Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number

Given a positive integer, check whether the binary representation bits restrict the decreasing order of continuously active bits present in the right-to-left direction or not. For example, valid decreasing contiguous sequence.


Example 1 :
------------
num = 398 (000110001110) Binary bits
First pair of consecutive set bits is
(111) length is 3
Second pair of consecutive set bits is
(11)  length is 2
Valid decreasing order (3 > 2 ) (Right to left)

Output : Yes

Example 2 :
------------
num = 623 (1001101111)
First pair of consecutive set bits is
(1111) length is 4
Second pair of consecutive set bits is
(11)  length is 2
Third pair of consecutive set bits is
(1)  length is 1

Valid decreasing order (4 > 2 > 1)

Output : Yes


Example 3 :
-----------
num = 46 (101110)
First pair of consecutive set bits is
(111) length is 3
Second pair of consecutive set bits is
(1)  length is 1
Valid decreasing order ( 2 > 1)
Output : Yes

Example 4 :
------------
num = 14 (1110)
First pair of consecutive set bits is
(111) length is 3

Any one pair of active bits are valid


Output : Yes

Some of case which is not valid to this problem their examples such as follows.

Example 1 :
27  (11011)
First pair of consecutive set bits is
(11) length is 2
Second pair of consecutive set bits is
(11)  length is 2
Valid decreasing order (2 > 2) Not true
Output : No

Example 2:
58 (111010)
First pair of consecutive set bits is
(1) length is 1
Second pair of consecutive set bits is
(111)  length is 3
Valid decreasing order (1 > 3) Not true

Output : No

Here given code implementation process.

// C program 
// Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number
#include <stdio.h>

// Determine that given number have binary active bits in decreasing order or not
void decreasingActiveBit(int num)
{
	if (num < 0)
	{
		return;
	}
	// Define some auxiliary variables
	int count = 0;
	int result = 0;
	int temp = num;
	// Execute loop until temp is gratore than zero and
	// Consecutive active bit length is decreasing order 
	// in form of right to left
	while (temp > 0 && result != -1)
	{
		if ((temp & 1) == 1)
		{
			// Count consecutive active bit length
			count++;
		}
		else if (count > 0)
		{
			if (result == 0)
			{
				// Get first sequence of active bits
				result = count;
			}
			else if (result > count)
			{
				// Get next small active bits pair length
				result = count;
			}
			else
			{
				// When next active pair length is greater
				result = -1;
			}
			count = 0;
		}
		// Shift by one bit to left
		temp = temp >> 1;
	}
	if (result == 0 && count > 0)
	{
		// Whe only first pair exist
		result = count;
	}
	else if (count >= result)
	{
		// When left side consecutive set bits length are not smaller  
		result = -1;
	}
	// Display given number
	printf("\n Number : %d", num);
	if (result == -1)
	{
		printf("\n No");
	}
	else
	{
		printf("\n Yes");
	}
}
int main(int argc, char
	const *argv[])
{
	int num = 567;
	// 567 (1000110111)
	decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 439;
	// 439 (110110111)
	decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 7;
	// 7 (111)
	decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 92;
	// 92 (1011100)
	decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 29;
	// 29 (11101)
	decreasingActiveBit(num);
	return 0;
}

Output

 Number : 567
 Yes
 Number : 439
 No
 Number : 7
 Yes
 Number : 92
 Yes
 Number : 29
 No
/*
  Java program
  Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number
*/
public class Sequence
{
	// Determine that given number have binary active bits in decreasing order or not
	public void decreasingActiveBit(int num)
	{
		if (num < 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		int count = 0;
		int result = 0;
		int temp = num;
		// Execute loop until temp is gratore than zero and
		// Consecutive active bit length is decreasing order 
		// in form of right to left
		while (temp > 0 && result != -1)
		{
			if ((temp & 1) == 1)
			{
				// Count consecutive active bit length
				count++;
			}
			else if (count > 0)
			{
				if (result == 0)
				{
					// Get first sequence of active bits
					result = count;
				}
				else if (result > count)
				{
					// Get next small active bits pair length
					result = count;
				}
				else
				{
					// When next active pair length is greater
					result = -1;
				}
				count = 0;
			}
			// Shift by one bit to left
			temp = temp >> 1;
		}
		if (result == 0 && count > 0)
		{
			// Whe only first pair exist
			result = count;
		}
		else if (count >= result)
		{
			// When left side consecutive set bits length are not smaller  
			result = -1;
		}
		// Display given number
		System.out.print("\n Number : " + num + "");
		if (result == -1)
		{
			System.out.print("\n No");
		}
		else
		{
			System.out.print("\n Yes");
		}
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		Sequence task = new Sequence();
		int num = 567;
		// 567 (1000110111)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 439;
		// 439 (110110111)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 7;
		// 7 (111)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 92;
		// 92 (1011100)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 29;
		// 29 (11101)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	}
}

Output

 Number : 567
 Yes
 Number : 439
 No
 Number : 7
 Yes
 Number : 92
 Yes
 Number : 29
 No
// Include header file
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

/*
  C++ program
  Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number
*/

class Sequence
{
	public:
		// Determine that given number have binary active bits in decreasing order or not
		void decreasingActiveBit(int num)
		{
			if (num < 0)
			{
				return;
			}
			// Define some auxiliary variables
			int count = 0;
			int result = 0;
			int temp = num;
			// Execute loop until temp is gratore than zero and
			// Consecutive active bit length is decreasing order
			// in form of right to left
			while (temp > 0 && result != -1)
			{
				if ((temp &1) == 1)
				{
					// Count consecutive active bit length
					count++;
				}
				else if (count > 0)
				{
					if (result == 0)
					{
						// Get first sequence of active bits
						result = count;
					}
					else if (result > count)
					{
						// Get next small active bits pair length
						result = count;
					}
					else
					{
						// When next active pair length is greater
						result = -1;
					}
					count = 0;
				}
				// Shift by one bit to left
				temp = temp >> 1;
			}
			if (result == 0 && count > 0)
			{
				// Whe only first pair exist
				result = count;
			}
			else if (count >= result)
			{
				// When left side consecutive set bits length are not smaller
				result = -1;
			}
			// Display given number
			cout << "\n Number : " << num << "";
			if (result == -1)
			{
				cout << "\n No";
			}
			else
			{
				cout << "\n Yes";
			}
		}
};
int main()
{
	Sequence task = Sequence();
	int num = 567;
	// 567 (1000110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 439;
	// 439 (110110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 7;
	// 7 (111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 92;
	// 92 (1011100)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 29;
	// 29 (11101)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	return 0;
}

Output

 Number : 567
 Yes
 Number : 439
 No
 Number : 7
 Yes
 Number : 92
 Yes
 Number : 29
 No
// Include namespace system
using System;
/*
  C# program
  Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number
*/
public class Sequence
{
	// Determine that given number have binary active bits in decreasing order or not
	public void decreasingActiveBit(int num)
	{
		if (num < 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		int count = 0;
		int result = 0;
		int temp = num;
		// Execute loop until temp is gratore than zero and
		// Consecutive active bit length is decreasing order
		// in form of right to left
		while (temp > 0 && result != -1)
		{
			if ((temp & 1) == 1)
			{
				// Count consecutive active bit length
				count++;
			}
			else if (count > 0)
			{
				if (result == 0)
				{
					// Get first sequence of active bits
					result = count;
				}
				else if (result > count)
				{
					// Get next small active bits pair length
					result = count;
				}
				else
				{
					// When next active pair length is greater
					result = -1;
				}
				count = 0;
			}
			// Shift by one bit to left
			temp = temp >> 1;
		}
		if (result == 0 && count > 0)
		{
			// Whe only first pair exist
			result = count;
		}
		else if (count >= result)
		{
			// When left side consecutive set bits length are not smaller
			result = -1;
		}
		// Display given number
		Console.Write("\n Number : " + num + "");
		if (result == -1)
		{
			Console.Write("\n No");
		}
		else
		{
			Console.Write("\n Yes");
		}
	}
	public static void Main(String[] args)
	{
		Sequence task = new Sequence();
		int num = 567;
		// 567 (1000110111)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 439;
		// 439 (110110111)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 7;
		// 7 (111)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 92;
		// 92 (1011100)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 29;
		// 29 (11101)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	}
}

Output

 Number : 567
 Yes
 Number : 439
 No
 Number : 7
 Yes
 Number : 92
 Yes
 Number : 29
 No
<?php
/*
  Php program
  Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number
*/
class Sequence
{
	// Determine that given number have binary active bits in decreasing order or not
	public	function decreasingActiveBit($num)
	{
		if ($num < 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		$count = 0;
		$result = 0;
		$temp = $num;
		// Execute loop until temp is gratore than zero and
		// Consecutive active bit length is decreasing order
		// in form of right to left
		while ($temp > 0 && $result != -1)
		{
			if (($temp & 1) == 1)
			{
				// Count consecutive active bit length
				$count++;
			}
			else if ($count > 0)
			{
				if ($result == 0)
				{
					// Get first sequence of active bits
					$result = $count;
				}
				else if ($result > $count)
				{
					// Get next small active bits pair length
					$result = $count;
				}
				else
				{
					// When next active pair length is greater
					$result = -1;
				}
				$count = 0;
			}
			// Shift by one bit to left
			$temp = $temp >> 1;
		}
		if ($result == 0 && $count > 0)
		{
			// Whe only first pair exist
			$result = $count;
		}
		else if ($count >= $result)
		{
			// When left side consecutive set bits length are not smaller
			$result = -1;
		}
		// Display given number
		echo "\n Number : ". $num ."";
		if ($result == -1)
		{
			echo "\n No";
		}
		else
		{
			echo "\n Yes";
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	$task = new Sequence();
	$num = 567;
	// 567 (1000110111)
	$task->decreasingActiveBit($num);
	$num = 439;
	// 439 (110110111)
	$task->decreasingActiveBit($num);
	$num = 7;
	// 7 (111)
	$task->decreasingActiveBit($num);
	$num = 92;
	// 92 (1011100)
	$task->decreasingActiveBit($num);
	$num = 29;
	// 29 (11101)
	$task->decreasingActiveBit($num);
}
main();

Output

 Number : 567
 Yes
 Number : 439
 No
 Number : 7
 Yes
 Number : 92
 Yes
 Number : 29
 No
/*
  Node Js program
  Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number
*/
class Sequence
{
	// Determine that given number have binary active bits in decreasing order or not
	decreasingActiveBit(num)
	{
		if (num < 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		var count = 0;
		var result = 0;
		var temp = num;
		// Execute loop until temp is gratore than zero and
		// Consecutive active bit length is decreasing order
		// in form of right to left
		while (temp > 0 && result != -1)
		{
			if ((temp & 1) == 1)
			{
				// Count consecutive active bit length
				count++;
			}
			else if (count > 0)
			{
				if (result == 0)
				{
					// Get first sequence of active bits
					result = count;
				}
				else if (result > count)
				{
					// Get next small active bits pair length
					result = count;
				}
				else
				{
					// When next active pair length is greater
					result = -1;
				}
				count = 0;
			}
			// Shift by one bit to left
			temp = temp >> 1;
		}
		if (result == 0 && count > 0)
		{
			// Whe only first pair exist
			result = count;
		}
		else if (count >= result)
		{
			// When left side consecutive set bits length are not smaller
			result = -1;
		}
		// Display given number
		process.stdout.write("\n Number : " + num + "");
		if (result == -1)
		{
			process.stdout.write("\n No");
		}
		else
		{
			process.stdout.write("\n Yes");
		}
	}
}

function main()
{
	var task = new Sequence();
	var num = 567;
	// 567 (1000110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 439;
	// 439 (110110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 7;
	// 7 (111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 92;
	// 92 (1011100)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 29;
	// 29 (11101)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
}
main();

Output

 Number : 567
 Yes
 Number : 439
 No
 Number : 7
 Yes
 Number : 92
 Yes
 Number : 29
 No
#   Python 3 program
#   Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number

class Sequence :
	#  Determine that given number have binary active bits in decreasing order or not
	def decreasingActiveBit(self, num) :
		if (num < 0) :
			return
		
		#  Define some auxiliary variables
		count = 0
		result = 0
		temp = num
		#  Execute loop until temp is gratore than zero and
		#  Consecutive active bit length is decreasing order 
		#  in form of right to left
		while (temp > 0 and result != -1) :
			if ((temp & 1) == 1) :
				#  Count consecutive active bit length
				count += 1
			
			elif(count > 0) :
				if (result == 0) :
					#  Get first sequence of active bits
					result = count
				
				elif(result > count) :
					#  Get next small active bits pair length
					result = count
				else :
					#  When next active pair length is greater
					result = -1
				
				count = 0
			
			#  Shift by one bit to left
			temp = temp >> 1
		
		if (result == 0 and count > 0) :
			#  Whe only first pair exist
			result = count
		
		elif(count >= result) :
			#  When left side consecutive set bits length are not smaller  
			result = -1
		
		#  Display given number
		print("\n Number : ", num ,"", end = "")
		if (result == -1) :
			print("\n No", end = "")
		else :
			print("\n Yes", end = "")
		
	

def main() :
	task = Sequence()
	num = 567
	#  567 (1000110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num)
	num = 439
	#  439 (110110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num)
	num = 7
	#  7 (111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num)
	num = 92
	#  92 (1011100)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num)
	num = 29
	#  29 (11101)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num)

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Output

 Number :  567
 Yes
 Number :  439
 No
 Number :  7
 Yes
 Number :  92
 Yes
 Number :  29
 No
#   Ruby program
#   Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number

class Sequence 
	#  Determine that given number have binary active bits in decreasing order or not
	def decreasingActiveBit(num) 
		if (num < 0) 
			return
		end

		#  Define some auxiliary variables
		count = 0
		result = 0
		temp = num
		#  Execute loop until temp is gratore than zero and
		#  Consecutive active bit length is decreasing order 
		#  in form of right to left
		while (temp > 0 && result != -1) 
			if ((temp & 1) == 1) 
				#  Count consecutive active bit length
				count += 1
			elsif(count > 0) 
				if (result == 0) 
					#  Get first sequence of active bits
					result = count
				elsif(result > count) 
					#  Get next small active bits pair length
					result = count
				else 
					#  When next active pair length is greater
					result = -1
				end

				count = 0
			end

			#  Shift by one bit to left
			temp = temp >> 1
		end

		if (result == 0 && count > 0) 
			#  Whe only first pair exist
			result = count
		elsif(count >= result) 
			#  When left side consecutive set bits length are not smaller  
			result = -1
		end

		#  Display given number
		print("\n Number : ", num ,"")
		if (result == -1) 
			print("\n No")
		else 
			print("\n Yes")
		end

	end

end

def main() 
	task = Sequence.new()
	num = 567
	#  567 (1000110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num)
	num = 439
	#  439 (110110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num)
	num = 7
	#  7 (111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num)
	num = 92
	#  92 (1011100)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num)
	num = 29
	#  29 (11101)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num)
end

main()

Output

 Number : 567
 Yes
 Number : 439
 No
 Number : 7
 Yes
 Number : 92
 Yes
 Number : 29
 No
/*
  Scala program
  Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number
*/
class Sequence
{
	// Determine that given number have binary active bits in decreasing order or not
	def decreasingActiveBit(num: Int): Unit = {
		if (num < 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		var count: Int = 0;
		var result: Int = 0;
		var temp: Int = num;
		// Execute loop until temp is gratore than zero and
		// Consecutive active bit length is decreasing order
		// in form of right to left
		while (temp > 0 && result != -1)
		{
			if ((temp & 1) == 1)
			{
				// Count consecutive active bit length
				count += 1;
			}
			else if (count > 0)
			{
				if (result == 0)
				{
					// Get first sequence of active bits
					result = count;
				}
				else if (result > count)
				{
					// Get next small active bits pair length
					result = count;
				}
				else
				{
					// When next active pair length is greater
					result = -1;
				}
				count = 0;
			}
			// Shift by one bit to left
			temp = temp >> 1;
		}
		if (result == 0 && count > 0)
		{
			// Whe only first pair exist
			result = count;
		}
		else if (count >= result)
		{
			// When left side consecutive set bits length are not smaller
			result = -1;
		}
		// Display given number
		print("\n Number : " + num + "");
		if (result == -1)
		{
			print("\n No");
		}
		else
		{
			print("\n Yes");
		}
	}
}
object Main
{
	def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
		var task: Sequence = new Sequence();
		var num: Int = 567;
		// 567 (1000110111)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 439;
		// 439 (110110111)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 7;
		// 7 (111)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 92;
		// 92 (1011100)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
		num = 29;
		// 29 (11101)
		task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	}
}

Output

 Number : 567
 Yes
 Number : 439
 No
 Number : 7
 Yes
 Number : 92
 Yes
 Number : 29
 No
/*
  Swift 4 program
  Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number
*/
class Sequence
{
	// Determine that given number have binary active bits in decreasing order or not
	func decreasingActiveBit(_ num: Int)
	{
		if (num < 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		var count: Int = 0;
		var result: Int = 0;
		var temp: Int = num;
		// Execute loop until temp is gratore than zero and
		// Consecutive active bit length is decreasing order
		// in form of right to left
		while (temp > 0 && result  != -1)
		{
			if ((temp & 1) == 1)
			{
				// Count consecutive active bit length
				count += 1;
			}
			else if (count > 0)
			{
				if (result == 0)
				{
					// Get first sequence of active bits
					result = count;
				}
				else if (result > count)
				{
					// Get next small active bits pair length
					result = count;
				}
				else
				{
					// When next active pair length is greater
					result = -1;
				}
				count = 0;
			}
			// Shift by one bit to left
			temp = temp >> 1;
		}
		if (result == 0 && count > 0)
		{
			// Whe only first pair exist
			result = count;
		}
		else if (count >= result)
		{
			// When left side consecutive set bits length are not smaller
			result = -1;
		}
		// Display given number
		print("\n Number : ", num ,"", terminator: "");
		if (result == -1)
		{
			print("\n No", terminator: "");
		}
		else
		{
			print("\n Yes", terminator: "");
		}
	}
}
func main()
{
	let task: Sequence = Sequence();
	var num: Int = 567;
	// 567 (1000110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 439;
	// 439 (110110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 7;
	// 7 (111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 92;
	// 92 (1011100)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 29;
	// 29 (11101)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
}
main();

Output

 Number :  567
 Yes
 Number :  439
 No
 Number :  7
 Yes
 Number :  92
 Yes
 Number :  29
 No
/*
  Kotlin program
  Check whether consecutive decreasing active bits exist in a number
*/
class Sequence
{
	// Determine that given number have binary active bits in decreasing order or not
	fun decreasingActiveBit(num: Int): Unit
	{
		if (num < 0)
		{
			return;
		}
		// Define some auxiliary variables
		var count: Int = 0;
		var result: Int = 0;
		var temp: Int = num;
		// Execute loop until temp is gratore than zero and
		// Consecutive active bit length is decreasing order
		// in form of right to left
		while (temp > 0 && result != -1)
		{
			if ((temp and 1) == 1)
			{
				// Count consecutive active bit length
				count += 1;
			}
			else if (count > 0)
			{
				if (result == 0)
				{
					// Get first sequence of active bits
					result = count;
				}
				else if (result > count)
				{
					// Get next small active bits pair length
					result = count;
				}
				else
				{
					// When next active pair length is greater
					result = -1;
				}
				count = 0;
			}
			// Shift by one bit to left
			temp = temp shr 1;
		}
		if (result == 0 && count > 0)
		{
			// Whe only first pair exist
			result = count;
		}
		else if (count >= result)
		{
			// When left side consecutive set bits length are not smaller
			result = -1;
		}
		// Display given number
		print("\n Number : " + num + "");
		if (result == -1)
		{
			print("\n No");
		}
		else
		{
			print("\n Yes");
		}
	}
}
fun main(args: Array <String> ): Unit
{
	var task: Sequence = Sequence();
	var num: Int = 567;
	// 567 (1000110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 439;
	// 439 (110110111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 7;
	// 7 (111)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 92;
	// 92 (1011100)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
	num = 29;
	// 29 (11101)
	task.decreasingActiveBit(num);
}

Output

 Number : 567
 Yes
 Number : 439
 No
 Number : 7
 Yes
 Number : 92
 Yes
 Number : 29
 No


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