var tail: LinkNode ? ;
    // Class constructors
    constructor()
    {
        this.head = null;
        this.tail = null;
    }
    // Insert node at end of circular linked list
    fun insert(value: Int): Unit
    {
        // Create a node
        val node: LinkNode = LinkNode(value, this.head);
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            // First node of linked list
            this.head = node;
            node.next = this.head;
            this.tail = node;
        }
        else
        {
            this.tail?.next = node;
            this.tail = node;
        }
    }
    // Display node element of circular linked list
    fun display(): Unit
    {
        if (this.head == null)
        {
            println("Empty Linked List");
        }
        else
        {
            print("Linked List Element :");
            var temp: LinkNode ? = this.head;
            // iterate linked list
            while (temp != null)
            {
                // Display node
                print("  " + temp.data);
                // Visit to next node
                temp = temp.next;
                if (temp == this.head)
                {
                    // Stop iteration
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
fun main(args: Array < String > ): Unit
{
    val task: CircularLinkedList = CircularLinkedList();
    // Add linked list node
    task.insert(1);
    task.insert(2);
    task.insert(3);
    task.insert(4);
    task.insert(5);
    task.insert(6);
    task.insert(7);
    task.insert(8);
    // Display node
    task.display();
}

Output

Linked List Element :  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8

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