Find a longest length word in Trie

Here given code implementation process.

/*
  C++ program
  Find a longest length word in Trie
*/
//Include header file
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;
#define ALPHABETS 26
//This is tire tree node
class Node
{
	public:
		//Indicates stop of string
		bool stop;
	Node *children[ALPHABETS];
	Node()
	{
		this->stop = false;
		for (int i = 0; i < ALPHABETS; ++i)
		{
			this->children[i] = NULL;
		}
	}
};
class Trie
{
	public: Node *root;
	Trie()
	{
		this->root = new Node();
	}
	//This function are add new element 
	void insert(string text)
	{
		//first get the length of text
		int length = text.size();
		//This variable are used to task find the index location of character
		int index = 0;
		//get the root node
		Node *head = this->root;
		for (int level = 0; level < length; level++)
		{
			//Get the index
			index = text[level] - 'a';
			if (head->children[index] == NULL)
			{
				//When need to add new Node
				head->children[index] = new Node();
			}
			head = head->children[index];
		}
		if (head != NULL)
		{
			//indicates stop of string
			head->stop = true;
		}
	}
	//This function are finding largest word length string in given tire tree
	string longest_word(Node *root, string about)
	{
		string text = about, temp = "";
		if (root != NULL)
		{
			for (int i = 0; i < ALPHABETS; i++)
			{
				temp = "";
				if (root->children[i] != NULL)
				{
					temp = longest_word(root->children[i], about + ((char)(i + 97)));
				}
				if (temp.size() > text.size())
				{
					text = temp;
				}
			}
		}
		if (text.size() > about.size())
		{
			return text;
		}
		else
		{
			return about;
		}
	}
};
int main()
{
	//Make object of Tree
	Trie obj = Trie();
	//Add following nodes in trie tree
	obj.insert("cool");
	obj.insert("coder");
	obj.insert("confirm");
	obj.insert("child");
	cout << "Longest word is : " << obj.longest_word(obj.root, "");
	return 0;
}

Output

Longest word is : confirm
/*
  Java program
  Find a longest length word in Trie
*/
//This is tire tree node
class Node
{
	//Indicates stop of string
	public boolean stop;
	public Node[] children;
	public Node(int size)
	{
		this.stop = false;
		this.children = new Node[size];
	}
}
class Trie
{
	public int alphabets;
	public Node root;
	public Trie()
	{
		this.alphabets = 26;
		this.root = new Node(this.alphabets);
	}
	//This function are add new element 
	public void insert(String text)
	{
		//first get the length of text
		int length = text.length();
		//This variable are used to task find the index location of character
		int index = 0;
		//get the root node
		Node head = root;
		for (int level = 0; level < length; level++)
		{
			//Get the index
			index = text.charAt(level) - 'a';
			if (head.children[index] == null)
			{
				//When need to add new Node
				head.children[index] = new Node(this.alphabets);
			}
			head = head.children[index];
		}
		if (head != null)
		{
			//indicates stop of string
			head.stop = true;
		}
	}
	//This function are finding largest word length string in given tire tree
	public String longest_word(Node root, String about)
	{
		String text = about, temp = "";
		if (root != null)
		{
			for (int i = 0; i < this.alphabets; i++)
			{
				temp = "";
				if (root.children[i] != null)
				{
					temp = longest_word(root.children[i], about + ((char)(i + 97)));
				}
				if (temp.length() > text.length())
				{
					text = temp;
				}
			}
		}
		if (text.length() > about.length())
		{
			return text;
		}
		else
		{
			return about;
		}
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		//Make object of Tree
		Trie obj = new Trie();
		//Add following nodes in trie tree
		obj.insert("cool");
		obj.insert("coder");
		obj.insert("confirm");
		obj.insert("child");
		System.out.println("Longest word is : " + obj.longest_word(obj.root, ""));
	}
}

Output

Longest word is : confirm
/*
  C# program
  Find a longest length word in Trie
*/
//Include namespace system
using System;
//This is tire tree node
public class Node
{
	//Indicates stop of string
	public Boolean stop;
	public Node[] children;
	public Node(int size)
	{
		this.stop = false;
		this.children = new Node[size];
	}
}
class Trie
{
	public int alphabets;
	public Node root;
	public Trie()
	{
		this.alphabets = 26;
		this.root = new Node(this.alphabets);
	}
	//This function are add new element 
	public void insert(String text)
	{
		//first get the length of text
		int length = text.Length;
		//This variable are used to task find the index location of character
		int index = 0;
		//get the root node
		Node head = root;
		for (int level = 0; level < length; level++)
		{
			//Get the index
			index = text[level] - 'a';
			if (head.children[index] == null)
			{
				//When need to add new Node
				head.children[index] = new Node(this.alphabets);
			}
			head = head.children[index];
		}
		if (head != null)
		{
			//indicates stop of string
			head.stop = true;
		}
	}
	//This function are finding largest word length string in given tire tree
	public String longest_word(Node root, String about)
	{
		String text = about, temp = "";
		if (root != null)
		{
			for (int i = 0; i < this.alphabets; i++)
			{
				temp = "";
				if (root.children[i] != null)
				{
					temp = longest_word(root.children[i], about + ((char)(i + 97)));
				}
				if (temp.Length > text.Length)
				{
					text = temp;
				}
			}
		}
		if (text.Length > about.Length)
		{
			return text;
		}
		else
		{
			return about;
		}
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		//Make object of Tree
		Trie obj = new Trie();
		//Add following nodes in trie tree
		obj.insert("cool");
		obj.insert("coder");
		obj.insert("confirm");
		obj.insert("child");
		Console.WriteLine("Longest word is : " + obj.longest_word(obj.root, ""));
	}
}

Output

Longest word is : confirm
# 
#   Python 3 program
#   Find a longest length word in Trie

# This is tire tree node
class Node :
  # Indicates stop of string
  
  def __init__(self, size) :
    self.stop = False
    self.children = [None]*size
  

class Trie :
  
  def __init__(self) :
    self.alphabets = 26
    self.root = Node(self.alphabets)
  
  # This function are add new element 
  def insert(self, text) :
    # first get the length of text
    length = len(text)
    # This variable are used to task find the index location of character
    index = 0
    # get the root node
    head = self.root
    level = 0
    while (level < length) :
      # Get the index
      index = ord(text[level]) - ord('a')
    
      if (head.children[index] == None) :
        # When need to add new Node
        head.children[index] = Node(self.alphabets)
      
      head = head.children[index]
      level += 1
    
    if (head != None) :
      # indicates stop of string
      head.stop = True
    
  
  # This function are finding largest word length string in given tire tree
  def longest_word(self, root, about) :
    text = about
    temp = ""
    if (root != None) :
      i = 0
      while (i < self.alphabets) :
        temp = ""
        if (root.children[i] != None) :
          temp = self.longest_word(root.children[i], about + ((chr(i + 97))))
        
        if (len(temp) > len(text)) :
          text = temp
        
        i += 1
      
    
    if (len(text) > len(about)) :
      return text
    else :
      return about
    
  

def main() :
  # Make object of Tree
  obj = Trie()
  # Add following nodes in trie tree
  obj.insert("cool")
  obj.insert("coder")
  obj.insert("confirm")
  obj.insert("child")

  print("Longest word is : ", obj.longest_word(obj.root, ""), end = "")

if __name__ == "__main__": 
  main()

Output

Longest word is :  confirm
#   Ruby program
#   Find a longest length word in Trie

# This is tire tree node
class Node 

	# Define the accessor and reader of class Node  
	attr_reader :stop, :children
	attr_accessor :stop, :children

	# Indicates stop of string
	def initialize(size)
	
		self.stop = false
		self.children = Array.new(size){nil}
	end
end
class Trie 

	# Define the accessor and reader of class Trie  
	attr_reader :alphabets, :root
	attr_accessor :alphabets, :root
	
	def initialize()
	
		self.alphabets = 26
		self.root = Node.new(self.alphabets)
	end
	# This function are add new element 
	def insert(text)
	
		# first get the length of text
		length = text.length()
		# This variable are used to task find the index location of character
		index = 0
		# get the root node
		head = @root
		level = 0
		while (level < length)
		
			# Get the index
			index = (text[level]).ord - ('a').ord
			if (head.children[index] == nil)
			
				# When need to add new Node
				head.children[index] = Node.new(self.alphabets)
			end
			head = head.children[index]
			level += 1
		end
		if (head != nil)
		
			# indicates stop of string
			head.stop = true
		end
	end
	# This function are finding largest word length string in given tire tree
	def longest_word(root, about)
	
		text = about
		temp = ""
		if (root != nil)
		
			i = 0
			while (i < self.alphabets)
			
				temp = ""
				if (root.children[i] != nil)
				
					temp = self.longest_word(root.children[i], about + (((i + 97)).chr))
				end
				if (temp.length() > text.length())
				
					text = temp
				end
				i += 1
			end
		end
		if (text.length() > about.length())
		
			return text
		else
		
			return about
		end
	end
end
def main()

	# Make object of Tree
	obj = Trie.new()
	# Add following nodes in trie tree
	obj.insert("cool")
	obj.insert("coder")
	obj.insert("confirm")
	obj.insert("child")
	print("Longest word is : ", obj.longest_word(obj.root, ""))
end
main()

Output

Longest word is : confirm
/*
  Scala program
  Find a longest length word in Trie
*/
//This is tire tree node
class Node(var stop: Boolean,
	var children: Array[Node])
{
	def this(size: Int)
	{
		this(false, Array.fill[Node](size)(null));
	}
}
class Trie(var alphabets: Int,
	var root: Node)
{
	def this()
	{
		this(26, new Node(26));
	}
	//This function are add new element 
	def insert(text: String): Unit = {
		//first get the length of text
		var length: Int = text.length();
		//This variable are used to task find the index location of character
		var index: Int = 0;
		//get the root node
		var head: Node = root;
		var level: Int = 0;
		while (level < length)
		{
			//Get the index
			index = text(level) - 'a';
			if (head.children(index) == null)
			{
				//When need to add new Node
				head.children(index) = new Node(this.alphabets);
			}
			head = head.children(index);
			level += 1;
		}
		if (head != null)
		{
			//indicates stop of string
			head.stop = true;
		}
	}
	//This function are finding largest word length string in given tire tree
	def longest_word(root: Node, about: String): String = {
		var text: String = about;
		var temp: String = "";
		if (root != null)
		{
			var i: Int = 0;
			while (i < this.alphabets)
			{
				temp = "";
				if (root.children(i) != null)
				{
					temp = longest_word(root.children(i), about + ((i + 97).toChar));
				}
				if (temp.length() > text.length())
				{
					text = temp;
				}
				i += 1;
			}
		}
		if (text.length() > about.length())
		{
			return text;
		}
		else
		{
			return about;
		}
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		//Make object of Tree
		var obj: Trie = new Trie();
		//Add following nodes in trie tree
		obj.insert("cool");
		obj.insert("coder");
		obj.insert("confirm");
		obj.insert("child");
		print("Longest word is : " + obj.longest_word(obj.root, ""));
	}
}

Output

Longest word is : confirm
/*
  Swift program
  Find a longest length word in Trie
*/
//This is tire tree node
class Node
{
	//Indicates stop of string
	var stop: Bool;
	var children: [Node? ] = [Node]();
	init(_ size: Int)
	{
		self.stop = false;
		var i = 0;
		while (i < size)
		{
			self.children.append(nil);
			i += 1;
		}
	}
}
class Trie
{
	var alphabets: Int;
	var root: Node? ;
	init()
	{
		self.alphabets = 26;
		self.root = Node(self.alphabets);
	}
	//This function are add new element 
	func insert(_ data: String)
	{
		//first get the length of text
		let length: Int = data.count;
		let text = Array(data);
		//This variable are used to task find the index location of character
		var index: Int = 0;
		//get the root node
		var head: Node? = self.root;
		var level: Int = 0;
		while (level < length)
		{
			//Get the index
			index = Int(UnicodeScalar(String(text[level]))!.value - 
                        UnicodeScalar("a")!.value);
			if (head!.children[index] == nil)
			{
				//When need to add new Node
				head!.children[index] = Node(self.alphabets);
			}
			head = head!.children[index];
			level += 1;
		}
		if (head != nil)
		{
			//indicates stop of string
			head!.stop = true;
		}
	}
	//This function are finding largest word length string in given tire tree
	func longest_word(_ root: Node? , _ about : String) -> String
	{
		var text: String = about;
		var temp: String = "";
		if (root != nil)
		{
			var i: Int = 0;
			while (i < self.alphabets)
			{
				temp = "";
				if (root!.children[i] != nil)
				{
					temp = self.longest_word(root!.children[i], about + (String(UnicodeScalar(UInt8((i + 97))))));
				}
				if (temp.count > text.count)
				{
					text = temp;
				}
				i += 1;
			}
		}
		if (text.count > about.count)
		{
			return text;
		}
		else
		{
			return about;
		}
	}
}
func main()
{
	//Make object of Tree
	let obj: Trie = Trie();
	//Add following nodes in trie tree
	obj.insert("cool");
	obj.insert("coder");
	obj.insert("confirm");
	obj.insert("child");
	print("Longest word is : ", obj.longest_word(obj.root, ""), terminator: "");
}
main();

Output

Longest word is :  confirm
<?php
/*
  Php program
  Find a longest length word in Trie
*/
//This is tire tree node
class Node
{
  //Indicates stop of string
  public $stop;
  public $children;

  function __construct($size)
  {
    $this->stop = false;
    $this->children = array_fill(0, $size, null);
  }
}
class Trie
{
  public $alphabets;
  public $root;

  function __construct()
  {
    $this->alphabets = 26;
    $this->root = new Node($this->alphabets);
  }
  //This function are add new element 
  public  function insert($text)
  {
    //first get the length of text
    $length = strlen($text);
    //This variable are used to task find the index location of character
    $index = 0;
    //get the root node
    $head = $this->root;
    for ($level = 0; $level < $length; $level++)
    {
      //Get the index
      $index = ord($text[$level]) - ord('a');
      if ($head->children[$index] == null)
      {
        //When need to add new Node
        $head->children[$index] = new Node($this->alphabets);
      }
      $head = $head->children[$index];
    }
    if ($head != null)
    {
      //indicates stop of string
      $head->stop = true;
    }
  }
  //This function are finding largest word length string in given tire tree
  public  function longest_word($root, $about)
  {
    $text = $about;
    $temp = "";
    if ($root != null)
    {
      for ($i = 0; $i < $this->alphabets; $i++)
      {
        $temp = "";
        if ($root->children[$i] != null)
        {
          $temp = $this->longest_word($root->children[$i], $about . chr((($i + 97))));
        }
        if (strlen($temp) > strlen($text))
        {
          $text = $temp;
        }
      }
    }
    if (strlen($text) > strlen($about))
    {
      return $text;
    }
    else
    {
      return $about;
    }
  }
}

function main()
{
  //Make object of Tree
  $obj = new Trie();
  //Add following nodes in trie tree
  $obj->insert("cool");
  $obj->insert("coder");
  $obj->insert("confirm");
  $obj->insert("child");
  echo "Longest word is : ". $obj->longest_word($obj->root, "");
}
main();

Output

Longest word is : confirm
/*
  Node Js program
  Find a longest length word in Trie
*/
//This is tire tree node
class Node
{
	constructor(size)
	{
		this.stop = false;
		this.children = Array(size).fill(null);
	}
}
class Trie
{
	constructor()
	{
		this.alphabets = 26;
		this.root = new Node(this.alphabets);
	}
	//This function are add new element 
	insert(text)
	{
		//first get the length of text
		var length = text.length;
		//This variable are used to task find the index location of character
		var index = 0;
		//get the root node
		var head = this.root;
		for (var level = 0; level < length; level++)
		{
			//Get the index
			index = text.charCodeAt(level) - 'a'.charCodeAt(0);
			if (head.children[index] == null)
			{
				//When need to add new Node
				head.children[index] = new Node(this.alphabets);
			}
			head = head.children[index];
		}
		if (head != null)
		{
			//indicates stop of string
			head.stop = true;
		}
	}
	//This function are finding largest word length string in given tire tree
	longest_word(root, about)
	{
		var text = about;
		var temp = "";
		if (root != null)
		{
			for (var i = 0; i < this.alphabets; i++)
			{
				temp = "";
				if (root.children[i] != null)
				{
					temp = this.longest_word(root.children[i], about + String.fromCharCode(((i + 97))));
				}
				if (temp.length > text.length)
				{
					text = temp;
				}
			}
		}
		if (text.length > about.length)
		{
			return text;
		}
		else
		{
			return about;
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	//Make object of Tree
	var obj = new Trie();
	//Add following nodes in trie tree
	obj.insert("cool");
	obj.insert("coder");
	obj.insert("confirm");
	obj.insert("child");
	process.stdout.write("Longest word is : " + obj.longest_word(obj.root, ""));
}
main();

Output

Longest word is : confirm


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