Find second largest element in an array using recursion

Here given code implementation process.

//C Program 
//Find second largest element in an array using recursion
#include <stdio.h>

#include <limits.h>

//Find the second largest element in array
//Assume that array contains more than 2 elements and 
//Array is not contain all similar element
void second_largest(int arr[], int location, int *first, int *second)
{
	if (location < 0)
	{
		//Condition which is controlling the process of recursion
		return;
	}
	else
	{
		//Check whether given location array element is greater than of first largest element or not
		if ( *first < arr[location])
		{
			if ( *second < *first)
			{
				//When previous is a second largest element
				*second = *first;
			}
			//When get a new largest element
			*first = arr[location];
		}
		else if ( *second < arr[location])
		{
			//When get a new second largest element
			*second = arr[location];
		}
		//Recursive execute process
		second_largest(arr, location - 1, first, second);
	}
}
//This is handling the process of to find the second largest element in array
void find_largest(int arr[], int size)
{
	if (size <= 0)
	{
		return;
	}
	//Define two variable which is storing the information of 
	// first and second largest element
	// Get first element of array
	int first = arr[0];
	int second = INT_MIN;
	second_largest(arr, size - 1, & first, & second);
	//Display result
	printf("Second largest : %d\n", second);
}
int main()
{
	//Define collection of array elements
	int arr[] = {
		10 , 3 , 23 , 86 , 8 , 31 , 9 , 48 , 5 , 7
	};
	//Get the size of array
	int size = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
	find_largest(arr, size);
	return 0;
}

Output

Second largest : 48
// Java Program
// Find second largest element in an array using recursion
class MyArray
{
	public int first;
	public int second;
	public MyArray()
	{
		this.first = 0;
		this.second = 0;
	}
	//Find the second largest element in array
	//Assume that array contains more than 2 elements and 
	//Array is not contain all similar element
	public void second_largest(int[] arr, int location)
	{
		if (location < 0)
		{
			//Condition which is controlling the process of recursion
			return;
		}
		else
		{
			//Check whether given location array element is greater than of first largest element or not
			if (this.first < arr[location])
			{
				if (this.second < this.first)
				{
					//When previous is a second largest element
					this.second = this.first;
				}
				//When get a new largest element
				this.first = arr[location];
			}
			else if (this.second < arr[location])
			{
				//When get a new second largest element
				this.second = arr[location];
			}
			//Recursive execute process
			second_largest(arr, location - 1);
		}
	}
	//This is handling the process of to find the second largest element in array
	public void find_largest(int[] arr, int size)
	{
		if (size <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		//Define two variable which is storing the information of 
		// first and second largest element
		// Get first element of array
		this.first = arr[0];
		this.second = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
		second_largest(arr, size - 1);
		System.out.print("Second largest : " + second + "\n");
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		MyArray obj = new MyArray();
		//Define collection of array elements
		int[] arr = {
			10 , 3 , 23 , 86 , 8 , 31 , 9 , 48 , 5 , 7
		};
		//Get the size of array
		int size = arr.length;
		obj.find_largest(arr, size);
	}
}

Output

Second largest : 48
//Include header file
#include <iostream>

#include<limits.h>

using namespace std;
// C++ Program
// Find second largest element in an array using recursion
class MyArray
{
	public: int first;
	int second;
	MyArray()
	{
		this->first = 0;
		this->second = 0;
	}
	//Find the second largest element in array
	//Assume that array contains more than 2 elements and 
	//Array is not contain all similar element
	void second_largest(int arr[], int location)
	{
		if (location < 0)
		{
			//Condition which is controlling the process of recursion
			return;
		}
		else
		{
			//Check whether given location array element is greater than of first largest element or not
			if (this->first < arr[location])
			{
				if (this->second < this->first)
				{
					//When previous is a second largest element
					this->second = this->first;
				}
				//When get a new largest element
				this->first = arr[location];
			}
			else if (this->second < arr[location])
			{
				//When get a new second largest element
				this->second = arr[location];
			}
			//Recursive execute process
			this->second_largest(arr, location - 1);
		}
	}
	//This is handling the process of to find the second largest element in array
	void find_largest(int arr[], int size)
	{
		if (size <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		//Define two variable which is storing the information of 
		// first and second largest element
		// Get first element of array
		this->first = arr[0];
		this->second = INT_MIN;
		this->second_largest(arr, size - 1);
		cout << "Second largest : " << this->second << "\n";
	}
};
int main()
{
	MyArray obj = MyArray();
	int arr[] = {
		10 , 3 , 23 , 86 , 8 , 31 , 9 , 48 , 5 , 7
	};
	//Get the size of array
	int size = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
	obj.find_largest(arr, size);
	return 0;
}

Output

Second largest : 48
//Include namespace system
using System;

// C# Program
// Find second largest element in an array using recursion
class MyArray
{
	public int first;
	public int second;
	public MyArray()
	{
		this.first = 0;
		this.second = 0;
	}
	//Find the second largest element in array
	//Assume that array contains more than 2 elements and 
	//Array is not contain all similar element
	public void second_largest(int[] arr, int location)
	{
		if (location < 0)
		{
			//Condition which is controlling the process of recursion
			return;
		}
		else
		{
			//Check whether given location array element is greater than of first largest element or not
			if (this.first < arr[location])
			{
				if (this.second < this.first)
				{
					//When previous is a second largest element
					this.second = this.first;
				}
				//When get a new largest element
				this.first = arr[location];
			}
			else if (this.second < arr[location])
			{
				//When get a new second largest element
				this.second = arr[location];
			}
			//Recursive execute process
			second_largest(arr, location - 1);
		}
	}
	//This is handling the process of to find the second largest element in array
	public void find_largest(int[] arr, int size)
	{
		if (size <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		//Define two variable which is storing the information of 
		// first and second largest element
		// Get first element of array
		this.first = arr[0];
		this.second = int.MinValue;
		second_largest(arr, size - 1);
		Console.Write("Second largest : " + second + "\n");
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		MyArray obj = new MyArray();
		int[] arr = {
			10 , 3 , 23 , 86 , 8 , 31 , 9 , 48 , 5 , 7
		};
		//Get the size of array
		int size = arr.Length;
		obj.find_largest(arr, size);
	}
}

Output

Second largest : 48
<?php
// Php Program
// Find second largest element in an array using recursion
class MyArray
{
	public $first;
	public $second;

	function __construct()
	{
		$this->first = 0;
		$this->second = 0;
	}
	//Find the second largest element in array
	//Assume that array contains more than 2 elements and 
	//Array is not contain all similar element
	public	function second_largest( & $arr, $location)
	{
		if ($location < 0)
		{
			//Condition which is controlling the process of recursion
			return;
		}
		else
		{
			//Check whether given location array element is greater than of first largest element or not
			if ($this->first < $arr[$location])
			{
				if ($this->second < $this->first)
				{
					//When previous is a second largest element
					$this->second = $this->first;
				}
				//When get a new largest element
				$this->first = $arr[$location];
			}
			else if ($this->second < $arr[$location])
			{
				//When get a new second largest element
				$this->second = $arr[$location];
			}
			//Recursive execute process
			$this->second_largest($arr, $location - 1);
		}
	}
	//This is handling the process of to find the second largest element in array
	public	function find_largest( & $arr, $size)
	{
		if ($size <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		//Define two variable which is storing the information of 
		// first and second largest element
		// Get first element of array
		$this->first = $arr[0];
		$this->second = -PHP_INT_MAX;
		$this->second_largest($arr, $size - 1);
		echo "Second largest : ". $this->second ."\n";
	}
}

function main()
{
	$obj = new MyArray();
	//Define collection of array elements
	$arr = array(10, 3, 23, 86, 8, 31, 9, 48, 5, 7);
	//Get the size of array
	$size = count($arr);
	$obj->find_largest($arr, $size);
}
main();

Output

Second largest : 48
// Node Js Program
// Find second largest element in an array using recursion
class MyArray
{
	constructor()
	{
		this.first = 0;
		this.second = 0;
	}
	//Find the second largest element in array
	//Assume that array contains more than 2 elements and 
	//Array is not contain all similar element
	second_largest(arr, location)
	{
		if (location < 0)
		{
			//Condition which is controlling the process of recursion
			return;
		}
		else
		{
			//Check whether given location array element is greater than of first largest element or not
			if (this.first < arr[location])
			{
				if (this.second < this.first)
				{
					//When previous is a second largest element
					this.second = this.first;
				}
				//When get a new largest element
				this.first = arr[location];
			}
			else if (this.second < arr[location])
			{
				//When get a new second largest element
				this.second = arr[location];
			}
			//Recursive execute process
			this.second_largest(arr, location - 1);
		}
	}
	//This is handling the process of to find the second largest element in array
	find_largest(arr, size)
	{
		if (size <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		//Define two variable which is storing the information of 
		// first and second largest element
		// Get first element of array
		this.first = arr[0];
		this.second = -Number.MAX_VALUE;
		this.second_largest(arr, size - 1);
		process.stdout.write("Second largest : " + this.second + "\n");
	}
}

function main()
{
	var obj = new MyArray();
	//Define collection of array elements
	var arr = [10, 3, 23, 86, 8, 31, 9, 48, 5, 7];
	//Get the size of array
	var size = arr.length;
	obj.find_largest(arr, size);
}
main();

Output

Second largest : 48
import sys

#  Python 3 Program
#  Find second largest element in an array using recursion
class MyArray :
	
	def __init__(self) :
		self.first = 0
		self.second = 0
	
	# Find the second largest element in array
	# Assume that array contains more than 2 elements and 
	# Array is not contain all similar element
	def second_largest(self, arr, location) :
		if (location < 0) :
			# Condition which is controlling the process of recursion
			return
		else :
			# Check whether given location array element is greater than of first largest element or not
			if (self.first < arr[location]) :
				if (self.second < self.first) :
					# When previous is a second largest element
					self.second = self.first
				
				# When get a new largest element
				self.first = arr[location]
			
			elif(self.second < arr[location]) :
				# When get a new second largest element
				self.second = arr[location]
			
			# Recursive execute process
			self.second_largest(arr, location - 1)
		
	
	# This is handling the process of to find the second largest element in array
	def find_largest(self, arr, size) :
		if (size <= 0) :
			return
		
		# Define two variable which is storing the information of 
		#  first and second largest element
		#  Get first element of array
		self.first = arr[0]
		self.second = -sys.maxsize
		self.second_largest(arr, size - 1)
		print("Second largest : ", self.second ,"\n", end = "")
	

def main() :
	obj = MyArray()
	# Define collection of array elements
	arr = [10, 3, 23, 86, 8, 31, 9, 48, 5, 7]
	# Get the size of array
	size = len(arr)
	obj.find_largest(arr, size)

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

Second largest :  48
#  Ruby Program
#  Find second largest element in an array using recursion
class MyArray 

	# Define the accessor and reader of class MyArray  
	attr_reader :first, :second
	attr_accessor :first, :second

	def initialize()
		self.first = 0
		self.second = 0
	end
	# Find the second largest element in array
	# Assume that array contains more than 2 elements and 
	# Array is not contain all similar element
	def second_largest(arr, location)
	
		if (location < 0)
		
			# Condition which is controlling the process of recursion
			return
		else
		
			# Check whether given location array element is greater than of first largest element or not
			if (self.first < arr[location])
			
				if (self.second < self.first)
				
					# When previous is a second largest element
					self.second = self.first
				end
				# When get a new largest element
				self.first = arr[location]
			elsif(self.second < arr[location])
			
				# When get a new second largest element
				self.second = arr[location]
			end
			# Recursive execute process
			self.second_largest(arr, location - 1)
		end
	end
	# This is handling the process of to find the second largest element in array
	def find_largest(arr, size)
	
		if (size <= 0)
		
			return
		end
		# Define two variable which is storing the information of 
		#  first and second largest element
		#  Get first element of array
		self.first = arr[0]
		self.second = -(2 ** (0. size * 8 - 2))
		self.second_largest(arr, size - 1)
		print("Second largest : ", @second ,"\n")
	end
end
def main()

	obj = MyArray.new()
	# Define collection of array elements
	arr = [10, 3, 23, 86, 8, 31, 9, 48, 5, 7]
	# Get the size of array
	size = arr.length
	obj.find_largest(arr, size)
end
main()

Output

Second largest : 48
// Scala Program
// Find second largest element in an array using recursion
class MyArray(var first: Int,
	var second: Int)
{
	def this()
	{
		this(0, 0);
	}
	//Find the second largest element in array
	//Assume that array contains more than 2 elements and 
	//Array is not contain all similar element
	def second_largest(arr: Array[Int], location: Int): Unit = {
		if (location < 0)
		{
			//Condition which is controlling the process of recursion
			return;
		}
		else
		{
			//Check whether given location array element is greater than of first largest element or not
			if (this.first < arr(location))
			{
				if (this.second < this.first)
				{
					//When previous is a second largest element
					this.second = this.first;
				}
				//When get a new largest element
				this.first = arr(location);
			}
			else if (this.second < arr(location))
			{
				//When get a new second largest element
				this.second = arr(location);
			}
			//Recursive execute process
			second_largest(arr, location - 1);
		}
	}
	//This is handling the process of to find the second largest element in array
	def find_largest(arr: Array[Int], size: Int): Unit = {
		if (size <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		//Define two variable which is storing the information of 
		// first and second largest element
		// Get first element of array
		this.first = arr(0);
		this.second = Int.MinValue;
		second_largest(arr, size - 1);
		print("Second largest : " + second + "\n");
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		var obj: MyArray = new MyArray();
		//Define collection of array elements
		var arr: Array[Int] = Array(10, 3, 23, 86, 8, 31, 9, 48, 5, 7);
		//Get the size of array
		var size: Int = arr.length;
		obj.find_largest(arr, size);
	}
}

Output

Second largest : 48
// Swift Program
// Find second largest element in an array using recursion
class MyArray
{
	var first: Int;
	var second: Int;
	init()
	{
		self.first = 0;
		self.second = 0;
	}
	//Find the second largest element in array
	//Assume that array contains more than 2 elements and 
	//Array is not contain all similar element
	func second_largest(_ arr: [Int], _ location: Int)
	{
		if (location < 0)
		{
			//Condition which is controlling the process of recursion
			return;
		}
		else
		{
			//Check whether given location array element is greater than of first largest element or not
			if (self.first < arr[location])
			{
				if (self.second < self.first)
				{
					//When previous is a second largest element
					self.second = self.first;
				}
				//When get a new largest element
				self.first = arr[location];
			}
			else if (self.second < arr[location])
			{
				//When get a new second largest element
				self.second = arr[location];
			}
			//Recursive execute process
			self.second_largest(arr, location - 1);
		}
	}
	//This is handling the process of to find the second largest element in array
	func find_largest(_ arr: [Int], _ size: Int)
	{
		if (size <= 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		//Define two variable which is storing the information of 
		// first and second largest element
		// Get first element of array
		self.first = arr[0];
		self.second = Int.min;
		self.second_largest(arr, size - 1);
		print("Second largest : ", self.second ,"\n", terminator: "");
	}
}
func main()
{
	let obj: MyArray = MyArray();
	//Define collection of array elements
	let arr: [Int] = [10, 3, 23, 86, 8, 31, 9, 48, 5, 7];
	//Get the size of array
	let size: Int = arr.count;
	obj.find_largest(arr, size);
}
main();

Output

Second largest :  48


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