Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array

Here given code implementation process.

// C Program
// Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array
#include <stdio.h>

//Display array elements
void display(int arr[], int size)
{
	printf("\n\n Array Elements \n [");
	for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i)
	{
		printf("   %d", arr[i]);
	}
	printf("  ]\n");
}
//Find max element in array
int findMax(int arr[], int low, int high)
{
	if (low > high)
	{
		return 0;
	}
	if (low == high)
	{
		return low;
	}
	//Find middle element
	int mid = low + ((high - low) / 2);
	if (arr[low] > arr[mid])
	{
		return findMax(arr, low, mid - 1);
	}
	else if (arr[mid] > arr[high])
	{
		return findMax(arr, mid, high - 1);
	}
	else if (arr[high] > arr[mid])
	{
		return high;
	}
	else
	{
		//When have exists duplicate elements
		int a = findMax(arr, low, mid);
		int b = findMax(arr, mid + 1, high);
		if (arr[a] > arr[b])
		{
			return a;
		}
		else
		{
			return b;
		}
	}
}
// Handles the request of finding max element in array
// We assume that given array is sorted and rotated
void maxElement(int arr[], int size)
{
	int location = 0;
	if (size > 1)
	{
		location = findMax(arr, 0, size - 1);
	}
	printf(" Max Element %d \n", arr[location]);
}
int main()
{
	// Defining sorted and rotated array of integer element
	int arr1[] = {
		7 , 8 , 9 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6
	};
	int arr2[] = {
		11 , 22 , 43 , 45 , 51 , 62 , 73 , 1 , 9 , 10
	};
	int arr3[] = {
		2 , 2 , 5 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2
	};
	// Get the size
	int size = sizeof(arr1) / sizeof(arr1[0]);
	display(arr1, size);
	maxElement(arr1, size);
	// Get the size
	size = sizeof(arr2) / sizeof(arr2[0]);
	display(arr2, size);
	// Test Case B 
	maxElement(arr2, size);
	// Get the size
	size = sizeof(arr3) / sizeof(arr3[0]);
	display(arr3, size);
	// Test Case C 
	maxElement(arr3, size);
	return 0;
}

Output

 Array Elements
 [   7   8   9   1   2   3   4   5   6  ]
 Max Element 9


 Array Elements
 [   11   22   43   45   51   62   73   1   9   10  ]
 Max Element 73


 Array Elements
 [   2   2   5   2   2   2   2   2   2   2   2  ]
 Max Element 5
/*
    Java program 
    Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array
*/
public class SearchElement
{
    //Display array elements
    public void display(int[] arr, int size)
    {
        System.out.print("\n\n Array Elements \n [");
        for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i)
        {
            System.out.print("  " + arr[i]  );
        }
        System.out.print(" ]\n");
    }
    //Find max element in array
    public int findMax(int[] arr, int low, int high)
    {
        if (low > high)
        {
            return 0;
        }
        if (low == high)
        {
            return low;
        }

        //Find middle element
        int mid = low + ((high - low) / 2);

        if (arr[low] > arr[mid])
        {
            return findMax(arr, low, mid - 1);
        }
        else if (arr[mid] > arr[high])
        {
            return findMax(arr, mid, high - 1);
        }
        else if (arr[high] > arr[mid])
        {
            return high;
        }
        else
        {
            //When have exists duplicate elements
            int a = findMax(arr, low, mid);
            int b = findMax(arr, mid + 1, high);
            if (arr[a] > arr[b])
            {
                return a;
            }
            else
            {
                return b;
            }
        }
    }
    // Handles the request of finding max element in array
    // We assume that given array is sorted and rotated
    public void maxElement(int[] arr, int size)
    {
        int location = findMax(arr, 0, size - 1);
      
        System.out.print(" Max Element " + arr[location] + " \n");
    }
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        SearchElement work = new SearchElement();
        // Defining sorted and rotated array of integer element
        int[] arr1 =  {
            7 , 8 , 9 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6
        };
        int[] arr2 =  {
            11 , 22 , 43 , 45 , 51 , 62 , 73 , 1 , 9 , 10
        };
        int[] arr3 =  {
            2 , 2 , 5 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2
        };
        // Get the size
        int size = arr1.length;
        work.display(arr1, size);
        work.maxElement(arr1, size);
        // Get the size
        size = arr2.length;
        work.display(arr2, size);
        // Test Case B 
        work.maxElement(arr2, size);
        // Get the size
        size = arr3.length;
        work.display(arr3, size);
        // Test Case C 
        work.maxElement(arr3, size);
    }
}

Output

 Array Elements
 [  7  8  9  1  2  3  4  5  6 ]
 Max Element 9


 Array Elements
 [  11  22  43  45  51  62  73  1  9  10 ]
 Max Element 73


 Array Elements
 [  2  2  5  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  2 ]
 Max Element 5
// Include header file
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;
/*
    C++ program 
    Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array
*/
class SearchElement
{
	public:
		// Display array elements
		void display(int arr[], int size)
		{
			cout << "\n\n Array Elements \n [";
			for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i)
			{
				cout << "  " << arr[i];
			}
			cout << " ]\n";
		}
	// Find max element in array
	int findMax(int arr[], int low, int high)
	{
		if (low > high)
		{
			return 0;
		}
		if (low == high)
		{
			return low;
		}
		// Find middle element
		int mid = low + ((high - low) / 2);
		if (arr[low] > arr[mid])
		{
			return this->findMax(arr, low, mid - 1);
		}
		else if (arr[mid] > arr[high])
		{
			return this->findMax(arr, mid, high - 1);
		}
		else if (arr[high] > arr[mid])
		{
			return high;
		}
		else
		{
			// When have exists duplicate elements
			int a = this->findMax(arr, low, mid);
			int b = this->findMax(arr, mid + 1, high);
			if (arr[a] > arr[b])
			{
				return a;
			}
			else
			{
				return b;
			}
		}
	}
	//  Handles the request of finding max element in array
	//  We assume that given array is sorted and rotated
	void maxElement(int arr[], int size)
	{
		int location = this->findMax(arr, 0, size - 1);
		cout << " Max Element " << arr[location] << " \n";
	}
};
int main()
{
	SearchElement work = SearchElement();
	//  Defining sorted and rotated array of integer element
	int arr1[] = {
		7 , 8 , 9 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6
	};
	int arr2[] = {
		11 , 22 , 43 , 45 , 51 , 62 , 73 , 1 , 9 , 10
	};
	int arr3[] = {
		2 , 2 , 5 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2
	};
	//  Get the size
	int size = sizeof(arr1) / sizeof(arr1[0]);
	work.display(arr1, size);
	work.maxElement(arr1, size);
	//  Get the size
	size = sizeof(arr2) / sizeof(arr2[0]);
	work.display(arr2, size);
	//  Test Case B
	work.maxElement(arr2, size);
	//  Get the size
	size = sizeof(arr3) / sizeof(arr3[0]);
	work.display(arr3, size);
	//  Test Case C
	work.maxElement(arr3, size);
	return 0;
}

Output

 Array Elements
 [  7  8  9  1  2  3  4  5  6 ]
 Max Element 9


 Array Elements
 [  11  22  43  45  51  62  73  1  9  10 ]
 Max Element 73


 Array Elements
 [  2  2  5  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  2 ]
 Max Element 5
// Include namespace system
using System;
/*
    C# program 
    Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array
*/
public class SearchElement
{
	// Display array elements
	public void display(int[] arr, int size)
	{
		Console.Write("\n\n Array Elements \n [");
		for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i)
		{
			Console.Write("  " + arr[i]);
		}
		Console.Write(" ]\n");
	}
	// Find max element in array
	public int findMax(int[] arr, int low, int high)
	{
		if (low > high)
		{
			return 0;
		}
		if (low == high)
		{
			return low;
		}
		// Find middle element
		int mid = low + ((high - low) / 2);
		if (arr[low] > arr[mid])
		{
			return findMax(arr, low, mid - 1);
		}
		else if (arr[mid] > arr[high])
		{
			return findMax(arr, mid, high - 1);
		}
		else if (arr[high] > arr[mid])
		{
			return high;
		}
		else
		{
			// When have exists duplicate elements
			int a = findMax(arr, low, mid);
			int b = findMax(arr, mid + 1, high);
			if (arr[a] > arr[b])
			{
				return a;
			}
			else
			{
				return b;
			}
		}
	}
	// Handles the request of finding max element in array
	// We assume that given array is sorted and rotated
	public void maxElement(int[] arr, int size)
	{
		int location = findMax(arr, 0, size - 1);
		Console.Write(" Max Element " + arr[location] + " \n");
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		SearchElement work = new SearchElement();
		// Defining sorted and rotated array of integer element
		int[] arr1 = {
			7 , 8 , 9 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6
		};
		int[] arr2 = {
			11 , 22 , 43 , 45 , 51 , 62 , 73 , 1 , 9 , 10
		};
		int[] arr3 = {
			2 , 2 , 5 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2
		};
		//  Get the size
		int size = arr1.Length;
		work.display(arr1, size);
		work.maxElement(arr1, size);
		//  Get the size
		size = arr2.Length;
		work.display(arr2, size);
		//  Test Case B
		work.maxElement(arr2, size);
		//  Get the size
		size = arr3.Length;
		work.display(arr3, size);
		//  Test Case C
		work.maxElement(arr3, size);
	}
}

Output

 Array Elements
 [  7  8  9  1  2  3  4  5  6 ]
 Max Element 9


 Array Elements
 [  11  22  43  45  51  62  73  1  9  10 ]
 Max Element 73


 Array Elements
 [  2  2  5  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  2 ]
 Max Element 5
<?php
/*
    Php program 
    Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array
*/
class SearchElement
{
	// Display array elements
	public	function display( & $arr, $size)
	{
		echo "\n\n Array Elements \n [";
		for ($i = 0; $i < $size; ++$i)
		{
			echo "  ". $arr[$i];
		}
		echo " ]\n";
	}
	// Find max element in array
	public	function findMax( & $arr, $low, $high)
	{
		if ($low > $high)
		{
			return 0;
		}
		if ($low == $high)
		{
			return $low;
		}
		// Find middle element
		$mid = $low + (intval(($high - $low) / 2));
		if ($arr[$low] > $arr[$mid])
		{
			return $this->findMax($arr, $low, $mid - 1);
		}
		else if ($arr[$mid] > $arr[$high])
		{
			return $this->findMax($arr, $mid, $high - 1);
		}
		else if ($arr[$high] > $arr[$mid])
		{
			return $high;
		}
		else
		{
			// When have exists duplicate elements
			$a = $this->findMax($arr, $low, $mid);
			$b = $this->findMax($arr, $mid + 1, $high);
			if ($arr[$a] > $arr[$b])
			{
				return $a;
			}
			else
			{
				return $b;
			}
		}
	}
	//  Handles the request of finding max element in array
	//  We assume that given array is sorted and rotated
	public	function maxElement( & $arr, $size)
	{
		$location = $this->findMax($arr, 0, $size - 1);
		echo " Max Element ". $arr[$location] ." \n";
	}
}

function main()
{
	$work = new SearchElement();
	//  Defining sorted and rotated array of integer element
	$arr1 = array(7, 8, 9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6);
	$arr2 = array(11, 22, 43, 45, 51, 62, 73, 1, 9, 10);
	$arr3 = array(2, 2, 5, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2);
	//  Get the size
	$size = count($arr1);
	$work->display($arr1, $size);
	$work->maxElement($arr1, $size);
	//  Get the size
	$size = count($arr2);
	$work->display($arr2, $size);
	//  Test Case B
	$work->maxElement($arr2, $size);
	//  Get the size
	$size = count($arr3);
	$work->display($arr3, $size);
	//  Test Case C
	$work->maxElement($arr3, $size);
}
main();

Output

 Array Elements
 [  7  8  9  1  2  3  4  5  6 ]
 Max Element 9


 Array Elements
 [  11  22  43  45  51  62  73  1  9  10 ]
 Max Element 73


 Array Elements
 [  2  2  5  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  2 ]
 Max Element 5
/*
    Node Js program 
    Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array
*/
class SearchElement
{
	// Display array elements
	display(arr, size)
	{
		process.stdout.write("\n\n Array Elements \n [");
		for (var i = 0; i < size; ++i)
		{
			process.stdout.write("  " + arr[i]);
		}
		process.stdout.write(" ]\n");
	}
	// Find max element in array
	findMax(arr, low, high)
	{
		if (low > high)
		{
			return 0;
		}
		if (low == high)
		{
			return low;
		}
		// Find middle element
		var mid = low + (parseInt((high - low) / 2));
		if (arr[low] > arr[mid])
		{
			return this.findMax(arr, low, mid - 1);
		}
		else if (arr[mid] > arr[high])
		{
			return this.findMax(arr, mid, high - 1);
		}
		else if (arr[high] > arr[mid])
		{
			return high;
		}
		else
		{
			// When have exists duplicate elements
			var a = this.findMax(arr, low, mid);
			var b = this.findMax(arr, mid + 1, high);
			if (arr[a] > arr[b])
			{
				return a;
			}
			else
			{
				return b;
			}
		}
	}
	//  Handles the request of finding max element in array
	//  We assume that given array is sorted and rotated
	maxElement(arr, size)
	{
		var location = this.findMax(arr, 0, size - 1);
		process.stdout.write(" Max Element " + arr[location] + " \n");
	}
}

function main()
{
	var work = new SearchElement();
	//  Defining sorted and rotated array of integer element
	var arr1 = [7, 8, 9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6];
	var arr2 = [11, 22, 43, 45, 51, 62, 73, 1, 9, 10];
	var arr3 = [2, 2, 5, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2];
	//  Get the size
	var size = arr1.length;
	work.display(arr1, size);
	work.maxElement(arr1, size);
	//  Get the size
	size = arr2.length;
	work.display(arr2, size);
	//  Test Case B
	work.maxElement(arr2, size);
	//  Get the size
	size = arr3.length;
	work.display(arr3, size);
	//  Test Case C
	work.maxElement(arr3, size);
}
main();

Output

 Array Elements
 [  7  8  9  1  2  3  4  5  6 ]
 Max Element 9


 Array Elements
 [  11  22  43  45  51  62  73  1  9  10 ]
 Max Element 73


 Array Elements
 [  2  2  5  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  2 ]
 Max Element 5
#  Python 3 program 
#  Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array

class SearchElement :
	#  Display array elements
	def display(self, arr, size) :
		print("\n\n Array Elements \n [", end = "")
		i = 0
		while (i < size) :
			print("  ", arr[i], end = "")
			i += 1
		
		print(" ]")
	
	#  Find max element in array
	def findMax(self, arr, low, high) :
		if (low > high) :
			return 0
		
		if (low == high) :
			return low
		
		#  Find middle element
		mid = low + (int((high - low) / 2))
		if (arr[low] > arr[mid]) :
			return self.findMax(arr, low, mid - 1)
		
		elif(arr[mid] > arr[high]) :
			return self.findMax(arr, mid, high - 1)
		
		elif(arr[high] > arr[mid]) :
			return high
		else :
			#  When have exists duplicate elements
			a = self.findMax(arr, low, mid)
			b = self.findMax(arr, mid + 1, high)
			if (arr[a] > arr[b]) :
				return a
			else :
				return b
			
		
	
	#   Handles the request of finding max element in array
	#   We assume that given array is sorted and rotated
	def maxElement(self, arr, size) :
		location = self.findMax(arr, 0, size - 1)
		print(" Max Element ", arr[location] ," ")
	

def main() :
	work = SearchElement()
	#   Defining sorted and rotated array of integer element
	arr1 = [7, 8, 9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
	arr2 = [11, 22, 43, 45, 51, 62, 73, 1, 9, 10]
	arr3 = [2, 2, 5, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2]
	#   Get the size
	size = len(arr1)
	work.display(arr1, size)
	work.maxElement(arr1, size)
	#   Get the size
	size = len(arr2)
	work.display(arr2, size)
	#   Test Case B
	work.maxElement(arr2, size)
	#   Get the size
	size = len(arr3)
	work.display(arr3, size)
	#   Test Case C
	work.maxElement(arr3, size)

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

 Array Elements
 [   7   8   9   1   2   3   4   5   6 ]
 Max Element  9


 Array Elements
 [   11   22   43   45   51   62   73   1   9   10 ]
 Max Element  73


 Array Elements
 [   2   2   5   2   2   2   2   2   2   2   2 ]
 Max Element  5
#  Ruby program 
#  Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array

class SearchElement 
	#  Display array elements
	def display(arr, size) 
		print("\n\n Array Elements \n [")
		i = 0
		while (i < size) 
			print("  ", arr[i])
			i += 1
		end

		print(" ]\n")
	end

	#  Find max element in array
	def findMax(arr, low, high) 
		if (low > high) 
			return 0
		end

		if (low == high) 
			return low
		end

		#  Find middle element
		mid = low + ((high - low) / 2)
		if (arr[low] > arr[mid]) 
			return self.findMax(arr, low, mid - 1)
		elsif(arr[mid] > arr[high]) 
			return self.findMax(arr, mid, high - 1)
		elsif(arr[high] > arr[mid]) 
			return high
		else 
			#  When have exists duplicate elements
			a = self.findMax(arr, low, mid)
			b = self.findMax(arr, mid + 1, high)
			if (arr[a] > arr[b]) 
				return a
			else 
				return b
			end

		end

	end

	#   Handles the request of finding max element in array
	#   We assume that given array is sorted and rotated
	def maxElement(arr, size) 
		location = self.findMax(arr, 0, size - 1)
		print(" Max Element ", arr[location] ," \n")
	end

end

def main() 
	work = SearchElement.new()
	#   Defining sorted and rotated array of integer element
	arr1 = [7, 8, 9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
	arr2 = [11, 22, 43, 45, 51, 62, 73, 1, 9, 10]
	arr3 = [2, 2, 5, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2]
	#   Get the size
	size = arr1.length
	work.display(arr1, size)
	#   Get the size
	work.maxElement(arr1, size)
	#   Get the size
	size = arr2.length
	work.display(arr2, size)
	#   Test Case 2
	work.maxElement(arr2, size)
	#   Get the size
	size = arr3.length
	work.display(arr3, size)
	#   Test Case 3
	work.maxElement(arr3, size)
end

main()

Output


 Array Elements 
 [  7  8  9  1  2  3  4  5  6 ]
 Max Element 9 


 Array Elements 
 [  11  22  43  45  51  62  73  1  9  10 ]
 Max Element 73 


 Array Elements 
 [  2  2  5  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  2 ]
 Max Element 5 
/*
    Scala program 
    Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array
*/
class SearchElement
{
	//  Display array elements
	def display(arr: Array[Int], size: Int): Unit = {
		print("\n\n Array Elements \n [");
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < size)
		{
			print("  " + arr(i));
			i += 1;
		}
		print(" ]\n");
	}
	//  Find max element in array
	def findMax(arr: Array[Int], low: Int, high: Int): Int = {
		if (low > high)
		{
			return 0;
		}
		if (low == high)
		{
			return low;
		}
		//  Find middle element
		var mid: Int = low + (((high - low) / 2).toInt);
		if (arr(low) > arr(mid))
		{
			return this.findMax(arr, low, mid - 1);
		}
		else if (arr(mid) > arr(high))
		{
			return this.findMax(arr, mid, high - 1);
		}
		else if (arr(high) > arr(mid))
		{
			return high;
		}
		else
		{
			//  When have exists duplicate elements
			var a: Int = this.findMax(arr, low, mid);
			var b: Int = this.findMax(arr, mid + 1, high);
			if (arr(a) > arr(b))
			{
				return a;
			}
			else
			{
				return b;
			}
		}
	}
	//   Handles the request of finding max element in array
	//   We assume that given array is sorted and rotated
	def maxElement(arr: Array[Int], size: Int): Unit = {
		var location: Int = this.findMax(arr, 0, size - 1);
		print(" Max Element " + arr(location) + " \n");
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		var work: SearchElement = new SearchElement();
		//   Defining sorted and rotated array of integer element
		var arr1: Array[Int] = Array(7, 8, 9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6);
		var arr2: Array[Int] = Array(11, 22, 43, 45, 51, 62, 73, 1, 9, 10);
		var arr3: Array[Int] = Array(2, 2, 5, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2);
		//   Get the size
		var size: Int = arr1.length;
		work.display(arr1, size);
		work.maxElement(arr1, size);
		//   Get the size
		size = arr2.length;
		work.display(arr2, size);
		//   Test Case B
		work.maxElement(arr2, size);
		//   Get the size
		size = arr3.length;
		work.display(arr3, size);
		//   Test Case C
		work.maxElement(arr3, size);
	}
}

Output

 Array Elements
 [  7  8  9  1  2  3  4  5  6 ]
 Max Element 9


 Array Elements
 [  11  22  43  45  51  62  73  1  9  10 ]
 Max Element 73


 Array Elements
 [  2  2  5  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  2 ]
 Max Element 5
/*
    Swift 4 program 
    Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array
*/
class SearchElement
{
	//  Display array elements
	func display(_ arr: [Int], _ size: Int)
	{
		print("\n\n Array Elements ", terminator: "\n [");
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < size)
		{
			print("  ", arr[i], terminator: "");
			i += 1;
		}
		print(" ]");
	}
	//  Find max element in array
	func findMax(_ arr: [Int], _ low: Int, _ high: Int)->Int
	{
		if (low > high)
		{
			return 0;
		}
		if (low == high)
		{
			return low;
		}
		//  Find middle element
		let mid: Int = low + ((high - low) / 2);
		if (arr[low] > arr[mid])
		{
			return self.findMax(arr, low, mid - 1);
		}
		else if (arr[mid] > arr[high])
		{
			return self.findMax(arr, mid, high - 1);
		}
		else if (arr[high] > arr[mid])
		{
			return high;
		}
		else
		{
			//  When have exists duplicate elements
			let a: Int = self.findMax(arr, low, mid);
			let b: Int = self.findMax(arr, mid + 1, high);
			if (arr[a] > arr[b])
			{
				return a;
			}
			else
			{
				return b;
			}
		}
	}
	//   Handles the request of finding max element in array
	//   We assume that given array is sorted and rotated
	func maxElement(_ arr: [Int], _ size: Int)
	{
		let location: Int = self.findMax(arr, 0, size - 1);
		print(" Max Element ", arr[location]," ");
	}
}
func main()
{
	let work: SearchElement = SearchElement();
	//   Defining sorted and rotated array of integer element
	let arr1: [Int] = [7, 8, 9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6];
	let arr2: [Int] = [11, 22, 43, 45, 51, 62, 73, 1, 9, 10];
	let arr3: [Int] = [2, 2, 5, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2];
	//   Get the size
	var size: Int = arr1.count;
	work.display(arr1, size);
	work.maxElement(arr1, size);
	//   Get the size
	size = arr2.count;
	work.display(arr2, size);
	//   Test Case B
	work.maxElement(arr2, size);
	//   Get the size
	size = arr3.count;
	work.display(arr3, size);
	//   Test Case C
	work.maxElement(arr3, size);
}
main();

Output

 Array Elements
 [   7   8   9   1   2   3   4   5   6 ]
 Max Element  9


 Array Elements
 [   11   22   43   45   51   62   73   1   9   10 ]
 Max Element  73


 Array Elements
 [   2   2   5   2   2   2   2   2   2   2   2 ]
 Max Element  5
/*
    Kotlin program 
    Find maximum element in a sorted and rotated array
*/
class SearchElement
{
	//  Display array elements
	fun display(arr: Array<Int>, size: Int): Unit
	{
		print("\n\n Array Elements \n [");
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i<size)
		{
			print("  " + arr[i]);
			i += 1;
		}
		print(" ]\n");
	}
	//  Find max element in array
	fun findMax(arr: Array<Int>, low: Int, high: Int): Int
	{
		if (low>high)
		{
			return 0;
		}
		if (low == high)
		{
			return low;
		}
		//  Find middle element
		var mid: Int = low + ((high - low) / 2);
		if (arr[low]>arr[mid])
		{
			return this.findMax(arr, low, mid - 1);
		}
		else
		if (arr[mid]>arr[high])
		{
			return this.findMax(arr, mid, high - 1);
		}
		else
		if (arr[high]>arr[mid])
		{
			return high;
		}
		else
		{
			//  When have exists duplicate elements
			var a: Int = this.findMax(arr, low, mid);
			var b: Int = this.findMax(arr, mid + 1, high);
			if (arr[a]>arr[b])
			{
				return a;
			}
			else
			{
				return b;
			}
		}
	}
	//   Handles the request of finding max element in array
	//   We assume that given array is sorted and rotated
	fun maxElement(arr: Array<Int>, size: Int): Unit
	{
		var location: Int = this.findMax(arr, 0, size - 1);
		print(" Max Element " + arr[location] + " \n");
	}
}
fun main(args: Array<String>): Unit
{
	var work: SearchElement = SearchElement();
	//   Defining sorted and rotated array of integer element
	var arr1: Array<Int> = arrayOf(7, 8, 9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6);
	var arr2: Array<Int> = arrayOf(11, 22, 43, 45, 51, 62, 73, 1, 9, 10);
	var arr3: Array<Int> = arrayOf(2, 2, 5, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2);
	//   Get the size
	var size: Int = arr1.count();
	work.display(arr1, size);
	work.maxElement(arr1, size);
	//   Get the size
	size = arr2.count();
	work.display(arr2, size);
	//   Test Case B
	work.maxElement(arr2, size);
	//   Get the size
	size = arr3.count();
	work.display(arr3, size);
	//   Test Case C
	work.maxElement(arr3, size);
}

Output

 Array Elements
 [  7  8  9  1  2  3  4  5  6 ]
 Max Element 9


 Array Elements
 [  11  22  43  45  51  62  73  1  9  10 ]
 Max Element 73


 Array Elements
 [  2  2  5  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  2 ]
 Max Element 5

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