Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree

Calkin-Wilf Tree

Here given code implementation process.

/*
    C program for
    Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
*/
#include <stdio.h>

#include <stdlib.h>
 // Tree Node
struct TreeNode
{
    int a;
    int b;
    struct TreeNode *left;
    struct TreeNode *right;
};
struct CalkinWilfTree
{
    struct TreeNode *root;
};
// Create new tree
struct CalkinWilfTree *newTree()
{
    // Create dynamic node
    struct CalkinWilfTree *tree = 
      (struct CalkinWilfTree *) malloc(sizeof(struct CalkinWilfTree));
    if (tree != NULL)
    {
        tree->root = NULL;
    }
    else
    {
        printf("Memory Overflow to Create tree Tree\n");
    }
    // return new tree
    return tree;
}
// This is creating and return new node of tree
struct TreeNode *newNode(int a, int b)
{
    // Create dynamic node
    struct TreeNode *node = 
      (struct TreeNode *) malloc(sizeof(struct TreeNode));
    if (node != NULL)
    {
        node->a = a;
        node->b = b;
        node->left = NULL;
        node->right = NULL;
    }
    else
    {
        // This is indicates, 
        // Segmentation fault or memory overflow problem
        printf("Memory Overflow\n");
    }
    // return new node
    return node;
}
// This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
struct TreeNode *constructTree(int a, int b, int level)
{
    if (level == 0)
    {
        return NULL;
    }
    struct TreeNode *node = newNode(a, b);
    //  build left and right subtree by using recursively
    node->left = constructTree(a, a + b, level - 1);
    node->right = constructTree(a + b, b, level - 1);
    return node;
}
struct TreeNode *makeTree(int level)
{
    return constructTree(1, 1, level);
}
void preorder(struct TreeNode *node)
{
    if (node != NULL)
    {
        printf(" (%d/%d)", node->a, node->b);
        preorder(node->left);
        preorder(node->right);
    }
}
int main(int argc, char
    const *argv[])
{
    int level = 3;
    struct CalkinWilfTree *tree = newTree();
    /*
        Level : 3
        -----------------------

                 (1/1) 
                /     \
               /       \
           (1/2)       (2/1)
            /  \        /  \
        (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)

        -----------------------
            Calkin Wilf Tree
    */
    tree->root = makeTree(level);
    // Print tree node value
    preorder(tree->root);
    return 0;
}

Output

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// Java program for
// Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
class TreeNode
{
    public int a;
    public int b;
    public TreeNode left;
    public TreeNode right;
    public TreeNode(int a, int b)
    {
        // Set data value
        this.a = a;
        this.b = b;
        // Set node value
        this.left = null;
        this.right = null;
    }
}
public class CalkinWilfTree
{
    // Tree Root
    public TreeNode root;
    public CalkinWilfTree()
    {
        this.root = null;
    }
    // This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
    public TreeNode constructTree(int a, int b, int level)
    {
        if (level == 0)
        {
            return null;
        }
        TreeNode node = new TreeNode(a, b);
        //  build left and right subtree by using recursively
        node.left  = constructTree(a, a + b, level - 1);
        node.right = constructTree(a + b, b, level - 1);
        return node;
    }
    public void preorder(TreeNode node)
    {
        if (node != null)
        {
            System.out.print(" (" + node.a + "/" + node.b + ")");
            preorder(node.left);
            preorder(node.right);
        }
    }
    public void makeTree(int level)
    {
        if (level > 0)
        {
            this.root = constructTree(1, 1, level);
        }
    }
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        CalkinWilfTree tree = new CalkinWilfTree();
        int level = 3;
        /*
            Level : 3
            -----------------------

                     (1/1) 
                    /     \
                   /       \
               (1/2)       (2/1)
                /  \        /  \
            (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)

            -----------------------
                Calkin Wilf Tree
        */
        tree.makeTree(level);
        // Print tree node value
        tree.preorder(tree.root);
    }
}

Output

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// Include header file
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;
// C++ program for
// Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
class TreeNode
{
    public: 
    int a;
    int b;
    TreeNode *left;
    TreeNode *right;
    TreeNode(int a, int b)
    {
        // Set data value
        this->a = a;
        this->b = b;
        // Set node value
        this->left = NULL;
        this->right = NULL;
    }
};
class CalkinWilfTree
{
    public:
        // Tree Root
        TreeNode *root;
    CalkinWilfTree()
    {
        this->root = NULL;
    }
    // This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
    TreeNode *constructTree(int a, int b, int level)
    {
        if (level == 0)
        {
            return NULL;
        }
        TreeNode *node = new TreeNode(a, b);
        //  build left and right subtree by using recursively
        node->left = this->constructTree(a, a + b, level - 1);
        node->right = this->constructTree(a + b, b, level - 1);
        return node;
    }
    void preorder(TreeNode *node)
    {
        if (node != NULL)
        {
            cout << " (" << node->a << "/" << node->b << ")";
            this->preorder(node->left);
            this->preorder(node->right);
        }
    }
    void makeTree(int level)
    {
        if (level > 0)
        {
            this->root = this->constructTree(1, 1, level);
        }
    }
};
int main()
{
    CalkinWilfTree *tree = new CalkinWilfTree();
    int level = 3;
    /*
        Level : 3
        -----------------------
                 (1/1) 
                /     \
               /       \
           (1/2)       (2/1)
            /  \        /  \
        (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)
        -----------------------
            Calkin Wilf Tree
    */
    tree->makeTree(level);
    // Print tree node value
    tree->preorder(tree->root);
    return 0;
}

Output

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// Include namespace system
using System;
// Csharp program for
// Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
public class TreeNode
{
    public int a;
    public int b;
    public TreeNode left;
    public TreeNode right;
    public TreeNode(int a, int b)
    {
        // Set data value
        this.a = a;
        this.b = b;
        // Set node value
        this.left = null;
        this.right = null;
    }
}
public class CalkinWilfTree
{
    // Tree Root
    public TreeNode root;
    public CalkinWilfTree()
    {
        this.root = null;
    }
    // This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
    public TreeNode constructTree(int a, int b, int level)
    {
        if (level == 0)
        {
            return null;
        }
        TreeNode node = new TreeNode(a, b);
        //  build left and right subtree by using recursively
        node.left = this.constructTree(a, a + b, level - 1);
        node.right = this.constructTree(a + b, b, level - 1);
        return node;
    }
    public void preorder(TreeNode node)
    {
        if (node != null)
        {
            Console.Write(" (" + node.a + "/" + node.b + ")");
            this.preorder(node.left);
            this.preorder(node.right);
        }
    }
    public void makeTree(int level)
    {
        if (level > 0)
        {
            this.root = this.constructTree(1, 1, level);
        }
    }
    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        CalkinWilfTree tree = new CalkinWilfTree();
        int level = 3;
        /*
            Level : 3
            -----------------------
                     (1/1) 
                    /     \
                   /       \
               (1/2)       (2/1)
                /  \        /  \
            (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)
            -----------------------
                Calkin Wilf Tree
        */
        tree.makeTree(level);
        // Print tree node value
        tree.preorder(tree.root);
    }
}

Output

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package main
import "fmt"
// Go program for
// Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
type TreeNode struct {
    a int
    b int
    left * TreeNode
    right * TreeNode
}
func getTreeNode(a int, b int) * TreeNode {
    var me *TreeNode = &TreeNode {}
    // Set data value
    me.a = a
    me.b = b
    // Set node value
    me.left = nil
    me.right = nil
    return me
}
type CalkinWilfTree struct {
    // Tree Root
    root * TreeNode
}
func getCalkinWilfTree() * CalkinWilfTree {
    var me *CalkinWilfTree = &CalkinWilfTree {}
    me.root = nil
    return me
}
// This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
func(this *CalkinWilfTree) constructTree(a, 
    b, level int) * TreeNode {
    if level == 0 {
        return nil
    }
    var node * TreeNode = getTreeNode(a, b)
    //  build left and right subtree by using recursively
    node.left = this.constructTree(a, a + b, level - 1)
    node.right = this.constructTree(a + b, b, level - 1)
    return node
}
func(this CalkinWilfTree) preorder(node * TreeNode) {
    if node != nil {
        fmt.Print(" (", node.a, "/", node.b, ")")
        this.preorder(node.left)
        this.preorder(node.right)
    }
}
func(this *CalkinWilfTree) makeTree(level int) {
    if level > 0 {
        this.root = this.constructTree(1, 1, level)
    }
}
func main() {
    var tree * CalkinWilfTree = getCalkinWilfTree()
    var level int = 3
    /*
        Level : 3
        -----------------------
                 (1/1) 
                /     \
               /       \
           (1/2)       (2/1)
            /  \        /  \
        (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)
        -----------------------
            Calkin Wilf Tree
    */
    tree.makeTree(level)
    // Print tree node value
    tree.preorder(tree.root)
}

Output

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<?php
// Php program for
// Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
class TreeNode
{
    public $a;
    public $b;
    public $left;
    public $right;
    public  function __construct($a, $b)
    {
        // Set data value
        $this->a = $a;
        $this->b = $b;
        // Set node value
        $this->left = NULL;
        $this->right = NULL;
    }
}
class CalkinWilfTree
{
    // Tree Root
    public $root;
    public  function __construct()
    {
        $this->root = NULL;
    }
    // This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
    public  function constructTree($a, $b, $level)
    {
        if ($level == 0)
        {
            return NULL;
        }
        $node = new TreeNode($a, $b);
        //  build left and right subtree by using recursively
        $node->left = $this->constructTree($a, $a + $b, $level - 1);
        $node->right = $this->constructTree($a + $b, $b, $level - 1);
        return $node;
    }
    public  function preorder($node)
    {
        if ($node != NULL)
        {
            echo(" (".$node->a."/".$node->b.")");
            $this->preorder($node->left);
            $this->preorder($node->right);
        }
    }
    public  function makeTree($level)
    {
        if ($level > 0)
        {
            $this->root = $this->constructTree(1, 1, $level);
        }
    }
}

function main()
{
    $tree = new CalkinWilfTree();
    $level = 3;
    /*
        Level : 3
        -----------------------
                 (1/1) 
                /     \
               /       \
           (1/2)       (2/1)
            /  \        /  \
        (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)
        -----------------------
            Calkin Wilf Tree
    */
    $tree->makeTree($level);
    // Print tree node value
    $tree->preorder($tree->root);
}
main();

Output

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// Node JS program for
// Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
class TreeNode
{
    constructor(a, b)
    {
        // Set data value
        this.a = a;
        this.b = b;
        // Set node value
        this.left = null;
        this.right = null;
    }
}
class CalkinWilfTree
{
    constructor()
    {
        this.root = null;
    }
    // This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
    constructTree(a, b, level)
    {
        if (level == 0)
        {
            return null;
        }
        var node = new TreeNode(a, b);
        //  build left and right subtree by using recursively
        node.left = this.constructTree(a, a + b, level - 1);
        node.right = this.constructTree(a + b, b, level - 1);
        return node;
    }
    preorder(node)
    {
        if (node != null)
        {
            process.stdout.write(" (" + node.a + "/" + node.b + ")");
            this.preorder(node.left);
            this.preorder(node.right);
        }
    }
    makeTree(level)
    {
        if (level > 0)
        {
            this.root = this.constructTree(1, 1, level);
        }
    }
}

function main()
{
    var tree = new CalkinWilfTree();
    var level = 3;
    /*
        Level : 3
        -----------------------
                 (1/1) 
                /     \
               /       \
           (1/2)       (2/1)
            /  \        /  \
        (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)
        -----------------------
            Calkin Wilf Tree
    */
    tree.makeTree(level);
    // Print tree node value
    tree.preorder(tree.root);
}
main();

Output

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#  Python 3 program for
#  Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
class TreeNode :
    def __init__(self, a, b) :
        #  Set data value
        self.a = a
        self.b = b
        #  Set node value
        self.left = None
        self.right = None
    

class CalkinWilfTree :
    #  Tree Root
    def __init__(self) :
        self.root = None
    
    #  This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
    def constructTree(self, a, b, level) :
        if (level == 0) :
            return None
        
        node = TreeNode(a, b)
        #   build left and right subtree by using recursively
        node.left = self.constructTree(a, a + b, level - 1)
        node.right = self.constructTree(a + b, b, level - 1)
        return node
    
    def preorder(self, node) :
        if (node != None) :
            print(" (", node.a ,"/", node.b ,")", end = "",sep = "")
            self.preorder(node.left)
            self.preorder(node.right)
        
    
    def makeTree(self, level) :
        if (level > 0) :
            self.root = self.constructTree(1, 1, level)
        
    

def main() :
    tree = CalkinWilfTree()
    level = 3
    #    Level : 3
    #    -----------------------
    #             (1/1) 
    #            /     \
    #           /       \
    #       (1/2)       (2/1)
    #        /  \        /  \
    #    (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)
    #    -----------------------
    #        Calkin Wilf Tree
    tree.makeTree(level)
    #  Print tree node value
    tree.preorder(tree.root)

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

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#  Ruby program for
#  Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
class TreeNode 
    # Define the accessor and reader of class TreeNode
    attr_reader :a, :b, :left, :right
    attr_accessor :a, :b, :left, :right
    def initialize(a, b) 
        #  Set data value
        self.a = a
        self.b = b
        #  Set node value
        self.left = nil
        self.right = nil
    end

end

class CalkinWilfTree 
    # Define the accessor and reader of class CalkinWilfTree
    attr_reader :root
    attr_accessor :root
    #  Tree Root
    def initialize() 
        self.root = nil
    end

    #  This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
    def constructTree(a, b, level) 
        if (level == 0) 
            return nil
        end

        node = TreeNode.new(a, b)
        #   build left and right subtree by using recursively
        node.left = self.constructTree(a, a + b, level - 1)
        node.right = self.constructTree(a + b, b, level - 1)
        return node
    end

    def preorder(node) 
        if (node != nil) 
            print(" (", node.a ,"/", node.b ,")")
            self.preorder(node.left)
            self.preorder(node.right)
        end

    end

    def makeTree(level) 
        if (level > 0) 
            self.root = self.constructTree(1, 1, level)
        end

    end

end

def main() 
    tree = CalkinWilfTree.new()
    level = 3
    #    Level : 3
    #    -----------------------
    #             (1/1) 
    #            /     \
    #           /       \
    #       (1/2)       (2/1)
    #        /  \        /  \
    #    (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)
    #    -----------------------
    #        Calkin Wilf Tree
    tree.makeTree(level)
    #  Print tree node value
    tree.preorder(tree.root)
end

main()

Output

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// Scala program for
// Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
class TreeNode(var a: Int,
    var b: Int,
        var left: TreeNode,
            var right: TreeNode)
{
    def this(a: Int, b: Int)
    {
        // Set data value
        // Set node value
        this(a, b, null, null)
    }
}
class CalkinWilfTree(
    // Tree Root
    var root: TreeNode)
{
    def this()
    {
        this(null)
    }
    // This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
    def constructTree(a: Int, b: Int, level: Int): TreeNode = {
        if (level == 0)
        {
            return null;
        }
        var node: TreeNode = new TreeNode(a, b);
        //  build left and right subtree by using recursively
        node.left = constructTree(a, a + b, level - 1);
        node.right = constructTree(a + b, b, level - 1);
        return node;
    }
    def preorder(node: TreeNode): Unit = {
        if (node != null)
        {
            print(" (" + node.a + "/" + node.b + ")");
            preorder(node.left);
            preorder(node.right);
        }
    }
    def makeTree(level: Int): Unit = {
        if (level > 0)
        {
            this.root = constructTree(1, 1, level);
        }
    }
}
object Main
{
    def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
        var tree: CalkinWilfTree = new CalkinWilfTree();
        var level: Int = 3;
        /*
            Level : 3
            -----------------------
                     (1/1) 
                    /     \
                   /       \
               (1/2)       (2/1)
                /  \        /  \
            (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)
            -----------------------
                Calkin Wilf Tree
        */
        tree.makeTree(level);
        // Print tree node value
        tree.preorder(tree.root);
    }
}

Output

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// Swift 4 program for
// Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
class TreeNode
{
    var a: Int;
    var b: Int;
    var left: TreeNode? ;
    var right: TreeNode? ;
    init(_ a: Int, _ b: Int)
    {
        // Set data value
        self.a = a;
        self.b = b;
        // Set node value
        self.left = nil;
        self.right = nil;
    }
}
class CalkinWilfTree
{
    // Tree Root
    var root: TreeNode? ;
    init()
    {
        self.root = nil;
    }
    // This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
    func constructTree(_ a: Int, _ b: Int, _ level: Int) -> TreeNode?
    {
        if (level == 0)
        {
            return nil;
        }
        let node: TreeNode = TreeNode(a, b);
        //  build left and right subtree by using recursively
        node.left = self.constructTree(a, a + b, level - 1);
        node.right = self.constructTree(a + b, b, level - 1);
        return node;
    }
    func preorder(_ node: TreeNode? )
    {
        if (node  != nil)
        {
            print(" (", node!.a ,"/", node!.b ,")", separator:"",
                  terminator: "");
            self.preorder(node!.left);
            self.preorder(node!.right);
        }
    }
    func makeTree(_ level: Int)
    {
        if (level > 0)
        {
            self.root = self.constructTree(1, 1, level);
        }
    }
}
func main()
{
    let tree: CalkinWilfTree = CalkinWilfTree();
    let level: Int = 3;
    /*
        Level : 3
        -----------------------
                 (1/1) 
                /     \
               /       \
           (1/2)       (2/1)
            /  \        /  \
        (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)
        -----------------------
            Calkin Wilf Tree
    */
    tree.makeTree(level);
    // Print tree node value
    tree.preorder(tree.root);
}
main();

Output

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// Kotlin program for
// Construct N Level Calkin-Wilf Tree
class TreeNode
{
    var a: Int;
    var b: Int;
    var left: TreeNode ? ;
    var right: TreeNode ? ;
    constructor(a: Int, b: Int)
    {
        // Set data value
        this.a = a;
        this.b = b;
        // Set node value
        this.left = null;
        this.right = null;
    }
}
class CalkinWilfTree
{
    // Tree Root
    var root: TreeNode ? ;
    constructor()
    {
        this.root = null;
    }
    // This function are constructing a Calkin Wilf Tree
    fun constructTree(a: Int, b: Int, level: Int): TreeNode ?
    {
        if (level == 0)
        {
            return null;
        }
        val node: TreeNode = TreeNode(a, b);
        //  build left and right subtree by using recursively
        node.left = this.constructTree(a, a + b, level - 1);
        node.right = this.constructTree(a + b, b, level - 1);
        return node;
    }
    fun preorder(node: TreeNode ? ): Unit
    {
        if (node != null)
        {
            print(" (" + node.a + "/" + node.b + ")");
            this.preorder(node.left);
            this.preorder(node.right);
        }
    }
    fun makeTree(level: Int): Unit
    {
        if (level > 0)
        {
            this.root = this.constructTree(1, 1, level);
        }
    }
}
fun main(args: Array < String > ): Unit
{
    val tree: CalkinWilfTree = CalkinWilfTree();
    val level: Int = 3;
    /*
        Level : 3
        -----------------------
                 (1/1) 
                /     \
               /       \
           (1/2)       (2/1)
            /  \        /  \
        (1/3)  (3/2) (2/3) (3/1)
        -----------------------
            Calkin Wilf Tree
    */
    tree.makeTree(level);
    // Print tree node value
    tree.preorder(tree.root);
}

Output

 (1/1) (1/2) (1/3) (3/2) (2/1) (2/3) (3/1)


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