Find minimum node in binary search tree

Here given code implementation process.

//C Program 
//Find minimum node in binary search tree
#include <stdio.h>

#include <stdlib.h>
 //structure of Binary Search Tree node
struct Node
{
	int data;
	struct Node *left, *right;
};
//Adding a new node in binary search tree
void add_node(struct Node **root, int data)
{
	//Create a dynamic node of binary search tree 
	struct Node *new_node = (struct Node *) malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
	if (new_node != NULL)
	{
		//Set data and pointer values
		new_node->data = data;
		new_node->left = NULL; //Initially node left-pointer is NULL
		new_node->right = NULL; //Initially node right-pointer is NULL
		if ( *root == NULL)
		{
			//When adds a first node in binary tree
			*root = new_node;
		}
		else
		{
			struct Node *find = *root;
			//iterate binary tree and add new node to proper position
			while (find != NULL)
			{
				if (find->data > data)
				{
					if (find->left == NULL)
					{
						find->left = new_node;
						break;
					}
					else
					{ //visit left sub-tree
						find = find->left;
					}
				}
				else
				{
					if (find->right == NULL)
					{
						find->right = new_node;
						break;
					}
					else
					{
						//visit right sub-tree
						find = find->right;
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}
	else
	{
		printf("Memory Overflow\n");
		exit(0); //Terminate program execution
	}
}
//Find and print minimum node of binary search tree
void min_node(struct Node *root)
{
	if (root == NULL)
	{
		printf("\n Empty Tree");
	}
	else
	{
		printf(" Minimum node is : ");
		struct Node *temp = root;
		//Find leftmost node from to root
		while (temp->left != NULL)
		{
			//Visit left node
			temp = temp->left;
		}
		//Display node value
		printf("%d\n", temp->data);
	}
}
int main()
{
	struct Node *root = NULL;
	//Add nodes in binary search tree
	/*
	       5
	     /    \
	    3      9
	   / \     / \
	 -7   4   8   11
	   \     /      \
	    2   7        12
	*/
	add_node( & root, 5);
	add_node( & root, 3);
	add_node( & root, 9);
	add_node( & root, -7);
	add_node( & root, 4);
	add_node( & root, 8);
	add_node( & root, 11);
	add_node( & root, 12);
	add_node( & root, 7);
	add_node( & root, 2);
	min_node(root);
	return 0;
}

Output

 Minimum node is : -7
//Java program
//Find minimum node in binary search tree
//Binary Tree Node
class Node
{
	public int data;
	public Node left;
	public Node right;
	public Node(int data)
	{
		this.data = data;
		this.left = null;
		this.right = null;
	}
}
class BinarySearchTree
{
	public Node root;
	//Class constructors
	public BinarySearchTree()
	{
		root = null;
	}
	//insert  element
	public void add_node(int data)
	{
		//Create a new binary tree node
		Node new_node = new Node(data);
		if (new_node != null)
		{
			if (this.root == null)
			{
				//When adds a first node in binary tree
				this.root = new_node;
			}
			else
			{
				Node find = this.root;
				//add new node to proper position
				while (find != null)
				{
					if (find.data >= data)
					{
						if (find.left == null)
						{
							find.left = new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit left sub-tree
							find = find.left;
						}
					}
					else
					{
						if (find.right == null)
						{
							find.right = new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit right sub-tree
							find = find.right;
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		else
		{
			System.out.println("Memory Overflow");
		}
	}
	//Find and print minimum node of binary search tree
	public void min_node()
	{
		if (root == null)
		{
			System.out.print("\n Empty Tree");
		}
		else
		{
			System.out.print(" Minimum node is : ");
			Node temp = root;
			//Find leftmost node from to root
			while (temp.left != null)
			{
				//Visit left node
				temp = temp.left;
			}
			System.out.print(" " + temp.data + "\n");
		}
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		BinarySearchTree obj = new BinarySearchTree();
		//Create binary search tree
		/*
		       5
		     /    \
		    3      9
		   / \     / \
		 -7   4   8   11
		   \     /      \
		    2   7        12
		*/
		obj.add_node(5);
		obj.add_node(3);
		obj.add_node(9);
		obj.add_node(-7);
		obj.add_node(4);
		obj.add_node(8);
		obj.add_node(11);
		obj.add_node(12);
		obj.add_node(7);
		obj.add_node(2);
		obj.min_node();
	}
}

Output

 Minimum node is :  -7
//Include header file
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

//C++ program
//Find minimum node in binary search tree
//Binary Tree Node
class Node
{
	public: int data;
	Node * left;
	Node * right;
	Node(int data)
	{
		this->data = data;
		this->left = NULL;
		this->right = NULL;
	}
};
class BinarySearchTree
{
	public: Node * root;
	//Class constructors
	BinarySearchTree()
	{
		this->root = NULL;
	}
	//insert  element
	void add_node(int data)
	{
		//Create a new binary tree node
		Node * new_node = new Node(data);
		if (new_node != NULL)
		{
			if (this->root == NULL)
			{
				//When adds a first node in binary tree
				this->root = new_node;
			}
			else
			{
				Node * find = this->root;
				//add new node to proper position
				while (find != NULL)
				{
					if (find->data >= data)
					{
						if (find->left == NULL)
						{
							find->left = new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit left sub-tree
							find = find->left;
						}
					}
					else
					{
						if (find->right == NULL)
						{
							find->right = new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit right sub-tree
							find = find->right;
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		else
		{
			cout << "Memory Overflow";
		}
	}
	//Find and print minimum node of binary search tree
	void min_node()
	{
		if (this->root == NULL)
		{
			cout << "\n Empty Tree";
		}
		else
		{
			cout << " Minimum node is : ";
			Node * temp = this->root;
			//Find leftmost node from to root
			while (temp->left != NULL)
			{
				//Visit left node
				temp = temp->left;
			}
			cout << " " << temp->data << "\n";
		}
	}
};
int main()
{
	BinarySearchTree obj = BinarySearchTree();
	//Create binary search tree
	/*
			       5
			     /    \
			    3      9
			   / \     / \
			 -7   4   8   11
			   \     /      \
			    2   7        12
			*/
	obj.add_node(5);
	obj.add_node(3);
	obj.add_node(9);
	obj.add_node(-7);
	obj.add_node(4);
	obj.add_node(8);
	obj.add_node(11);
	obj.add_node(12);
	obj.add_node(7);
	obj.add_node(2);
	obj.min_node();
	return 0;
}

Output

 Minimum node is :  -7
//Include namespace system
using System;

//C# program
//Find minimum node in binary search tree
//Binary Tree Node
public class Node
{
	public int data;
	public Node left;
	public Node right;
	public Node(int data)
	{
		this.data = data;
		this.left = null;
		this.right = null;
	}
}
class BinarySearchTree
{
	public Node root;
	//Class constructors
	public BinarySearchTree()
	{
		root = null;
	}
	//insert  element
	public void add_node(int data)
	{
		//Create a new binary tree node
		Node new_node = new Node(data);
		if (new_node != null)
		{
			if (this.root == null)
			{
				//When adds a first node in binary tree
				this.root = new_node;
			}
			else
			{
				Node find = this.root;
				//add new node to proper position
				while (find != null)
				{
					if (find.data >= data)
					{
						if (find.left == null)
						{
							find.left = new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit left sub-tree
							find = find.left;
						}
					}
					else
					{
						if (find.right == null)
						{
							find.right = new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit right sub-tree
							find = find.right;
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		else
		{
			Console.WriteLine("Memory Overflow");
		}
	}
	//Find and print minimum node of binary search tree
	public void min_node()
	{
		if (root == null)
		{
			Console.Write("\n Empty Tree");
		}
		else
		{
			Console.Write(" Minimum node is : ");
			Node temp = root;
			//Find leftmost node from to root
			while (temp.left != null)
			{
				//Visit left node
				temp = temp.left;
			}
			Console.Write(" " + temp.data + "\n");
		}
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		BinarySearchTree obj = new BinarySearchTree();
		//Create binary search tree
		/*
				       5
				     /    \
				    3      9
				   / \     / \
				 -7   4   8   11
				   \     /      \
				    2   7        12
				*/
		obj.add_node(5);
		obj.add_node(3);
		obj.add_node(9);
		obj.add_node(-7);
		obj.add_node(4);
		obj.add_node(8);
		obj.add_node(11);
		obj.add_node(12);
		obj.add_node(7);
		obj.add_node(2);
		obj.min_node();
	}
}

Output

 Minimum node is :  -7
<?php
//Php program
//Find minimum node in binary search tree
//Binary Tree Node
class Node
{
	public $data;
	public $left;
	public $right;

	function __construct($data)
	{
		$this->data = $data;
		$this->left = null;
		$this->right = null;
	}
}
class BinarySearchTree
{
	public $root;
	//Class constructors
	function __construct()
	{
		$this->root = null;
	}
	//insert  element
	public	function add_node($data)
	{
		//Create a new binary tree node
		$new_node = new Node($data);
		if ($new_node != null)
		{
			if ($this->root == null)
			{
				//When adds a first node in binary tree
				$this->root = $new_node;
			}
			else
			{
				$find = $this->root;
				//add new node to proper position
				while ($find != null)
				{
					if ($find->data >= $data)
					{
						if ($find->left == null)
						{
							$find->left = $new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit left sub-tree
							$find = $find->left;
						}
					}
					else
					{
						if ($find->right == null)
						{
							$find->right = $new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit right sub-tree
							$find = $find->right;
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		else
		{
			echo "Memory Overflow";
		}
	}
	//Find and print minimum node of binary search tree
	public	function min_node()
	{
		if ($this->root == null)
		{
			echo "\n Empty Tree";
		}
		else
		{
			echo " Minimum node is : ";
			$temp = $this->root;
			//Find leftmost node from to root
			while ($temp->left != null)
			{
				//Visit left node
				$temp = $temp->left;
			}
			echo " ". $temp->data ."\n";
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	$obj = new BinarySearchTree();
	//Create binary search tree
	/*
			       5
			     /    \
			    3      9
			   / \     / \
			 -7   4   8   11
			   \     /      \
			    2   7        12
			*/
	$obj->add_node(5);
	$obj->add_node(3);
	$obj->add_node(9);
	$obj->add_node(-7);
	$obj->add_node(4);
	$obj->add_node(8);
	$obj->add_node(11);
	$obj->add_node(12);
	$obj->add_node(7);
	$obj->add_node(2);
	$obj->min_node();
}
main();

Output

 Minimum node is :  -7
//Node Js program
//Find minimum node in binary search tree
//Binary Tree Node
class Node
{
	constructor(data)
	{
		this.data = data;
		this.left = null;
		this.right = null;
	}
}
class BinarySearchTree
{
	//Class constructors
	constructor()
	{
		this.root = null;
	}
	//insert  element
	add_node(data)
	{
		//Create a new binary tree node
		var new_node = new Node(data);
		if (new_node != null)
		{
			if (this.root == null)
			{
				//When adds a first node in binary tree
				this.root = new_node;
			}
			else
			{
				var find = this.root;
				//add new node to proper position
				while (find != null)
				{
					if (find.data >= data)
					{
						if (find.left == null)
						{
							find.left = new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit left sub-tree
							find = find.left;
						}
					}
					else
					{
						if (find.right == null)
						{
							find.right = new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit right sub-tree
							find = find.right;
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		else
		{
			process.stdout.write("Memory Overflow");
		}
	}
	//Find and print minimum node of binary search tree
	min_node()
	{
		if (this.root == null)
		{
			process.stdout.write("\n Empty Tree");
		}
		else
		{
			process.stdout.write(" Minimum node is : ");
			var temp = this.root;
			//Find leftmost node from to root
			while (temp.left != null)
			{
				//Visit left node
				temp = temp.left;
			}
			process.stdout.write(" " + temp.data + "\n");
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	var obj = new BinarySearchTree();
	//Create binary search tree
	/*
			       5
			     /    \
			    3      9
			   / \     / \
			 -7   4   8   11
			   \     /      \
			    2   7        12
			*/
	obj.add_node(5);
	obj.add_node(3);
	obj.add_node(9);
	obj.add_node(-7);
	obj.add_node(4);
	obj.add_node(8);
	obj.add_node(11);
	obj.add_node(12);
	obj.add_node(7);
	obj.add_node(2);
	obj.min_node();
}
main();

Output

 Minimum node is :  -7
# Python 3 program
# Find minimum node in binary search tree
# Binary Tree Node
class Node :
	
	def __init__(self, data) :
		self.data = data
		self.left = None
		self.right = None
	

class BinarySearchTree :
	
	# Class constructors
	def __init__(self) :
		self.root = None
	
	# insert  element
	def add_node(self, data) :
		# Create a new binary tree node
		new_node = Node(data)
		if (new_node != None) :
			if (self.root == None) :
				# When adds a first node in binary tree
				self.root = new_node
			else :
				find = self.root
				# add new node to proper position
				while (find != None) :
					if (find.data >= data) :
						if (find.left == None) :
							find.left = new_node
							break
						else :
							# visit left sub-tree
							find = find.left
						
					else :
						if (find.right == None) :
							find.right = new_node
							break
						else :
							# visit right sub-tree
							find = find.right
						
					
				
			
		else :
			print("Memory Overflow", end = "")
		
	
	# Find and print minimum node of binary search tree
	def min_node(self) :
		if (self.root == None) :
			print("\n Empty Tree", end = "")
		else :
			print(" Minimum node is : ", end = "")
			temp = self.root
			# Find leftmost node from to root
			while (temp.left != None) :
				# Visit left node
				temp = temp.left
			
			print(" ", temp.data ,"\n", end = "")
		
	

def main() :
	obj = BinarySearchTree()
	# Create binary search tree
	# 
	# 		       5
	# 		     /    \
	# 		    3      9
	# 		   / \     / \
	# 		 -7   4   8   11
	# 		   \     /      \
	# 		    2   7        12
	# 		
	
	obj.add_node(5)
	obj.add_node(3)
	obj.add_node(9)
	obj.add_node(-7)
	obj.add_node(4)
	obj.add_node(8)
	obj.add_node(11)
	obj.add_node(12)
	obj.add_node(7)
	obj.add_node(2)
	obj.min_node()

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

 Minimum node is :   -7
# Ruby program
# Find minimum node in binary search tree
# Binary Tree Node
class Node 

	# Define the accessor and reader of class Node  
	attr_reader :data, :left, :right
	attr_accessor :data, :left, :right

	def initialize(data)
	
		self.data = data
		self.left = nil
		self.right = nil
	end
end
class BinarySearchTree 

	# Define the accessor and reader of class BinarySearchTree  
	attr_reader :root
	attr_accessor :root

	# Class constructors
	def initialize()
	
		@root = nil
	end
	# insert  element
	def add_node(data)
	
		# Create a new binary tree node
		new_node = Node.new(data)
		if (new_node != nil)
		
			if (self.root == nil)
			
				# When adds a first node in binary tree
				self.root = new_node
			else
			
				find = self.root
				# add new node to proper position
				while (find != nil)
				
					if (find.data >= data)
					
						if (find.left == nil)
						
							find.left = new_node
							break
						else
						
							# visit left sub-tree
							find = find.left
						end
					else
					
						if (find.right == nil)
						
							find.right = new_node
							break
						else
						
							# visit right sub-tree
							find = find.right
						end
					end
				end
			end
		else
		
			print("Memory Overflow")
		end
	end
	# Find and print minimum node of binary search tree
	def min_node()
	
		if (@root == nil)
		
			print("\n Empty Tree")
		else
		
			print(" Minimum node is : ")
			temp = @root
			# Find leftmost node from to root
			while (temp.left != nil)
			
				# Visit left node
				temp = temp.left
			end
			print(" ", temp.data ,"\n")
		end
	end
end
def main()

	obj = BinarySearchTree.new()
	# Create binary search tree
	# 
	# 		       5
	# 		     /    \
	# 		    3      9
	# 		   / \     / \
	# 		 -7   4   8   11
	# 		   \     /      \
	# 		    2   7        12
	# 		
	
	obj.add_node(5)
	obj.add_node(3)
	obj.add_node(9)
	obj.add_node(-7)
	obj.add_node(4)
	obj.add_node(8)
	obj.add_node(11)
	obj.add_node(12)
	obj.add_node(7)
	obj.add_node(2)
	obj.min_node()
end
main()

Output

 Minimum node is :  -7
//Scala program
//Find minimum node in binary search tree
//Binary Tree Node
class Node(var data: Int,
	var left: Node,
		var right: Node)
{
	def this(data: Int)
	{
		this(data, null, null);
	}
}
class BinarySearchTree(var root: Node)
{
	//Class constructors
	def this()
	{
		this(null);
	}
	//insert  element
	def add_node(data: Int): Unit = {
		//Create a new binary tree node
		var new_node: Node = new Node(data);
		if (new_node != null)
		{
			if (this.root == null)
			{
				//When adds a first node in binary tree
				this.root = new_node;
			}
			else
			{
				var find: Node = this.root;
				//add new node to proper position
				while (find != null)
				{
					if (find.data >= data)
					{
						if (find.left == null)
						{
							find.left = new_node;
							return;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit left sub-tree
							find = find.left;
						}
					}
					else
					{
						if (find.right == null)
						{
							find.right = new_node;
							return;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit right sub-tree
							find = find.right;
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		else
		{
			print("Memory Overflow");
		}
	}
	//Find and print minimum node of binary search tree
	def min_node(): Unit = {
		if (root == null)
		{
			print("\n Empty Tree");
		}
		else
		{
			print(" Minimum node is : ");
			var temp: Node = root;
			//Find leftmost node from to root
			while (temp.left != null)
			{
				//Visit left node
				temp = temp.left;
			}
			print(" " + temp.data + "\n");
		}
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		var obj: BinarySearchTree = new BinarySearchTree();
		//Create binary search tree
		/*
				       5
				     /    \
				    3      9
				   / \     / \
				 -7   4   8   11
				   \     /      \
				    2   7        12
				*/
		obj.add_node(5);
		obj.add_node(3);
		obj.add_node(9);
		obj.add_node(-7);
		obj.add_node(4);
		obj.add_node(8);
		obj.add_node(11);
		obj.add_node(12);
		obj.add_node(7);
		obj.add_node(2);
		obj.min_node();
	}
}

Output

 Minimum node is :  -7
//Swift program
//Find minimum node in binary search tree
//Binary Tree Node
class Node
{
	var data: Int;
	var left: Node? ;
	var right: Node? ;
	init(_ data: Int)
	{
		self.data = data;
		self.left = nil;
		self.right = nil;
	}
}
class BinarySearchTree
{
	var root: Node? ;
	//Class constructors
	init()
	{
		self.root = nil;
	}
	//insert  element
	func add_node(_ data: Int)
	{
		//Create a new binary tree node
		let new_node: Node? = Node(data);
		if (new_node != nil)
		{
			if (self.root == nil)
			{
				//When adds a first node in binary tree
				self.root = new_node;
			}
			else
			{
				var find: Node? = self.root;
				//add new node to proper position
				while (find != nil)
				{
					if (find!.data >= data)
					{
						if (find!.left == nil)
						{
							find!.left = new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit left sub-tree
							find = find!.left;
						}
					}
					else
					{
						if (find!.right == nil)
						{
							find!.right = new_node;
							break;
						}
						else
						{
							//visit right sub-tree
							find = find!.right;
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		else
		{
			print("Memory Overflow", terminator: "");
		}
	}
	//Find and print minimum node of binary search tree
	func min_node()
	{
		if (self.root == nil)
		{
			print("\n Empty Tree", terminator: "");
		}
		else
		{
			print(" Minimum node is : ", terminator: "");
			var temp: Node? = self.root;
			//Find leftmost node from to root
			while (temp!.left != nil)
			{
				//Visit left node
				temp = temp!.left;
			}
			print(" ", temp!.data ,"\n", terminator: "");
		}
	}
}
func main()
{
	let obj: BinarySearchTree = BinarySearchTree();
	//Create binary search tree
	/*
			       5
			     /    \
			    3      9
			   / \     / \
			 -7   4   8   11
			   \     /      \
			    2   7        12
			*/
	obj.add_node(5);
	obj.add_node(3);
	obj.add_node(9);
	obj.add_node(-7);
	obj.add_node(4);
	obj.add_node(8);
	obj.add_node(11);
	obj.add_node(12);
	obj.add_node(7);
	obj.add_node(2);
	obj.min_node();
}
main();

Output

 Minimum node is :   -7


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