Count number of occurrences in a sorted array

Here given code implementation process.

// C Program 
// Count number of occurrences in a sorted array
#include <stdio.h>

//Function which is display array elements
void display(int arr[], int size)
{
	for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i)
	{
		printf("%d ", arr[i]);
	}
	printf("\n");
}
//Method which is finding given element index
int binary_search(int arr[], int size, int element)
{
	//Defining variables are control execution process of function
	int i = 0;
	int j = (size - 1);
	int mid = 0;
	//Search intermediate element
	while (j > i)
	{
		//Get middle element
		mid = (i + j) / 2;
		if (arr[mid] > element)
		{
			//When middle element of index i and j are greater
			j = mid - 1;
		}
		else if (arr[mid] < element)
		{
			//When middle element of index i and j are less
			i = mid + 1;
		}
		else
		{
			return mid;
		}
	}
	return -1;
}
// Find the occurrence of elements in given sorted array
void count_occurrences(int arr[], int size, int element)
{
	//Find the location of any given element
	int location = binary_search(arr, size, element);
	printf("\n Array elements : ");
	display(arr, size);
	if (location > 0)
	{
		int counter = 0;
		int temp = location;
		//Find next similar nodes
		while (temp < size && arr[temp] == element)
		{
			counter++;
			temp++;
		}
		temp = location - 1;
		//Find previous similar nodes
		while (temp >= 0 && arr[temp] == element)
		{
			counter++;
			temp--;
		}
		//Display result
		printf(" Element %d are exists [%d] times\n", element, counter);
	}
	else
	{
		printf(" Element %d are not exists \n", element);
	}
}
int main()
{
	int arr1[] = {
		-2 , -1 , 2 , 3 , 3 , 3 , 3 , 5 , 5
	};
	//Get the size of array
	int size = sizeof(arr1) / sizeof(arr1[0]);
	count_occurrences(arr1, size, 3);
	int arr2[] = {
		6 , 7 , 7 , 7 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 9 , 9 , 20
	};
	//Get the size of array
	size = sizeof(arr2) / sizeof(arr2[0]);
	count_occurrences(arr2, size, 8);
	return 0;
}

Output

 Array elements : -2 -1 2 3 3 3 3 5 5
 Element 3 are exists [4] times

 Array elements : 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 20
 Element 8 are exists [5] times
// Java Program
// Count number of occurrences in a sorted array
class MyArray
{
	//Function which is display array elements
	public void display(int[] arr, int size)
	{
		for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i)
		{
			System.out.print(" " + arr[i]);
		}
		System.out.print("\n");
	}
	//Method which is finding given element index
	public int binary_search(int[] arr, int size, int element)
	{
		//Defining variables are control execution process of function
		int i = 0, j = (size - 1), mid = 0;
		//Search intermediate element
		while (j > i)
		{
			//Get middle element
			mid = (i + j) / 2;
			if (arr[mid] > element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are greater
				j = mid - 1;
			}
			else if (arr[mid] < element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are less
				i = mid + 1;
			}
			else
			{
				return mid;
			}
		}
		return -1;
	}
	// Find the occurrence of elements in given sorted array
	public void count_occurrences(int[] arr, int size, int element)
	{
		//Find the location of any given element
		int location = binary_search(arr, size, element);
		System.out.print("\n Array elements : ");
		display(arr, size);
		if (location > 0)
		{
			int counter = 0;
			int temp = location;
			//Find next similar nodes
			while (temp < size && arr[temp] == element)
			{
				counter++;
				temp++;
			}
			temp = location - 1;
			//Find previous similar nodes
			while (temp >= 0 && arr[temp] == element)
			{
				counter++;
				temp--;
			}
			//Display result
			System.out.print(" Element " + element + " are exists [" + counter + "] times\n");
		}
		else
		{
			System.out.print(" Element " + element + " are not exists \n");
		}
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		MyArray obj = new MyArray();
		int[] arr1 = {
			-2 , -1 , 2 , 3 , 3 , 3 , 3 , 5 , 5
		};
		//Get the size of array
		int size = arr1.length;
		obj.count_occurrences(arr1, size, 3);
		int[] arr2 = {
			6 , 7 , 7 , 7 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 9 , 9 , 20
		};
		//Get the size of array
		size = arr2.length;
		obj.count_occurrences(arr2, size, 8);
	}
}

Output

 Array elements :  -2 -1 2 3 3 3 3 5 5
 Element 3 are exists [4] times

 Array elements :  6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 20
 Element 8 are exists [5] times
//Include header file
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;
// C++ Program
// Count number of occurrences in a sorted array
class MyArray
{
	public:
		//Function which is display array elements
		void display(int arr[], int size)
		{
			for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i)
			{
				cout << " " << arr[i];
			}
			cout << "\n";
		}
	//Method which is finding given element index
	int binary_search(int arr[], int size, int element)
	{
		//Defining variables are control execution process of function
		int i = 0, j = (size - 1), mid = 0;
		//Search intermediate element
		while (j > i)
		{
			//Get middle element
			mid = (i + j) / 2;
			if (arr[mid] > element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are greater
				j = mid - 1;
			}
			else if (arr[mid] < element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are less
				i = mid + 1;
			}
			else
			{
				return mid;
			}
		}
		return -1;
	}
	// Find the occurrence of elements in given sorted array
	void count_occurrences(int arr[], int size, int element)
	{
		//Find the location of any given element
		int location = this->binary_search(arr, size, element);
		cout << "\n Array elements : ";
		this->display(arr, size);
		if (location > 0)
		{
			int counter = 0;
			int temp = location;
			//Find next similar nodes
			while (temp < size && arr[temp] == element)
			{
				counter++;
				temp++;
			}
			temp = location - 1;
			//Find previous similar nodes
			while (temp >= 0 && arr[temp] == element)
			{
				counter++;
				temp--;
			}
			//Display result
			cout << " Element " << element << " are exists [" << counter << "] times\n";
		}
		else
		{
			cout << " Element " << element << " are not exists \n";
		}
	}
};
int main()
{
	MyArray obj = MyArray();
	int arr1[] = {
		-2 , -1 , 2 , 3 , 3 , 3 , 3 , 5 , 5
	};
	//Get the size of array
	int size = sizeof(arr1) / sizeof(arr1[0]);
	obj.count_occurrences(arr1, size, 3);
	int arr2[] = {
		6 , 7 , 7 , 7 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 9 , 9 , 20
	};
	//Get the size of array
	size = sizeof(arr2) / sizeof(arr2[0]);
	obj.count_occurrences(arr2, size, 8);
	return 0;
}

Output

 Array elements :  -2 -1 2 3 3 3 3 5 5
 Element 3 are exists [4] times

 Array elements :  6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 20
 Element 8 are exists [5] times
//Include namespace system
using System;
// C# Program
// Count number of occurrences in a sorted array
class MyArray
{
	//Function which is display array elements
	public void display(int[] arr, int size)
	{
		for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i)
		{
			Console.Write(" " + arr[i]);
		}
		Console.Write("\n");
	}
	//Method which is finding given element index
	public int binary_search(int[] arr, int size, int element)
	{
		//Defining variables are control execution process of function
		int i = 0, j = (size - 1), mid = 0;
		//Search intermediate element
		while (j > i)
		{
			//Get middle element
			mid = (i + j) / 2;
			if (arr[mid] > element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are greater
				j = mid - 1;
			}
			else if (arr[mid] < element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are less
				i = mid + 1;
			}
			else
			{
				return mid;
			}
		}
		return -1;
	}
	// Find the occurrence of elements in given sorted array
	public void count_occurrences(int[] arr, int size, int element)
	{
		//Find the location of any given element
		int location = binary_search(arr, size, element);
		Console.Write("\n Array elements : ");
		display(arr, size);
		if (location > 0)
		{
			int counter = 0;
			int temp = location;
			//Find next similar nodes
			while (temp < size && arr[temp] == element)
			{
				counter++;
				temp++;
			}
			temp = location - 1;
			//Find previous similar nodes
			while (temp >= 0 && arr[temp] == element)
			{
				counter++;
				temp--;
			}
			//Display result
			Console.Write(" Element " + element + " are exists [" + counter + "] times\n");
		}
		else
		{
			Console.Write(" Element " + element + " are not exists \n");
		}
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		MyArray obj = new MyArray();
		int[] arr1 = {
			-2 , -1 , 2 , 3 , 3 , 3 , 3 , 5 , 5
		};
		//Get the size of array
		int size = arr1.Length;
		obj.count_occurrences(arr1, size, 3);
		int[] arr2 = {
			6 , 7 , 7 , 7 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 8 , 9 , 9 , 20
		};
		//Get the size of array
		size = arr2.Length;
		obj.count_occurrences(arr2, size, 8);
	}
}

Output

 Array elements :  -2 -1 2 3 3 3 3 5 5
 Element 3 are exists [4] times

 Array elements :  6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 20
 Element 8 are exists [5] times
<?php
// Php Program
// Count number of occurrences in a sorted array
class MyArray
{
	//Function which is display array elements
	public	function display( & $arr, $size)
	{
		for ($i = 0; $i < $size; ++$i)
		{
			echo " ". $arr[$i];
		}
		echo "\n";
	}
	//Method which is finding given element index
	public	function binary_search( & $arr, $size, $element)
	{
		//Defining variables are control execution process of function
		$i = 0;
		$j = ($size - 1);
		$mid = 0;
		//Search intermediate element
		while ($j > $i)
		{
			//Get middle element
			$mid = intval(($i + $j) / 2);
			if ($arr[$mid] > $element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are greater
				$j = $mid - 1;
			}
			else if ($arr[$mid] < $element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are less
				$i = $mid + 1;
			}
			else
			{
				return $mid;
			}
		}
		return -1;
	}
	// Find the occurrence of elements in given sorted array
	public	function count_occurrences( & $arr, $size, $element)
	{
		//Find the location of any given element
		$location = $this->binary_search($arr, $size, $element);
		echo "\n Array elements : ";
		$this->display($arr, $size);
		if ($location > 0)
		{
			$counter = 0;
			$temp = $location;
			//Find next similar nodes
			while ($temp < $size && $arr[$temp] == $element)
			{
				$counter++;
				$temp++;
			}
			$temp = $location - 1;
			//Find previous similar nodes
			while ($temp >= 0 && $arr[$temp] == $element)
			{
				$counter++;
				$temp--;
			}
			echo " Element ". $element ." are exists [". $counter ."] times\n";
		}
		else
		{
			echo " Element ". $element ." are not exists \n";
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	$obj = new MyArray();
	$arr1 = array(-2, -1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5);
	//Get the size of array
	$size = count($arr1);
	$obj->count_occurrences($arr1, $size, 3);
	$arr2 = array(6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 9, 9, 20);
	//Get the size of array
	$size = count($arr2);
	$obj->count_occurrences($arr2, $size, 8);
}
main();

Output

 Array elements :  -2 -1 2 3 3 3 3 5 5
 Element 3 are exists [4] times

 Array elements :  6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 20
 Element 8 are exists [5] times
// Node Js Program
// Count number of occurrences in a sorted array
class MyArray
{
	//Function which is display array elements
	display(arr, size)
	{
		for (var i = 0; i < size; ++i)
		{
			process.stdout.write(" " + arr[i]);
		}
		process.stdout.write("\n");
	}
	//Method which is finding given element index
	binary_search(arr, size, element)
	{
		//Defining variables are control execution process of function
		var i = 0;
		var j = (size - 1);
		var mid = 0;
		//Search intermediate element
		while (j > i)
		{
			//Get middle element
			mid = parseInt((i + j) / 2);
			if (arr[mid] > element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are greater
				j = mid - 1;
			}
			else if (arr[mid] < element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are less
				i = mid + 1;
			}
			else
			{
				return mid;
			}
		}
		return -1;
	}
	// Find the occurrence of elements in given sorted array
	count_occurrences(arr, size, element)
	{
		//Find the location of any given element
		var location = this.binary_search(arr, size, element);
		process.stdout.write("\n Array elements : ");
		this.display(arr, size);
		if (location > 0)
		{
			var counter = 0;
			var temp = location;
			//Find next similar nodes
			while (temp < size && arr[temp] == element)
			{
				counter++;
				temp++;
			}
			temp = location - 1;
			//Find previous similar nodes
			while (temp >= 0 && arr[temp] == element)
			{
				counter++;
				temp--;
			}
			process.stdout.write(" Element " + element + " are exists [" + counter + "] times\n");
		}
		else
		{
			process.stdout.write(" Element " + element + " are not exists \n");
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	var obj = new MyArray();
	var arr1 = [-2, -1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5];
	//Get the size of array
	var size = arr1.length;
	obj.count_occurrences(arr1, size, 3);
	var arr2 = [6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 9, 9, 20];
	//Get the size of array
	size = arr2.length;
	obj.count_occurrences(arr2, size, 8);
}
main();

Output

 Array elements :  -2 -1 2 3 3 3 3 5 5
 Element 3 are exists [4] times

 Array elements :  6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 20
 Element 8 are exists [5] times
#  Python 3 Program
#  Count number of occurrences in a sorted array
class MyArray :
	# Function which is display array elements
	def display(self, arr, size) :
		i = 0
		while (i < size) :
			print(" ", arr[i], end = "")
			i += 1
		
		print("\n", end = "")
	
	# Method which is finding given element index
	def binary_search(self, arr, size, element) :
		# Defining variables are control execution process of function
		i = 0
		j = (size - 1)
		mid = 0
		# Search intermediate element
		while (j > i) :
			# Get middle element
			mid = int((i + j) / 2)
			if (arr[mid] > element) :
				# When middle element of index i and j are greater
				j = mid - 1
			
			elif(arr[mid] < element) :
				# When middle element of index i and j are less
				i = mid + 1
			else :
				return mid
			
		
		return -1
	
	#  Find the occurrence of elements in given sorted array
	def count_occurrences(self, arr, size, element) :
		# Find the location of any given element
		location = self.binary_search(arr, size, element)
		print("\n Array elements : ", end = "")
		self.display(arr, size)
		if (location > 0) :
			counter = 0
			temp = location
			# Find next similar nodes
			while (temp < size and arr[temp] == element) :
				counter += 1
				temp += 1
			
			temp = location - 1
			# Find previous similar nodes
			while (temp >= 0 and arr[temp] == element) :
				counter += 1
				temp -= 1
			
			print(" Element ", element ," are exists [", counter ,"] times\n", end = "")
		else :
			print(" Element ", element ," are not exists \n", end = "")
		
	

def main() :
	obj = MyArray()
	arr1 = [-2, -1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5]
	# Get the size of array
	size = len(arr1)
	obj.count_occurrences(arr1, size, 3)
	arr2 = [6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 9, 9, 20]
	# Get the size of array
	size = len(arr2)
	obj.count_occurrences(arr2, size, 8)

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

 Array elements :   -2  -1  2  3  3  3  3  5  5
 Element  3  are exists [ 4 ] times

 Array elements :   6  7  7  7  8  8  8  8  8  9  9  20
 Element  8  are exists [ 5 ] times
#  Ruby Program
#  Count number of occurrences in a sorted array
class MyArray

	# Function which is display array elements
	def display(arr, size)
	
		i = 0
		while (i < size)
		
			print(" ", arr[i])
			i += 1
		end
		print("\n")
	end
	# Method which is finding given element index
	def binary_search(arr, size, element)
	
		# Defining variables are control execution process of function
		i = 0
		j = (size - 1)
		mid = 0
		# Search intermediate element
		while (j > i)
		
			# Get middle element
			mid = (i + j) / 2
			if (arr[mid] > element)
			
				# When middle element of index i and j are greater
				j = mid - 1
			elsif(arr[mid] < element)
			
				# When middle element of index i and j are less
				i = mid + 1
			else
			
				return mid
			end
		end
		return -1
	end
	#  Find the occurrence of elements in given sorted array
	def count_occurrences(arr, size, element)
	
		# Find the location of any given element
		location = self.binary_search(arr, size, element)
		print("\n Array elements : ")
		self.display(arr, size)
		if (location > 0)
		
			counter = 0
			temp = location
			# Find next similar nodes
			while (temp < size && arr[temp] == element)
			
				counter += 1
				temp += 1
			end
			temp = location - 1
			# Find previous similar nodes
			while (temp >= 0 && arr[temp] == element)
			
				counter += 1
				temp -= 1
			end
			# Display result
			print(" Element ", element ," are exists [", counter ,"] times\n")
		else
		
			print(" Element ", element ," are not exists \n")
		end
	end
end
def main()

	obj = MyArray.new()
	arr1 = [-2, -1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5]
	# Get the size of array
	size = arr1.length
	obj.count_occurrences(arr1, size, 3)
	arr2 = [6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 9, 9, 20]
	# Get the size of array
	size = arr2.length
	obj.count_occurrences(arr2, size, 8)
end
main()

Output

 Array elements :  -2 -1 2 3 3 3 3 5 5
 Element 3 are exists [4] times

 Array elements :  6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 20
 Element 8 are exists [5] times
// Scala Program
// Count number of occurrences in a sorted array
class MyArray
{
	//Function which is display array elements
	def display(arr: Array[Int], size: Int): Unit = {
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < size)
		{
			print(" " + arr(i));
			i += 1;
		}
		print("\n");
	}
	//Method which is finding given element index
	def binary_search(arr: Array[Int], size: Int, element: Int): Int = {
		//Defining variables are control execution process of function
		var i: Int = 0;
		var j: Int = (size - 1);
		var mid: Int = 0;
		//Search intermediate element
		while (j > i)
		{
			//Get middle element
			mid = ((i + j) / 2).toInt;
			if (arr(mid) > element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are greater
				j = mid - 1;
			}
			else if (arr(mid) < element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are less
				i = mid + 1;
			}
			else
			{
				return mid;
			}
		}
		return -1;
	}
	// Find the occurrence of elements in given sorted array
	def count_occurrences(arr: Array[Int], size: Int, element: Int): Unit = {
		//Find the location of any given element
		var location: Int = binary_search(arr, size, element);
		print("\n Array elements : ");
		display(arr, size);
		if (location > 0)
		{
			var counter: Int = 0;
			var temp: Int = location;
			//Find next similar nodes
			while (temp < size && arr(temp) == element)
			{
				counter += 1;
				temp += 1;
			}
			temp = location - 1;
			//Find previous similar nodes
			while (temp >= 0 && arr(temp) == element)
			{
				counter += 1;
				temp -= 1;
			}
			//Display result
			print(" Element " + element + " are exists [" + counter + "] times\n");
		}
		else
		{
			print(" Element " + element + " are not exists \n");
		}
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		var obj: MyArray = new MyArray();
		var arr1: Array[Int] = Array(-2, -1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5);
		//Get the size of array
		var size: Int = arr1.length;
		obj.count_occurrences(arr1, size, 3);
		var arr2: Array[Int] = Array(6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 9, 9, 20);
		//Get the size of array
		size = arr2.length;
		obj.count_occurrences(arr2, size, 8);
	}
}

Output

 Array elements :  -2 -1 2 3 3 3 3 5 5
 Element 3 are exists [4] times

 Array elements :  6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 20
 Element 8 are exists [5] times
// Swift Program
// Count number of occurrences in a sorted array
class MyArray
{
	//Function which is display array elements
	func display(_ arr: [Int], _ size: Int)
	{
		var i: Int = 0;
		while (i < size)
		{
			print(" ", arr[i], terminator: "");
			i += 1;
		}
		print("\n", terminator: "");
	}
	//Method which is finding given element index
	func binary_search(_ arr: [Int], _ size: Int, _ element: Int) -> Int
	{
		//Defining variables are control execution process of function
		var i: Int = 0;
		var j: Int = (size - 1);
		var mid: Int = 0;
		//Search intermediate element
		while (j > i)
		{
			//Get middle element
			mid = (i + j) / 2;
			if (arr[mid] > element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are greater
				j = mid - 1;
			}
			else if (arr[mid] < element)
			{
				//When middle element of index i and j are less
				i = mid + 1;
			}
			else
			{
				return mid;
			}
		}
		return -1;
	}
	// Find the occurrence of elements in given sorted array
	func count_occurrences(_ arr: [Int], _ size: Int, _ element: Int)
	{
		//Find the location of any given element
		let location: Int = self.binary_search(arr, size, element);
		print("\n Array elements : ", terminator: "");
		self.display(arr, size);
		if (location > 0)
		{
			var counter: Int = 0;
			var temp: Int = location;
			//Find next similar nodes
			while (temp < size && arr[temp] == element)
			{
				counter += 1;
				temp += 1;
			}
			temp = location - 1;
			//Find previous similar nodes
			while (temp >= 0 && arr[temp] == element)
			{
				counter += 1;
				temp -= 1;
			}
			print(" Element ", element ," are exists [", counter ,"] times\n", terminator: "");
		}
		else
		{
			print(" Element ", element ," are not exists \n", terminator: "");
		}
	}
}
func main()
{
	let obj: MyArray = MyArray();
	let arr1: [Int] = [-2, -1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5];
	//Get the size of array
	var size: Int = arr1.count;
	obj.count_occurrences(arr1, size, 3);
	let arr2: [Int] = [6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 9, 9, 20];
	//Get the size of array
	size = arr2.count;
	obj.count_occurrences(arr2, size, 8);
}
main();

Output

 Array elements :   -2  -1  2  3  3  3  3  5  5
 Element  3  are exists [ 4 ] times

 Array elements :   6  7  7  7  8  8  8  8  8  9  9  20
 Element  8  are exists [ 5 ] times

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