Convert given binary tree to its sum tree

Here given code implementation process.

/*
    C Program 
    In-place convert given binary tree to its sum tree
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

//Structure of Binary Tree node
struct Node
{
	int data;
	struct Node *left, *right;
};
//Create a binary tree nodes and node fields (data,pointer) 
//And returning the reference of newly nodes
struct Node *insert(int data)
{
	//create dynamic memory to new binary tree node
	struct Node *new_node = (struct Node *) malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
	if (new_node != NULL)
	{
		//Set node value
		new_node->data = data;
		new_node->left = NULL;
		new_node->right = NULL;
	}
	else
	{
		printf("Memory Overflow\n");
	}
	//return reference
	return new_node;
}
//Display tree element preorder form
void preorder(struct Node *node)
{
	if (node != NULL)
	{
		//Print node value
		printf("  %d", node->data);
		preorder(node->left);
		preorder(node->right);
	}
}
//Transform binary tree to its sum tree
int sum_tree(struct Node *node)
{
	if (node != NULL)
	{
		int a = sum_tree(node->left);
		int b = sum_tree(node->right);
		int current = node->data;
		// Change node data
		node->data = a + b;
		if (node->left == NULL && node->right == NULL)
		{
			// When node is leaf
			return current;
		}
		else
		{
			return a + b + current;
		}
	}
	else
	{
		return 0;
	}
}
int main()
{
	struct Node *root = NULL;
	/*
	Construct Binary Tree
	-----------------------
	         1
	       /   \
	      6     8
	     / \   / \
	    2   3 4   5
	   /       \
	  7        -2
	            
	*/
	//Add binary tree nodes
	root = insert(1);
	root->left = insert(6);
	root->left->left = insert(2);
	root->right = insert(8);
	root->right->right = insert(5);
	root->right->left = insert(4);
	root->right->left->right = insert(-2);
	root->left->right = insert(3);
	root->left->left->left = insert(7);
	printf("  Before Convert\n");
	preorder(root);
	//Convert to its sum tree
	sum_tree(root);
	/*
	Converted sum tree 
	-----------------------
	        33
	       /  \
	      /    \
	     /      \
	    12       7
	   /  \     / \
	  7    0  -2   0
	 /          \
	0            0
	*/
	printf("\n  After Convert \n");
	preorder(root);
	return 0;
}

Output

  Before Convert
  1  6  2  7  3  8  4  -2  5
  After Convert
  33  12  7  0  0  7  -2  0  0
/*
    Java Program
    In-place convert given binary tree to its sum tree
*/

// Binary Tree node
class Node
{
	public int data;
	public Node left;
	public Node right;
	public Node(int data)
	{
		//set node value
		this.data = data;
		this.left = null;
		this.right = null;
	}
}
class BinaryTree
{
	public Node root;
	public BinaryTree()
	{
		// Set initial tree root to null
		this.root = null;
	}
	// Display tree elements in preorder form
	public void preorder(Node node)
	{
		if (node != null)
		{
			// Print node value
			System.out.print(" " + node.data + " ");
			preorder(node.left);
			preorder(node.right);
		}
	}
	// Transform binary tree to its sum tree
	public int sum_tree(Node node)
	{
		if (node != null)
		{
			int a = sum_tree(node.left);
			int b = sum_tree(node.right);
			int current = node.data;
			// Change node data
			node.data = a + b;
			if (node.left == null && node.right == null)
			{
				// When node is leaf
				return current;
			}
			else
			{
				return a + b + current;
			}
		}
		else
		{
			return 0;
		}
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		// Make object of binary tree
		BinaryTree tree = new BinaryTree();
		/* 
		Construct Binary Tree
		-----------------------
		         1
		       /   \
		      6     8
		     / \   / \
		    2   3 4   5
		   /       \
		  7        -2
		            
		*/
		//Add binary tree nodes
		tree.root = new Node(1);
		tree.root.left = new Node(6);
		tree.root.left.left = new Node(2);
		tree.root.right = new Node(8);
		tree.root.right.right = new Node(5);
		tree.root.right.left = new Node(4);
		tree.root.right.left.right = new Node(-2);
		tree.root.left.right = new Node(3);
		tree.root.left.left.left = new Node(7);
		System.out.print(" Before Convert\n");
		tree.preorder(tree.root);
		//Convert to its sum tree
		tree.sum_tree(tree.root);
		/* 
		Converted sum tree 
		-----------------------
		        33
		       /  \
		      /    \
		     /      \
		    12       7
		   /  \     / \
		  7    0  -2   0
		 /          \
		0            0
		*/
		System.out.print("\n After Convert \n");
		tree.preorder(tree.root);
	}
}

Output

 Before Convert
 1  6  2  7  3  8  4  -2  5
 After Convert
 33  12  7  0  0  7  -2  0  0
//Include header file
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

/*
    C++ Program
    In-place convert given binary tree to its sum tree
*/

// Binary Tree node
class Node
{
	public: int data;
	Node *left;
	Node *right;
	Node(int data)
	{
		//set node value
		this->data = data;
		this->left = NULL;
		this->right = NULL;
	}
};
class BinaryTree
{
	public: Node *root;
	BinaryTree()
	{
		// Set initial tree root to null
		this->root = NULL;
	}
	// Display tree elements in preorder form
	void preorder(Node *node)
	{
		if (node != NULL)
		{
			// Print node value
			cout << " " << node->data << " ";
			this->preorder(node->left);
			this->preorder(node->right);
		}
	}
	// Transform binary tree to its sum tree
	int sum_tree(Node *node)
	{
		if (node != NULL)
		{
			int a = this->sum_tree(node->left);
			int b = this->sum_tree(node->right);
			int current = node->data;
			// Change node data
			node->data = a + b;
			if (node->left == NULL && node->right == NULL)
			{
				// When node is leaf
				return current;
			}
			else
			{
				return a + b + current;
			}
		}
		else
		{
			return 0;
		}
	}
};
int main()
{
	// Make object of binary tree
	BinaryTree tree = BinaryTree();
	tree.root = new Node(1);
	tree.root->left = new Node(6);
	tree.root->left->left = new Node(2);
	tree.root->right = new Node(8);
	tree.root->right->right = new Node(5);
	tree.root->right->left = new Node(4);
	tree.root->right->left->right = new Node(-2);
	tree.root->left->right = new Node(3);
	tree.root->left->left->left = new Node(7);
	cout << " Before Convert\n";
	tree.preorder(tree.root);
	//Convert to its sum tree
	tree.sum_tree(tree.root);
	/*
			Converted sum tree 
			-----------------------
			        33
			       /  \
			      /    \
			     /      \
			    12       7
			   /  \     / \
			  7    0  -2   0
			 /          \
			0            0
			*/
	cout << "\n After Convert \n";
	tree.preorder(tree.root);
	return 0;
}

Output

 Before Convert
 1  6  2  7  3  8  4  -2  5
 After Convert
 33  12  7  0  0  7  -2  0  0
//Include namespace system
using System;

/*
    C# Program
    In-place convert given binary tree to its sum tree
*/

// Binary Tree node
class Node
{
	public int data;
	public Node left;
	public Node right;
	public Node(int data)
	{
		//set node value
		this.data = data;
		this.left = null;
		this.right = null;
	}
}
class BinaryTree
{
	public Node root;
	public BinaryTree()
	{
		// Set initial tree root to null
		this.root = null;
	}
	// Display tree elements in preorder form
	public void preorder(Node node)
	{
		if (node != null)
		{
			// Print node value
			Console.Write(" " + node.data + " ");
			preorder(node.left);
			preorder(node.right);
		}
	}
	// Transform binary tree to its sum tree
	public int sum_tree(Node node)
	{
		if (node != null)
		{
			int a = sum_tree(node.left);
			int b = sum_tree(node.right);
			int current = node.data;
			// Change node data
			node.data = a + b;
			if (node.left == null && node.right == null)
			{
				// When node is leaf
				return current;
			}
			else
			{
				return a + b + current;
			}
		}
		else
		{
			return 0;
		}
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		// Make object of binary tree
		BinaryTree tree = new BinaryTree();
		tree.root = new Node(1);
		tree.root.left = new Node(6);
		tree.root.left.left = new Node(2);
		tree.root.right = new Node(8);
		tree.root.right.right = new Node(5);
		tree.root.right.left = new Node(4);
		tree.root.right.left.right = new Node(-2);
		tree.root.left.right = new Node(3);
		tree.root.left.left.left = new Node(7);
		Console.Write(" Before Convert\n");
		tree.preorder(tree.root);
		//Convert to its sum tree
		tree.sum_tree(tree.root);
		/* 
				Converted sum tree 
				-----------------------
				        33
				       /  \
				      /    \
				     /      \
				    12       7
				   /  \     / \
				  7    0  -2   0
				 /          \
				0            0
				*/
		Console.Write("\n After Convert \n");
		tree.preorder(tree.root);
	}
}

Output

 Before Convert
 1  6  2  7  3  8  4  -2  5
 After Convert
 33  12  7  0  0  7  -2  0  0
<?php
/*
    Php Program
    In-place convert given binary tree to its sum tree
*/

// Binary Tree node
class Node
{
	public $data;
	public $left;
	public $right;

	function __construct($data)
	{
		//set node value
		$this->data = $data;
		$this->left = null;
		$this->right = null;
	}
}
class BinaryTree
{
	public $root;

	function __construct()
	{
		// Set initial tree root to null
		$this->root = null;
	}
	// Display tree elements in preorder form
	public	function preorder($node)
	{
		if ($node != null)
		{
			// Print node value
			echo " ". $node->data ." ";
			$this->preorder($node->left);
			$this->preorder($node->right);
		}
	}
	// Transform binary tree to its sum tree
	public	function sum_tree($node)
	{
		if ($node != null)
		{
			$a = $this->sum_tree($node->left);
			$b = $this->sum_tree($node->right);
			$current = $node->data;
			// Change node data
			$node->data = $a + $b;
			if ($node->left == null && $node->right == null)
			{
				// When node is leaf
				return $current;
			}
			else
			{
				return $a + $b + $current;
			}
		}
		else
		{
			return 0;
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	// Make object of binary tree
	$tree = new BinaryTree();
	/* 
			Construct Binary Tree
			-----------------------
			         1
			       /   \
			      6     8
			     / \   / \
			    2   3 4   5
			   /       \
			  7        -2
			            
			*/
	//Add binary tree nodes
	$tree->root = new Node(1);
	$tree->root->left = new Node(6);
	$tree->root->left->left = new Node(2);
	$tree->root->right = new Node(8);
	$tree->root->right->right = new Node(5);
	$tree->root->right->left = new Node(4);
	$tree->root->right->left->right = new Node(-2);
	$tree->root->left->right = new Node(3);
	$tree->root->left->left->left = new Node(7);
	echo " Before Convert\n";
	$tree->preorder($tree->root);
	//Convert to its sum tree
	$tree->sum_tree($tree->root);
	/* 
			Converted sum tree 
			-----------------------
			        33
			       /  \
			      /    \
			     /      \
			    12       7
			   /  \     / \
			  7    0  -2   0
			 /          \
			0            0
			*/
	echo "\n After Convert \n";
	$tree->preorder($tree->root);
}
main();

Output

 Before Convert
 1  6  2  7  3  8  4  -2  5
 After Convert
 33  12  7  0  0  7  -2  0  0
/*
    Node Js Program
    In-place convert given binary tree to its sum tree
*/
// Binary Tree node
class Node
{
	constructor(data)
	{
		//set node value
		this.data = data;
		this.left = null;
		this.right = null;
	}
}
class BinaryTree
{
	constructor()
	{
		// Set initial tree root to null
		this.root = null;
	}
	// Display tree elements in preorder form
	preorder(node)
	{
		if (node != null)
		{
			// Print node value
			process.stdout.write(" " + node.data + " ");
			this.preorder(node.left);
			this.preorder(node.right);
		}
	}
	// Transform binary tree to its sum tree
	sum_tree(node)
	{
		if (node != null)
		{
			var a = this.sum_tree(node.left);
			var b = this.sum_tree(node.right);
			var current = node.data;
			// Change node data
			node.data = a + b;
			if (node.left == null && node.right == null)
			{
				// When node is leaf
				return current;
			}
			else
			{
				return a + b + current;
			}
		}
		else
		{
			return 0;
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	// Make object of binary tree
	var tree = new BinaryTree();
	/* 
			Construct Binary Tree
			-----------------------
			         1
			       /   \
			      6     8
			     / \   / \
			    2   3 4   5
			   /       \
			  7        -2
			            
			*/
	//Add binary tree nodes
	tree.root = new Node(1);
	tree.root.left = new Node(6);
	tree.root.left.left = new Node(2);
	tree.root.right = new Node(8);
	tree.root.right.right = new Node(5);
	tree.root.right.left = new Node(4);
	tree.root.right.left.right = new Node(-2);
	tree.root.left.right = new Node(3);
	tree.root.left.left.left = new Node(7);
	process.stdout.write(" Before Convert\n");
	tree.preorder(tree.root);
	//Convert to its sum tree
	tree.sum_tree(tree.root);
	/* 
			Converted sum tree 
			-----------------------
			        33
			       /  \
			      /    \
			     /      \
			    12       7
			   /  \     / \
			  7    0  -2   0
			 /          \
			0            0
			*/
	process.stdout.write("\n After Convert \n");
	tree.preorder(tree.root);
}
main();

Output

 Before Convert
 1  6  2  7  3  8  4  -2  5
 After Convert
 33  12  7  0  0  7  -2  0  0
#     Python3 Program
#     In-place convert given binary tree to its sum tree

#  Binary Tree node
class Node :
	
	def __init__(self, data) :
		# set node value
		self.data = data
		self.left = None
		self.right = None
	

class BinaryTree :
	
	def __init__(self) :
		#  Set initial tree root to null
		self.root = None
	
	#  Display tree elements in preorder form
	def preorder(self, node) :
		if (node != None) :
			#  Print node value
			print(" ", node.data ," ", end = "")
			self.preorder(node.left)
			self.preorder(node.right)
		
	
	#  Transform binary tree to its sum tree
	def sum_tree(self, node) :
		if (node != None) :
			a = self.sum_tree(node.left)
			b = self.sum_tree(node.right)
			current = node.data
			#  Change node data
			node.data = a + b
			if (node.left == None and node.right == None) :
				#  When node is leaf
				return current
			else :
				return a + b + current
			
		else :
			return 0
		
	

def main() :
	#  Make object of binary tree
	tree = BinaryTree()
	#  
	# 		Construct Binary Tree
	# 		-----------------------
	# 		         1
	# 		       /   \
	# 		      6     8
	# 		     / \   / \
	# 		    2   3 4   5
	# 		   /       \
	# 		  7        -2
	# 		            
	# 		
	
	# Add binary tree nodes
	tree.root = Node(1)
	tree.root.left = Node(6)
	tree.root.left.left = Node(2)
	tree.root.right = Node(8)
	tree.root.right.right = Node(5)
	tree.root.right.left = Node(4)
	tree.root.right.left.right = Node(-2)
	tree.root.left.right = Node(3)
	tree.root.left.left.left = Node(7)
	print(" Before Convert\n", end = "")
	tree.preorder(tree.root)
	# Convert to its sum tree
	tree.sum_tree(tree.root)
	#  
	# 		Converted sum tree 
	# 		-----------------------
	# 		        33
	# 		       /  \
	# 		      /    \
	# 		     /      \
	# 		    12       7
	# 		   /  \     / \
	# 		  7    0  -2   0
	# 		 /          \
	# 		0            0
	# 		
	
	print("\n After Convert \n", end = "")
	tree.preorder(tree.root)

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

 Before Convert
  1    6    2    7    3    8    4    -2    5
 After Convert
  33    12    7    0    0    7    -2    0    0
#     Ruby Program
#     In-place convert given binary tree to its sum tree

#  Binary Tree node
class Node  
	# Define the accessor and reader of class Node  
	attr_reader :data, :left, :right
	attr_accessor :data, :left, :right
 
	
	def initialize(data) 
		# set node value
		self.data = data
		self.left = nil
		self.right = nil
	end

end

class BinaryTree  
	# Define the accessor and reader of class BinaryTree  
	attr_reader :root
	attr_accessor :root
 
	
	def initialize() 
		#  Set initial tree root to null
		self.root = nil
	end

	#  Display tree elements in preorder form
	def preorder(node) 
		if (node != nil) 
			#  Print node value
			print(" ", node.data ," ")
			self.preorder(node.left)
			self.preorder(node.right)
		end

	end

	#  Transform binary tree to its sum tree
	def sum_tree(node) 
		if (node != nil) 
			a = self.sum_tree(node.left)
			b = self.sum_tree(node.right)
			current = node.data
			#  Change node data
			node.data = a + b
			if (node.left == nil && node.right == nil) 
				#  When node is leaf
				return current
			else 
				return a + b + current
			end

		else 
			return 0
		end

	end

end

def main() 
	#  Make object of binary tree
	tree = BinaryTree.new()
	#  
	# 		Construct Binary Tree
	# 		-----------------------
	# 		         1
	# 		       /   \
	# 		      6     8
	# 		     / \   / \
	# 		    2   3 4   5
	# 		   /       \
	# 		  7        -2
	# 		            
	# 		
	
	# Add binary tree nodes
	tree.root = Node.new(1)
	tree.root.left = Node.new(6)
	tree.root.left.left = Node.new(2)
	tree.root.right = Node.new(8)
	tree.root.right.right = Node.new(5)
	tree.root.right.left = Node.new(4)
	tree.root.right.left.right = Node.new(-2)
	tree.root.left.right = Node.new(3)
	tree.root.left.left.left = Node.new(7)
	print(" Before Convert\n")
	tree.preorder(tree.root)
	# Convert to its sum tree
	tree.sum_tree(tree.root)
	#  
	# 		Converted sum tree 
	# 		-----------------------
	# 		        33
	# 		       /  \
	# 		      /    \
	# 		     /      \
	# 		    12       7
	# 		   /  \     / \
	# 		  7    0  -2   0
	# 		 /          \
	# 		0            0
	# 		
	
	print("\n After Convert \n")
	tree.preorder(tree.root)
end

main()

Output

 Before Convert
 1  6  2  7  3  8  4  -2  5 
 After Convert 
 33  12  7  0  0  7  -2  0  0 
/*
    Scala Program
    In-place convert given binary tree to its sum tree
*/
// Binary Tree node
class Node(var data: Int,
	var left: Node,
		var right: Node)
{
	def this(data: Int)
	{
		this(data, null, null);
	}
}
class BinaryTree(var root: Node)
{
	def this()
	{
		this(null);
	}
	// Display tree elements in preorder form
	def preorder(node: Node): Unit = {
		if (node != null)
		{
			// Print node value
			print(" " + node.data + " ");
			preorder(node.left);
			preorder(node.right);
		}
	}
	// Transform binary tree to its sum tree
	def sum_tree(node: Node): Int = {
		if (node != null)
		{
			var a: Int = sum_tree(node.left);
			var b: Int = sum_tree(node.right);
			var current: Int = node.data;
			// Change node data
			node.data = a + b;
			if (node.left == null && node.right == null)
			{
				// When node is leaf
				return current;
			}
			else
			{
				return a + b + current;
			}
		}
		else
		{
			return 0;
		}
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		// Make object of binary tree
		var tree: BinaryTree = new BinaryTree();
		/* 
				Construct Binary Tree
				-----------------------
				         1
				       /   \
				      6     8
				     / \   / \
				    2   3 4   5
				   /       \
				  7        -2
				            
				*/
		//Add binary tree nodes
		tree.root = new Node(1);
		tree.root.left = new Node(6);
		tree.root.left.left = new Node(2);
		tree.root.right = new Node(8);
		tree.root.right.right = new Node(5);
		tree.root.right.left = new Node(4);
		tree.root.right.left.right = new Node(-2);
		tree.root.left.right = new Node(3);
		tree.root.left.left.left = new Node(7);
		print(" Before Convert\n");
		tree.preorder(tree.root);
		//Convert to its sum tree
		tree.sum_tree(tree.root);
		/* 
				Converted sum tree 
				-----------------------
				        33
				       /  \
				      /    \
				     /      \
				    12       7
				   /  \     / \
				  7    0  -2   0
				 /          \
				0            0
				*/
		print("\n After Convert \n");
		tree.preorder(tree.root);
	}
}

Output

 Before Convert
 1  6  2  7  3  8  4  -2  5
 After Convert
 33  12  7  0  0  7  -2  0  0
/*
    Swift 4 Program
    In-place convert given binary tree to its sum tree
*/
// Binary Tree node
class Node
{
	var data: Int;
	var left: Node? ;
	var right: Node? ;
	init(_ data: Int)
	{
		//set node value
		self.data = data;
		self.left = nil;
		self.right = nil;
	}
}
class BinaryTree
{
	var root: Node? ;
	init()
	{
		// Set initial tree root to null
		self.root = nil;
	}
	// Display tree elements in preorder form
	func preorder(_ node: Node? )
	{
		if (node != nil)
		{
			// Print node value
			print(" ", node!.data ," ", terminator: "");
			self.preorder(node!.left);
			self.preorder(node!.right);
		}
	}
	// Transform binary tree to its sum tree
	func sum_tree(_ node: Node? ) -> Int
	{
		if (node != nil)
		{
			let a: Int = self.sum_tree(node!.left);
			let b: Int = self.sum_tree(node!.right);
			let current: Int = node!.data;
			// Change node data
			node!.data = a + b;
			if (node!.left == nil && node!.right == nil)
			{
				// When node is leaf
				return current;
			}
			else
			{
				return a + b + current;
			}
		}
		else
		{
			return 0;
		}
	}
}
func main()
{
	// Make object of binary tree
	let tree: BinaryTree = BinaryTree();
	tree.root = Node(1);
	tree.root!.left = Node(6);
	tree.root!.left!.left = Node(2);
	tree.root!.right = Node(8);
	tree.root!.right!.right = Node(5);
	tree.root!.right!.left = Node(4);
	tree.root!.right!.left!.right = Node(-2);
	tree.root!.left!.right = Node(3);
	tree.root!.left!.left!.left = Node(7);
	print(" Before Convert\n", terminator: "");
	tree.preorder(tree.root);
	//Convert to its sum tree
	let _ = tree.sum_tree(tree.root);
	/* 
			Converted sum tree 
			-----------------------
			        33
			       /  \
			      /    \
			     /      \
			    12       7
			   /  \     / \
			  7    0  -2   0
			 /          \
			0            0
			*/
	print("\n After Convert \n", terminator: "");
	tree.preorder(tree.root);
}
main();

Output

 Before Convert
  1    6    2    7    3    8    4    -2    5
 After Convert
  33    12    7    0    0    7    -2    0    0


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